INDEX

Note. As this is a book about coffee, the entries in the Index refer—unless otherwise specified—to that general subject, and more particularly to Coffea arabica; other varieties are distinguished by their scientific or trade names. Thus, “Adulteration” refers to the adulteration of coffee; and “Adulterants,” to the substances used for that purpose.

Abbreviations Used
bev. signifies beverage
biog. biography
C. or c. coffee
C. Coffea
chk. coffee-house keeper
d. died
hyb. hybrid
ill. illustration
inv. invention
newsp. newspaper
pamph. pamphlet
pat. patent, patentee
per. periodical
pseud. pseudonym
q. quoted
v. vessel, ship

Italicized words are either scientific terms or titles of publications. Titles of books are followed by the name of the author, if known; other publications are distinguished as broadsides, newspapers, pamphlets, or periodicals.

Geographical names are distributed under various topics, such as “Acreage,” “Coffee houses,” “Consumption,” “Cultivation,” “Exports,” “Imports,” “Production,” and the like.

A Mon Café, Ducis, 548

Abbas, wife of, 21

Abbey, Charlotte, q.177

Abbey, Roswell, pat.245

Abbey, Freeman & Co., 482

Abd-al-Kâdir, 14431

Abd-al-Kâdir ms., 31431542543
Description, 541

Abele, Chris, pat.630638644645;
d. (1910), 641

Abeokutæ, C.142
Java, 216

Abeokutæ × libericahyb.146

Abigail, 13

Aborn, A.C., q.,
Cost card for roasters, 392

Aborn, Edward, 439514651701713714716q.715

Aborn, W.H., 715

About, Edmund F.V., q.685

Abraham, 18

Abyssinian c., 353376377

Account of his Journeys, An, Olearius, q.22

Ach (chemist), 186

Ach, F.J., 488509511513q.408

Acidity, percentages in c., 719

Acid c.’s, 397

Acids, 159168

Acker, Finley, pat.472645649701

Acker, Merrall & Condit Co., 478494498

Ackland, James, chk.118

Acreage
Africa, British East, 230285
Argentina, 236
Australia, 238284
Brazil (sq. miles), 277
Ceylon, 236283
Ecuador, 236278
Federated Malay States, 238284
Guadeloupe, 233
Guatemala, 219
Guiana, British, 279
Haiti, 220281
Hawaii, 241
India, 226227282
Jamaica, 232281
Java, 215
Leeward Islands, 282
Mauritius, 285
Nyasaland, 230285
Philippines, 284
Porto Rico, 223
Salvador, 219280
Uganda, 230285
Venezuela, 212
Yemen, 230

Adams, chk.559

Adams, Abigail, q.467468

Adams, Isaac, pat.245

Adams, John, 110113593

Adams, Pygan, 609

Adams & Son, 710

Addison, Joseph, 758084557558560572575576577578593

Addison, Life of, Johnson, q.561

Adjudication (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Adulterant Act, British, 404

Adulterants, 153169170404

Adulteration, 404
Italy, 686
Reasons for, 170
U.S. law affecting, 410
rulings against, 337

Advertisements
Arbuckle’s (1861), 496
Boston (1748), 467
Cauchois’s Private Estate, 498
Coffee-house
Boston, 112
New York (1781), 119120
Coffee mills (1665), 617
Divination by coffee grounds, 558
First (Abd-al-Kâdir’s, 1587), 431
First American-newspaper, 468
First newspaper (1657), 56432
Of coffee only, ill.434
First printed (1652), q.54432459461
London coffee-house, q.582
Newspaper and periodical, 432–434
Piazza coffee room, q.581
Song by Zecchini, 549
Turks Head coffee house, 582

Advertising, 431–465
Booklets (J.C.T.P.C.), 455
Brands, 455462–465
Early history, 431–434
Evolution of, 434435
France, 680
Government propaganda, 444–459
Injudicious, 435537438461
Joint coffee trade, 439445–459514515
Lantern slides, 443
Motion pictures, 443445
Package-coffee, 440–443
Retail, 443444
Trade, 442
Trade journalists as experts, 431
United States, 434–465

Advertising charts, 440441

Advice against the plague, Harvey, 58

Advisory Board, C. (see Gov’t control)

Affinis, C.hyb.146

Aga, Soliman, 3392

Aging
Artificial, 157158471474
Natural, 156157167342345353

Agriculture, U.S. Dept., 722

Aigentliche Beschreibung der Raisis, etc., Rauwolf, q.12

Aiken, G., 612

Akers, Frederick, 498499

Alameda (brand), 441

Albanese, 185

Albertenghi, 558

Alcoholic beverages
Coffee replaces in Am. colonies, 696
Sold in London c. houses, 617881

Alcholism, effect of c. on, 182

Aldhabani (see Gemaleddin)

Ale wives’ complaint against c. houses (pamph.), 72

[Pg 770]Alexander, S.R., 485

Alexander & Baldwin, 488

Alhadrami, Muhammed, 16

Al-Haiwi (The Continent), Rhazes, 11

Alison, Archibald, 102

Alkaloids in c., 159160161

All Souls’ college, Oxford, 41

Allain, F.V., 487

Allanston, q.179

Allen, q.159

Allen, Ida C. Bailey, q.723

Allen, James Lane, q.564

Allom, Thomas, 663

Alpini (Alpinus), Prospero 43431541543;
q.2122641

Alt und neu Wien, Bermann, q.51

Altenberg, Peter, q.549

Altitudes
Best, 198200
Bolivia, 236
Brazil, 205
Colombia, 208
Costa Rica, 225
Guatemala, 219
Hawaii, 239
Honduras, 234
Indo-China, French, 237
Jamaica, 233
Java, 216
Mexico, 222
Nicaragua, 227
Peru, 236
Salvador, 217
Venezuela, 212263
Yemen, 231

Alumini Etonenses, Harwood, q.581

Amarella, C.hyb.140

Amber (essence of) in c., 695

Ambergris in c., 709

Ambrosia Arabica, Caffè Discorso, Rambaldi, 558q.696

American Can Co., 472473

Am. Chem. Journalq.165

American Coffee Co., 521

American Grocerper.526

American Hist’l Registerq.126

Am. Journ. Ophthalmologyq.182

American Legion, v.316

American Mills, 502

American Sugar Refining Co., 689

Ames, Allan P., 448

Amman & Co., C., 477

Amsinck, Gustave, 479

Amsinck & Co., G., 479484485534

Amurath III, 20664

Amurath IV, 2038

Analystperq.165

Anatomy of Melancholy, The, Burton, q.54338

Ancilloto, Marco, 27

“——” and Other Poets, Untermeyer, q.553

Anderson, pat.247

Anderson, Adam, q.727374

Anderson, E.D., 472

Anderson, Mrs. chk.86

Andreas, A.T., q.106

Andrews, William Ward, pat.627700

Andrews & Co., C.E., 506

Andry, Doctor, 694

Anecdotes, 565–585
Addison, Joseph, 576
Bacon, Sir Nicholas, 570
Bismarck, 565570
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 94593
Brillat-Savarin, 565
Champmeslé, 91
Cibber, Colley, 579
Compton, Bishop of London, 570
de Sévigné, Mme., 91565
Dryden, John, 574575
Fontenelle, 565
Foote, Samuel, 580581
Garrick, David 569579580
Goldsmith, Oliver, 573574
Grévy, Jules, 566
Hannes, Dr., 572
Hogarth, William, 580
Inchbald, Mrs., 576
Jeffreys, Judge, 570
Johnson, Samuel, 567568569
Kant, Immanuel, 562
Kemble, John, 581
London coffee-house, 567–585
Louis XIV and DuBarry, 566
Lowther, Sir James, 584
Macklin, Charles, 580581
Milton, John, 584
Napier, Robert, 700
Page, Judge, 570
Phipps, Sir William, 111
Pope, Alexander, 575576577578
Racine, 91
Radcliff, Dr., 572
Roach, Tiger, 579580
Roubiliac, 583
Saint-Foix, 566567
Savage, Richard, 570
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 581
Sloane, Sir Hans, 582
Steele, Sir Richard, 570
Swift, Jonathan, 570578579
Talleyrand, Prince, 565
Thurlow, Lord, 572
Voltaire, 178565
Ware (Brit. architect), 584

Anezi c., 351368

Angel & Co., A., 340

Angustifolia, C. hyb.140

Ankola c., 355371

Annales, Liebig, q.711

Annales Politiques et Littérairesper.q.175

Annals (of Phila.), q.120

Annals on Applied Biologyq.155

Anne, Queen, 82

Année Littéraireq.6

Anstead, R.D., q.155

Anthony, Frank M., 479

Antiquarian Rambles in the Streets of London, Smith, q.569570

Antiseptic, C. as an, 180182

Apel, Paul E, 506

Apparatus (see Machinery)

Appenzeller, John C., 503

Applegate, John, 492

Apples in c. (Russia), 686

Apreece, 581

Araba (driver), 658

Arabia, Description of, Niebuhr, q.22

Arabian Chrestomathy, de Sacy q.2

Arabian c. (see Mocha)

Arabian Nights, The31

Arabica, C. (see note, p. 769)

Arbitration (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Arbor yemensis fructum cofè ferens, etc., The, Douglas, 42543

Arbuckle advertising, 462–465

Arbuckle, Charles, 521522

Arbuckle, Christina, 524

Arbuckle, John, 440469470496523524;
biog.517521;
d., (1912) 524;
pat.647

Arbuckle, John (Mrs.), 523

Arbuckle Brothers, 443470480482499502522523
Coating coffee, 396
Plant, 524–526
Business, 521–526

Arbuckle Farm, 524

Arbuckles, The, 519

Arbuckles & Co., 507522524635

Arbuthnot, Dr., 8184578579

Arcade Manufacturing Co., 645653

Archives of Psychologyq.186

Arcularius, James L., 499

Arding, Dr. Charles, 118

Arduino, Pier Teresio, pat.651

Arias, 220

Ariosa (brand), 440441469470524
Origin of name, 522

Ariza & Lombard, 488

Arkell, Bartlett, 538

Arkell, W.J., 538

Arlington, Earl of, 582

Arliss, George, 130;
q.556

Armstrong, Dr., 578580 479491518527;
biog. 517

Arnold, Francis B., 477479491518

Arnold & Co., B.G., 479480 491528

Arnold, Dorr & Co., 479482518

Arnold, Hines & Co., 482

Arnold, Mackey & Co., 477479

Arnold, Sturgess & Co., 479

Arnoldiana, C.142
Java, 216

Aroma
Advertising value, retail, 423
Best grinds to preserve, 719720
Cause of, 163165
Chaff rich in, 708
Cup-testing for, 356
Preservation of, 170712717

Aroma Coffee & Spice Co., 502

Aron & Co., J., 340

Arroba (weight), 268

Art collections
Berlin museums, 46
Boston Mus. of Fine Arts, 612
Bostonian Society, 613
London
Beaufoy (Guildhall Mus.), 62582602
British Museum, 604
Guildhall Museum, 602603

Armstrong & Barnewall, 476

Arne, Dr., 579

Arnold, q.136

Arnold, Benjamin Green, 469,
London
Victoria and Albert Museum, 601603
New York
Clearwater (Met. Mus.), 609
Halsey (Met. Mus.), 609
Metropolitan Museum
Pictures, 591
Service, artistic and historical, 599600607608612
Paris: Clunny Museum, 600
Portland: Maine Hist. Soc., 614
Potsdam museums, 46
Salem (Mass.): Essex Inst., 614
Sam Ireland’s, 593
Vienna: Austrian Art Soc., 590
Washington
Peter (U.S. Nat’l Mus.), 599

Arthur, chk.588

Arthur’s, Lyons, q.563

Aruwimensis, C.144
Java, 216

Ashcroft, John, pat.157
Trade mark, 470

Ashland, James, 477

Ashley, James, chk.582

Astbury, 604612

Astor Library, 124

Atha, F.P., 509;
q.422

Athenae Oxiensis à Woodq.41

Atlas Mills, 498

Attal (Arabian bale), 266

Atwood & Co., 509

Atwood & Holstad, 509

Aubrey, John, 557;
q.4053565960

Auctions
Amsterdam, 44
First (1711), 213
London, 327
Netherlands E. Indies, 312

Augagneuri, C., 147

Auger & Co., B.E., 487

Austin, Nichols & Co., 494499

Australian c., 355376

Autobiography, Haydon, q.583

Autocrat (brand), 441

Automatic Weighing Machine Co., 470

Avicenna (Ibn Sina), 1117431;
q.12

à Wood, Anthony, q.41

Ayduis, 14

Ayer Bangies c., 355371

Ayer & Son, N.W., 448

Aymar & Co., 476

Babillard, q.559

Bach, Johann Sebastian. 46;
q.595–599

[Pg 771]Bache, Theophylact, 475

Bacon, Francis, 543557;
q.38

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, 570

Bacon, Raymond F., q.714

Bacon, Williamson, 480

Bacon & Co., Williamson, 480

Bacon, Stickney & Co., 508

Bacteria, Effect of c. on, 180181

“Bad” coffee, 22

Bagnell, 579

Bags, paper (see Containers)

Bahias (c.), 341343367

Baillon, 558

Baiz, Jacob, 485

Baiz & Wakeman, 478

Baker (chemist), q.165

Baker, John Gulick, pat.469639

Baker, Roger, 117

Baker, T.K., pat.647

Baker, William E., pat.649

Baker & Co., 649

Baker & Sons, Joseph, 640

Baker & Young, 485

Baker Importing Co., 539

Baker vs. Duncombe (pat. suit), 649

Baldi, q.184

Baldwin, Captain, 538

Baldy & Co., J.B., 506

Bales, Arabian, 266268

Balis (c.), 355374

Balliol college, Oxford, 4041

Ballot-box, origin of, 60

Ballou & Cosgrove, 488

Baltagi, 22

Balzac, Honoré de, 102556;
q.557

Balzac, Lawton, q.557

Ban, 2635

Bananas and c. (bev.), 694

Banesius (see Nairon)

Bangs, John Kendrick, q.564

Bank of New York, 120

Bank of Pennsylvania, ill.129

Banks, H.W., 479

Banks & Co., H.W., 478479485

Baptized by Clement VIII, 26

Barbados c., 351362

Barbaro, Angelo Maria, 28

Barbor, inv.637

Barclay, Florence L., q.563

Barclay & Hasson, 508

Barker, pat.640

Barmaids, 75

Barnardini, q.186

Barnes, Dr., q.176

Barnes, Sir Edward, 237

Barnicle, Michael, 482

Baro, José, 651

Barotti, L., 548

Barquisimento, v.349

Barr, Thomas T., 482

Barr & Co., T.M., 529

Barr & Co., T.T., 477482

Barr, Lally & Co., 482

Barrington Hall (brand), 441

Barrington Hall Soluble (brand), 539

Barrowby, Dr., q.580

Barth, G.W., 639

Barthez, 566

Bartlett (artist), 668

Bartow, H., 497

Baruch & Co., 488

Batavia c., 355373

Baudelaire, 565

Baukobensis, C.216

Bay, Gottfried, 644

Bayne, Daniel K., 478

Bayne, L.P., 478

Bayne, Jr., William, 448473478535

Bayne, Sr., William, 478

Bayne & Co., William, 485

Beach & Co., J.D., 508509

Beaham-Moffatt Mfg. Co., 508

Bean broth, Javanese, 11

Beans as friendly tokens, 655

Beard, Eli, 496

Beard, Samuel S., 496

Beard & Co., Samuel S., 482496

Beard & Cummings, 482494496507

Beard & Howell, 496

Beard, Sons & Co., S.M., 499

Beards & Cottrell, 482496

Beaufoy Catalogue, Burn, q.583

Beaumarchais, 94

Beauvarlet, J., 587

Beccaria, Cesare, 30558

Becker, Joseph, 482

Beckley, S.W., 507

Beckmann, Alfred H., q.418

Bedford, Duke of, 576593

Beecher, C. McCulloch, 491

Beede, N.B., 508

Beekmans, The, 475

Beer, q.182

Beer, Coffee, 710711

Beeson, Emmet G., q.679

Bégon, 6

Behrens & Co., A., 482

Belcher, Jonathan, chk.112

Belgians, King of, 672

Bell & Co., J.H., 502

Bell, Conrad & Co., 485

Bell, Conrad & Webster, 502

Belli, 549557

Bello (Bellus), Onorio, 31

Belna (brand), 539

Bencini, Antoni, pat.625

Benedicenti, q.186

Benedict & Co., 485

Benedict & Gaffney, 494498499

Benedict & Thomas, 494501

Bengalensis, C.146

Bengiazlah, 17;
q.17

Bennet, Henry, 582

Bennett, J. Hughes, q.181

Bennett, James, 482

Bennett, William, 482

Bennett & Becker, 482499

Bennett & Son, William Hosmer, 478482

Bennett, Schenck & Earle, 499

Bennett, Sloan & Co., 498499

Bentley, Benton & Co., 482

Berchoux, 548

Berg, Thomson & Davis, 502

Berhard, Charles, 505

Berkeley, Bishop, 550

Bermann, M., q.51

Bernard, Claude M.V., pat.629

Bernard (Dean of Derry), 573574

Bernhardt, Sarah, 565

Bernheimer, q.163

Bernier, 31543594;
q.616

Berry (see Fruit)

Berry, Benjamin, 508

Berry & Sons, N., 501

Berthier, 102

Berytus (Beirut), Bishop of, q.42

Besant, Sir Walter, q.7578

Bethmont, 566

Betrand, q.163

Better C.-making Com., 439
Recommendations, 713715

Better coffee-making publicity
Favored by N.C.R.A., 513

Beurre, Café avec, 683

Beverage
Buds as basis, 694
Chemical analysis, 714
Consumption in U.S., 689
Definition, U.S. Dep’t of Agr., 722
Discovery (13th century), 655
Evolution of, 693
Fruit and bananas, 694
History, early, 11–23
Hull and pulp as basis, 15
Husks as basis, 26
Origin
First reliable date (1454), 16
Legendary, 111316

Beverages Past and Present, Emerson, q.566

Bey, Kair, 71

Bible1213

Bibliothéque Nationale, 16

Bichivili, q.22

Bichivili manuscript, 542

Bickford, Clarence E., 487488

Bickford & Co., C.E., 488

Biddulph, William, q.36543

Biggin, Coffee, 624
Origin of name, 699
(See also Infusion devices)

Bill & Co., Alexander H., 501

Binz, q.182183

Biographic Universelle, Michauds, q.8

Bishop, J. Leander, q.105115

Bishop, Nathaniel, chk.109

Bisland & Brown, 497

Bismarck, Prince, 565566

Bitter (see Flavors)

Bitter c.’s, 397

Bjorstjerne Bjornson, v.316

Blackall, Alfred H., 501502

Blair, Henry, 496526

Blair, Henry B., 494

Blair, Sidney O., 502

Blake, Charles F., 482

Blake, Walter F., 535

Blake & Bullard, 482

Blakeman, C.R., 479

Blanc, Louis, 103

Blanchard & Bro., 501

Black bean, 329
Scale, 330

Black broth, Lacedemonian, 1336384058

Blanco, Guzman, 529

Blaney, Henry R., q.110

Blanke, C.F., pat.651

Blanke Tea & Coffee Co., C.F., 502539

Blending, 396–400
Retail, 418–421

Blending machinery, 383385

Blends, 722723
French preferences, 680
Package coffees, 408
Restaurants, 399

Blickman, Saul, pat.652

Bliss, Dallett & Co., 482

Blodgett, Albro, 507

Blodgett, Henry P., 507

Blodgett-Beckley Co., 507

Blohm & Co., 340

Blook & Varwig, 503

Bloom, Daniel, chk.118

Bloom Bros., 488

Blossoms,
Bridal flowers in Antilles, 565
Chemistry of, 155

Blotting-paper filters, 708

Blount, Sir Henry, 4054543;
q.133856

Blue Mountain c., 350362

Blunt, Anne, chk.56

Board of Experts favored, 513

Boardman, George, 508

Boardman, Howard F., 508

Boardman, Thomas J., 508

Boardman, William, 508

Boardman, William F.J., 508

Boardman & Sons, Wm., 508

Boardman & Sons Co., Wm., 508

Boaz, 13

Boconos c., 349350365

Bodanzky, Arthur, 597

Bodleian library, 53

Boekit Gompong c., 355372

Boengie c., 355374

Boerhaave, Prof., 543

Bogotas (c.), 348349363

Bohier & Weikel, 501

Boiling,
Discussed (Trigg), 720
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 721

Boindin, Abbie Alary, 554

Boinest, Walter B., 498

Bolivian c., 350367

Bon, 12263541

Bonaparte, Napoleon, 9496100485;
q.566

Bondzynski, 185

Bonifeur, Café (Guadeloupe), 257

Bonnard, 98

Bonnieri, C.147
Caffein content, 161

Bontius, Jac., q.2

Book, Nicholas, inv.617

Booker, 69

Booklets, advertising, 455

Booms,
Ceylon (1845), 237
U.S. (1814), 468

Booms and Panics, 527–530

Booth, A.F., 508

Booth, Otis W., 480

Booth & Linsley, 477480

Boquette c., 348361

[Pg 772]Borino & Bro., 486

Boscul (brand), 441

Bossi, Vernetti & Bartolini, 651

Boston coffee party, 467468

Boston News Letternewsp.433

Boston tea party, 106110689

Boswell, James, 8189;
q.567568583

Botanical description, 122641131–138248249
Classification, 132
Species, number of, 132
Microscopic, 149–152

Botanical gardens (see Gardens)

Botanists disagree, 132

Botany of coffee, 131–148

Bottega di caffé (comedy), Goldoni, 28

Bouche, Charles J., 505

Boucher, François, 588

Boulton & Co., H.L., 340

Boulton, Bliss & Dallett, 482

Bounties,
Guadeloupe, 234
Australia (proposed), 239

Bour, J.M., 507

Bour Co., 443506507

Bourai c., 351368

Bourbon c., 353378

Bourbon, Grand, c., 352353

Bourbon Le Roy c., 352353

Bourbon rond, 352353

Bourbon-Santos c., 260341342366

Bourdon, Isid, q.565

Bourne, H.R. Fox, q.54

Bovee & Co., Wm. H., 506

Bowdoin, Gov. (see Chicory), 468

Bowers, B.O., 480

Bowman, chk.5354

Bowman, John, pat.637

Bown, W.J.H., 510

Bown & Bro., W.T., 507

Bowring & Co., 488

Boyd & Co., G., 501

Braas, Joseph, 507

Brancho, João Alberto C., 9

Bradford, Cornelius, chk.119120

Bradford, John R. (Mrs.), 614

Bradford, Phebe C., 614

Bradford, William, chk.127128129

Bradley, Prof. R., 42

Bradley, Richard, q.58

Brady, Cyrus Townsend, 563

Brady, Dr., q.177

Bramhall Deane Co., 634

Brand advertising, 455462–465

Brand, Carl W., 448507514

Brandenburg, Elector of, 45

Brandenstein, Edward, 506

Brandenstein, M.J., 506

Brandenstein, Manfred, 506

Brandenstein & Co., M.J., 471488506

Brands, 434435440441462465469470474496522–524538539

Brasher, Abraham, 609

Brasher, Ephraim, 609

Brass, Italico, 556

Braun Co., 472646

Brayley (topographer), 582

Brazil Coffee Co., 478

Brazil coffee delegation, 514

Brazil-grading, 331

Brazil Trading Co., 485

Brazils (c.), 341–345366

Breakfast (brand), 524

Bregolini, Ubaldo, 27

Brett, Colonel, 576

Breur, Moller & Co., 340

Brewing,
Altitude limit 9,000 feet, 715
Art of
Calkin’s patent, 702
Muller’s patent, 702
Below boiling point, 515707714717
Care in, 723
Chemistry of, 168718–720
Clarifying, 704705
Comparison of methods, 720721
Evolution of, 702704
Filtration vs. percolation, 515
Incorrect methods injurious, 179
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 717
Research, Un. of Kansas, 714
Scientific, 718–722
Thurber’s method, 712

Brewing devices (1760–1855), 620–629
Acker’s (1884), 645
American colonial, 709
Andrews’ reversed Fr. drip (1841), 627
Best materials, 717721722
Blickman’s (1916), 652
Care of, 722
Casseneuve’s reversed Fr. drip, 623
Cauchois’s porcelain-lined urn, 645
Cauchois’s centrifugal pump, 651
Chapman’s tea or coffee pot, 649
Chronology (1879–1921), 643–654
Combined making and serving pot, 616
Comparative test (1915), 714
(1917), 716
Criterion, 674
Earthenware, painted (Abyssinia), 655
First (boiler), 615616
First French patent (1802), 621699
First U.S. patent (1825), 469624625699
Fountain, 674
German patents (1877–85), 638
Levant (1691), 696
Le Brun’s Cafetiére, 710
Manning’s combined, 637
Martelley’s patent (1825), 699
Moneuse’s urn (1869), 639
Muller’s Art of Making Coffee, 653
Napier-List machine, 700
Parker’s steam-fountain, 705
Platow, 674
Rabaut’s reversed Fr. drip (1822), 623
Savage’s tea or coffee pot (1904), 649
Sené’s, “without boiling” (1815), 623
Still’s steam coffee-maker (1902), 647
Syphon (Napier), 674
Verithing (Summerling’s), 674
White’s urn (1908), 651
Wyatt’s distillation apparatus, 699

Brewing methods,
Abyssinia, 655
American colonies, 708709
Arabia, 658–663695
Australia, 692
Austria, 671672
Belgium, 672
Brazil, 691
Bulgaria, 678
Canada, 686687
Ceylon, 670
China, 670
Cuba, 692
Denmark, 678
England (1662), 696;
(1722), 697;
(19th cent.), 704–707
Europe, 670–686
(19th century), 704–708
Finland, 678
France, 678–683
(1669), 696;
(1711–1812), 696–698;
(19th cent.), 707708
Buc’hoz’s recipe, 708
Germany, 684685
Great Britain, 672–678
Greece, 685
India, 670
Italy, 686696
Japan, 670
Java, 670
Levant (1691), 696
Martinique, 692
Mexico, 687
Netherlands, 686
New Orleans, 689690
New York, 690
Hotel Ambassador, 691
Waldorf-Astoria, 690691
New Zealand, 692
Oriental, early, 31694695
Paris, 670
Panama, 692
Persia, 670
Philippines, 692
Portugal, 686
Scandinavia, 686
Roumania, 686
Russia, 686
Servia, 686
Spain, 686
Switzerland, 686
Turkey, 31665667668
U.S., 687691709–723
Jabez Burns’ method, 712
Vienna, 670671672

Brewing process
Goldsworthy’s (1920), 702

Brews, Composition of, 721

Brief and merry history of Englandq.77

Brief description, etc., Apamph.ill.7071

Briggs, James H., 477

Briggs & Meehan, 477

Brillat-Savarin, 565;
q.557697

Brisbane, v.316

British E. India Co., 7582106601

British Pharmaceut. Codexq.183

Broadbent, Humphrey, q.293618697

Broadhurst, (tenor), 582

Broad-side Against C., A; or, the Marriage of the Turkq., ill.6970

Broad-sides and pamphlets, 586061646668697172432433434

Brock, J., 503

Brokers
Abyssinia, 308310
Arabia, 310312
New York, 336337
(see also Dealers, wholesale)

Bronson, Jr., A.E., pat.647

Bronson, Zenos, pat.245

Bronson-Walton Co., 647

Brougier, pat.167

Brown, Agnes, 526

Brown, Arthur W., 482

Brown, James, 497

Brown, Tom, q.75572574

Brown & Jones, 497

Brown & Scott, 497499

Brownejohn, William, chk.118

Browning, Charles H., q.126

Bruce, James, q.693

Bruckman & Co., L., 496

“Bruderherz” (Kolschitzky), 51

Bruff, Sr., Thomas, pat.468621

Brûleau, Café, 106

Bruning, William H., pat.653

Bruno, Bishop Joachim, 9

Bubonic-plague boom (1899–1901), 529

Bucararamangas (c.), 348364

Buck, John H., q.607

Buckeye (brand), 470

Buc’hoz, Pierre Joseph, q.708

Budan, Baba, 5225

Budenbach, T.O., 497

Budgell, 576578

Buds, beverage from, 694

Buffon, 98

Buitzenzorg c., 355373

Bukabensis, C.146

Bulfinch, Charles, 113

Bullard & Co., C.G., 485

Bullata, C.hyb.140

Bulson, A.E.J., q.182

Bun, 1312

Bun safi (cleaned beans), 266

Buna, 41

Bunca, 1225

Buncha, 12

Bunchum, 111225

Bunchy, 38

[Pg 773]Bunge, Edouard, 532534

Bunn, 3121735

Bunn, El, 662

Bunnu, 2538

Burbank, Luther, 161

Bureaus
Bus. research (see Harvard)
Chemistry, U.S., 144

Burke, Edmund, 81574

Burke, Richard, 573574

Burman, q.183

Burmester, H.W., 488

Burn, J.H., q.62

Burns, A. Lincoln, 526527;
q.391394

Burns, George, chk.121

Burns, Henry, 508

Burns, Jabez., 494496630;
biog.517526;
d. (1888), 526637;
pat.469634644645;
q.634635636637712
Starts Spice Millper.470

Burns, Jabez (Mrs.), 526

Burns Jr., Jabez, 526527

Burns, Robert, 526527;
pat.647652

Burns, William G., 526527;
pat.652653

Burns & Brown, 495

Burns & Sons, Inc., Jabez, 526

Burr, Aaron, 123

Burstone mills, 637

Burton, Robert, 543557;
q.1338

Bush Terminal Stores, ill.322

Bute, Lord, 572

Butler, Dr., q.179

Butler, Earhart & Co., 469508

Butler, Crawford & Co., 508

Button, chk.575578

Buying
Abyssinia, 308310
Arabia, 310312
Brazil, 303–308
Netherlands E. Indies, 312

Buying and selling green c., 303–312

Byerly, Thomas, 585

Byerley, Sir John, 585

Cabarets à caffè, 33
(See also Coffee houses)

Cabarrus, E.T., 538

Cable-break panic (1884), 528

Cadwallader, pseud.581

Café
à la crème, 708
à la minute, 708
au lait, 691696
avec beurre, 683
bonifleur (Guadeloupe), 257
brûleau, 106
complet, 683
con léche, 691
de luxe (Guadeloupe), 257
en parché (Guadeloupe), 257
en pergamino (grade), 261
filtré, 675
gloria, 683
mazagran, 92655682
melangé, 671
nature, 683
sultan, 658
sultane, 694

Café, Theper.34

Café, literary, artistic, and commercial, Theper. (French), 34

Caféier et le Café, Le, Jardin, ill.q.261431 3233629

Cafés
Berlin
Admiral’s, 684
Bauer, ill.684
Des Westens, 684
“Groessenwahn”, 684
Josty’s, 684
Kranzler’s, ill.684
Victoria, 684
Hague, The
St. Joris, 686
London
Gatti’s, ill.675677
Kardomah (chain), 675
London Café Co., 674
Monico, ill.675677
Nero, 674
Pioneer, 677
Popular, 675677
Ritz, 678
Trocadero, 657
Naples
Toledo, 686
New York
Fleischmann’s, 690
Paris
Paix, de la, 683
Prévost, 683
Régence, de la, 683
Venice
Florian’s, 686
(See also Coffee housesHotelsRestaurantsTaverns)

Cafés chantants (see Coffee houses)

Caffè, 3

Caffè, Il, Belli, 549

Caffè, Il (almanac, 1829), 558

Caffè, Ilper., (1764–66), 30558

Caffè, Ilper., (1850–52), 558

Caffè, Ilper., (1884–89), 558

Caffè Pedrocchi, Ilper., (1885), 558

Caffearine, 159

Caffein, 159161162166167175176179182437711718721
Analyses for, 172
Chaff contains, 708
Harmless in moderation, 717
Hollingworth’s experiments, 187188
Loss in roasting, 167
Physiological action, 183–188
Robusta, C.145
Solubility, 160

Caffein content (C. arabica), 161

Caffein-free c., ill.142404
Artificial, 161162163721
Natural, 161162721
Varieties, 147

Caffetannic acid, 158159166174721
Analysis for, 173
Lead number, 514
Misnomer, 716718719
Physiological action, 182

Caffinets (see Coffee houses)

Caffeol, 163164719720
Physiological action, 183

Caffeone, 163

Cage, R.H., 505

Cage & Drew, 505

Cage, Drew & Co., Ltd., 505

Cahoa, 12

Cahouah, 15

Cahove, 91

Cahua, 138

Cahue, 12

Cahve, 31

Cahwa, 45

Caleb, Negus, 5

Calkin, Benjamin H., pat.652702

Calorific value of c., 180

Calvados, 682

Campaigning with Grant, Porter, q.563

Campbell (chemist), q.163

Campbell, chk.576

Campbell, Charles, 482

Campbell’s Lives of the Lord Chancellorsq.570

Campen, Christopher, q.12

Canadian Bank of Commerce, 488

Canby, Edward, 509

Canby, Frank L., 509

Canby, Ach & Canby, 508509

Candle, Sales by, 571

Canephora, C.
Botanical description, 145
Caffein content, 161
Ceylon, 236
Java, 216
Varieties, 146

Cannon & Co., F., 485

Canova, 2829

Cans (see Containers)

Cantatas
Bach’s, q.ill.595–599
Fuzelier’s, music by Bernier, q.594

Cantino, Cesare, 549

Caouhe, 2

Caova, 22641

Caphe, 138

Capodimonte c.-pot, 607

Capitazias, 306
(See Porthandling charges)

Capuchin, Café, 683

Caracanda Frères, 338

Caracas c., 348364

Caracol (grade), 261

Caracollilo (grade), 264

Caramel in c., 718

Carazo, Padre, 225

Carbohydrates, 165

Cardamom in c., 657696709

Caret, q.555

Carey, 80576

Carey & Co., 480

Cargoes
Damaged, 321322
Record (Brazil to U.S.), 315316

Carhart & Bro., 482

Carit & Co., S.A., 487

Carjat, 103

Carmen Caffaeum, Massieu, q.543–547

Carne, John, q.668–670

Carnegie, Andrew, 521

Carpenter, Samuel, 126

Carr, Chase & Raymond, 501

Carret & Co., J.E., 340

Carruthers, 549

Carson & Co., W.K., 485

Carte, D’Oyly, 678

Carter, James, pat.469

Carter, James W., 494;
pat.q.629

Carter Bros. & Co., 507

Carter, Macy & Co., 480

Carter, Mann & Co., 501

Cartons (see Containers)

Casanas, Ben. C., 503513535;
q.415

Case, Howard E., 496

Caseneuve, pat.623699

Casilla (grade), 261

Castel, q.548

Castle Bros., 488

Caswell, George W., 505506

Caswell Co., George W., 506

Catalog, Hudson-Fulton Celebrationq.607609

Catalogue of the Rarities to be seen at Adam’s559

Catalogue of Traders’ Tokens, Burn, q.62

Catch crops, 203

Cauchois, Frederick A., 498701;
pat.472645649651

Cauphe, 38

Cavanaugh, Rearuck & Co., 502

Cave, 31

Caveah, 2

Cavee, 26

Cavekane, 32

Cazeneuve, q.159

Celebes c., 355374

Centlivre, Susannah, q.554

Central American coffee
San Francisco’s fight for trade, 489–491

Central Americans (c.), 347359–361

Certified Java and Mocha (brand), 524

Ceylons (c.), 351352370

Chaa (tea), 35

Chabert, Josephine, 518

Chabraeus, 543

Chaff
Removal deprecated, 714
Rich in caffein and aroma, 708

Chain-stores, 415417418

Chamber of Commerce (New York), 119120

Chamberlain, George A., q.563

Chamberlain, Orville W., pat.652

Chamberlaine, John, q.432

Champmeslé, 91

Champney, Elizabeth W., q.563

[Pg 774]Chaouah, 1235

Chaova, 41

Chapin, Harold, 556563

Chapman, D.J., 501

Chapman, J.W., pat.649

Character of a coffee house, The (broadside) q.66–68

Characteristics
Complete reference table, 358–378
Governing influences, 156
Green and roasted, 341–378
Leading growths (chart), 191

Charcoal, C. classed as, 20

Charles II, 20415971727482109554
Proclamation against c. houses, 73

Charlet, 593

Chase, Caleb, 501

Chase & Co., Geo. C., 499

Chase & Sanborn, 435470471485498501

Chase, Raymond & Ayer, 501

Chatfield-Taylor, H.C., q.556

Chatterton, Thomas, 808588

Chattopádhyáya Virendranath, q.12

Chaube, 22541

Checking the roast, 387391

Cheek, Joel O., 509513515

Cheek-Neal Coffee Co., 443509

Cheek, Norton & Neal, 509

Cheetham, Jr., William H., 501

Chelsea bunhouse (London), 560

Chemical analysis
Bean, 171–173
Beverage, 714

Chemistry, 155–173
U.S. Bureau of, 338391396

Cheribon c., 355373

Chess in c. houses, 9698104

Chesterfield, Lord, 576

Chesterton, Gilbert K., 553

Chestnut, q.155

Chevalier, Aug., 142

Cheyne, George, q.59

Chiapas c., 345358

Chibouk, 663

Chicago Liquid Sack Co., 471

Chicago Theatre Society, 555

Chicory
Botanical description, 170
Chemical analysis, 170
Extracts of c., use in, 109
First use (Holland, 1750), 170
Introduced into U.S. (1785), 468
Microscopic exam., 152153
Substitute for c., 46

Chicory in coffee, 404
France, 678
Great Britain, 673
Paris and Vienna, 670671
Scandinavia, 686

Children, effect on, 177178

Childs (grocer, St. Louis), 631

China & Java Export Co., 488

Chlorogenic acid. 718719

Choate, Joseph H., 690

Chocolate
Discovery of, 12
Introduction into North Am., 106
Prices, London (1662), 59
Sold in London (1657), 56
Sold in London c. houses, 41617880

Chocolate Cream (brand), 441

Chocolate houses (see Coffee houses)

Chocolate pots, 609

Cholera, effect on, 181

Chops
Brazil, 306
New York, 321

Chréstomathie Arabe, de Sacy q.217663

Christian beverage, 26

Chronology, A coffee, 725–737

Chubuck & Saunders, 508

Churchill, 579580

Churchill & Co., Frederick A., 502

Cibber, Colley, 579;
q.575577

Cinnamon in c., 105696709

Cinnamon roast, 388

Cincinnati, Society of the, 120

Cincinnati Spice Mills, 503

Cipriani, 84583

City, Theq.86

City Coffee Works, 492

City Directory, New York (1848, 1854), q.494
(1861) q.496

City Dock Co. (Santos, Brazil), 303

City roast, 388

Clarification, 704705

Clark, Ammi, pat.625

Clark, Charles A., 506514

Clark & Host Co., 506

Clarke Bros. & Co., 508

Clay bowls, 616

Cleaning machinery, 246248257383385
Hungerford’s patents, 644

Clearing Ass’n, N.Y. Exch., 331335

Clearwater, Judge, 609

Clement VIII, Pope, 26

Climate, Best for c., 198

Closset, Emile, 507

Closset, Joseph, 507

Closset & Devers, 507

Closset Bros., 507

Cloves in c., 696709

Clubs
Boston
First, 111
Merchants, 111
London
Court de Bone Compagnie, 60
Evolution of, 75
Hanover, 577
Literary, 583
London coffee-house
Bread Street, 60
Devil Tavern, 60
Friday Street, 60
Mermaid Tavern, 60
Rota, 5960583
Turk’s Head, 81
Turk’s Head Society, 583
White’s, 87
New York
Coffee House, 690
South America, 690
Phila., supersede c. houses, 130

Clubs and Club Life in London, Timbs, q.570–585

Coal roasting, 385386

Coarse (see Grinds)

Coated c. Rulings (U.S.) against, 337

Coatepec c., 345358

Coating, 166396
Condemned by N.C.R.A., 513
Reasons for, 170

Coatzacoalcos c., 345358

Coava, 36

Cobáns (c.), 347359

Cobbett, William, q.561562

Cochrane, q.185

Cocoa, first used in Europe, 25

Coffa, 23638

Coffalic acid, 719

Coffao, 2

Coffe, 2

Coffee, Keable, q.181182

Coffee, A short historical account of, Bradley, 42

Coffee and Repartee, Bangs, q.564565

Coffee Book, Theq.714

Coffee cantata, Bach, 46

Coffee Club (U.S.), 453

Coffee Club, Theper.q.177

Coffee from Plantation to Cup, Thurber, q.182712

Coffee Grinding and Brewing, N.C.R.A., 715

Coffee house, most beautiful, 599

Coffee house, The (comedy) Rosseau, 88

Coffee house, The new and curiousper45

Coffee house or newsmongers’ hall, (broadside), 6869

Coffee-house keepers, London
Proposed newspaper monopoly, 74
Tokens, ill.56627489582602603

Coffee houses, 293
Advantages, 72
Algeria, 656
Arabia, 658
Augsburg, first (1713), 45
Berlin
Arnoldi, 45
City of Rome, 45
English, 45
Falck’s (Jewish), 45
First (1721), 45
Miercke, 45
Royal, 45
Schmidt, 45
Widow Doebbert’s, 45
Boston, 108–113
American, 108111
Auctions held in, 112
British, 108
Crown, ill.108
Exchange, 112113
First, 108
Green Dragon, ill.109110111
Gutteridge, 108
London, 108116467
North-End, 112
Royal Exchange, 112
Stage coaches start from, 110112
Washington, 110
Brazil, 691
Cairo, number (17th century), 26
Chicago
Exchange, 106
Lake Street, 106
Washington, 106
Constantinople, 663–667
Prices (1554), 19
Damascus, 668–670
First, 19
Gate of Salvation, 19
Roses, 19
Egypt, 656657
England
First (1650), 4153
Decline, 75
Ordered suppressed, 7273
Proclamation by Charles II, 73
Proclamation rescinded, 73
Europe, first, 27
Exeter (Devon)
Mol’s, 42
France, 33682684
Germany, 683684
First (1675), 45
Hamburg, first (1675), 45
Italy, 2728
First, 27686
Leipzig, first (1694), 45
London, 53–89
Adam’s (and museum), 559560
Baker’s, 87
Baltic, 87
Batson’s, 78
Bedford, 808488576579580
Blue Hall, 575
Bowman’s, 83
British, ill.7986
Button’s, ill.80818384570575576577578579593
Caledonien, ill.84593
Chapter, 788088582
Child’s, 7888560582
Cocoa-Tree, 787987560
Decline of, 61628182674675
Dick’s, ill.8788555572
Dish of Coffee Boy, ill.603
Don Saltero’s, ill.808688558
Museum, 559
Edinburgh Castle, 75
Farr’s, 54
Fire of 1666, 6162
First (1652), 425354293
Folly (house-boat), 89
Garraway’s (or Garway’s) ill.56778083561570571572
[Pg 775]Gaunt’s, 588
George’s, 584585
Giles’s, 560
Grecian, ill.61778085560584
Groom’s, 572
Hamlin’s, 78
Jacob’s, 42
Jamaica, 83
Jenny Man’s, 560
Jerusalem, 88
Joe’s, 571
Jonathan’s, 88554560572
Little Man’s, 7988
Lloyd’s, ill.758085572
London 88582
Man’s, 6188
Miles’s, 583
Nando’s, 8088572585
New England and North and South American, 88
New Lloyd’s, 86
New Man’s, 88
New Slaughter’s, 84
News centers, use as, 77
North’s, 78
Number (1715), 74
Old Man’s, 777988
Old Slaughter’s, 84
“On the Pavement”, 583
Rosée’s, 42
Peele’s, 8088585
“Penny universities”, 3
Percy, 89585
Piazza, 8089581
Piazza coffee room, 580581
Rainbow, 627789572
Read’s, 74
Red Cow, 83574
Robins’s, 63
Robinson’s, 570
Rochford’s, Mrs., 79
Rose, 84574
Royal Swan (and museum), 559
Second, 54
Shakespeare, 84
Slaughter’s, ill.808485580583584593
Smyrna, 798089573
Squire’s, 86
St. James’s, 7578798088558560562573574588
Stone’s, 675
Thomas’s, 84
Tiltyard, 78
Tom King’s, 89581
Tom’s, ill.8085575576579580593
Turk’s Head, 5659808189582583
Turk’s Head, Canada and Bath, 583
Virginia, 83
Welch (Daniels), 78
White’s, ill.7987558587588
Burned (1733), 587
Widow Hambledon’s, 575
Williams’s, 78
Will’s, 77798083558560574575588
Young Man’s, 787988
Marseilles, first (1671), 32
Mecca
Opposition, 17
Relicensed, 18
Milan
Demetrio, 30
Netherlands, 44686
New England, 107–113
New Orleans, 106
New York, 115–124
Auctions held at, 118
Bank, 121124
Burns, ill.117121
City, 119
Civic forums, use as, 115117118120
Directory, use as, 120
Double R., 690
Exchange, 118119
Exchange coffee room, 120
Exchanges, use as, 117118119120123
First (1696), 116
Decline, 123
Gentlemen’s Exchange, 118
Keen and Lightfoot’s, 120
King’s Arms, ill.116117118121467
Merchants, ill.115118119122123593
Birthplace of Union (1774), 474
Congress of Deputies Suggested, 120
Memorial tablet (1914), 473474
Organizations meeting therein, 120
New, 117,118
New England and Quebec, 121
New York, 120
Pequot, 611
Social centers, use as, 115
Tontine, ill.120121123593
Whitehall, 121
Nuremburg, first (1696), 45
Oxford
Jacob’s, 4153
Jobson’s, 41
Tillyard’s, 41
Padua: Pedroechi, ill.2930599
Paris, 91–104
Alcazar d’Hiver, 98
Anglais, 103
Bonnard’s, 98
Beauvilliers’, 102
Chartres, 102
Chat Noir, 104
Concert du XIX Siécle, 98
Concert Européen, 98
Des Mille Collonnes, ill.99
Development of, 9496
Durand, 104
Dutch, 103
Eldorado, 98
English, 103
Février’s, 102
First (1672), 291670
Folles Bobino, 98
Foy, ill.97100
Gaieté, 98
Grand Commun, 102
Gregory’s, 93
Guerbois, 104
Laurent, 103554
Lefévre’s, 96
Le Gantois’s, 93
Littéraire, 103
Madrid, 103
Magny’s, 9496102
Maire’s, 103
Maison Dorée, 103
Makara’s, 93
Maliban’s, 93
Mapinot, 102
Massé’s, 102
Méot’s, 102
Momus, 100
Number of, 93
(1843), 94
Paix, de la, 103
Pascal’s (Fair of St. Germain), 3392
Paris, ill.101103
Procope, ill.949598566
Rambuteau, 98
Régence, 9698
Riche, 103104
Rocher de Cancale, 104
Rotonde, 100102
Royal Drummer, ill.94
Stephen’s, 93
Terre’s, 103
Tortoni, 103
Tour d’Argent, 94
Trois Frères Provençaux, 102
Vachette, 102
Venua’s, 102
Véry, 102
Voisin, 103
Persia, 21
Philadelphia, 125–130
Decline of, 130
Exchange (proposed), 130
Scene from Hamiltonill.556
Exchanges, use as, 128
First (1700), 126
James, 127
London, ill.125126
Slave auctions, ill.128
Sunday closing, 129
Swearing, gaming, etc., prohibited, 128
London (2nd), ill.127
Merchants, 125129130
Roberts’, 127
Social centers, use as, 125130
Ye coffee house, 125126467
Post-office, use as, 126
Portugal, 686
Regensburg: first (1689), 45
Santo Domingo, first (1738), 34
Spain, 686
St. Louis: Leonhard’s, 105
Stuttgart: first (1712), 45
Turkey, 32663–670
Closed, 20
Reopened, 21
United States (1700), 708
Venice,
Abbondanza, 28
Angelo Custode, 28
Arabo-Piastrelle, 28
Arco Celeste, 28
Aurora Plante d’oro, 28
Buon genio-Doge, 28
Coraggio-Speranza, 28
Dame Venete, 28
Ducca di Toscana, 28
Florian, ill.272829555
Fontane di Diana, 28
Imperatore Imperatrice della Russia, 28
Menegazzo, 28
Orfeo, 28
Pace, 28
Pitt. l’eroe, 28
Ponte dell’ Angelo, 27
Quadri, 28
Redentore, 28
Re di Francia, 28
Regina d’Ungheria, 28
Spaderia, 27
Tamerlano, 28
Venezia trionfante, 28
Vienna, 671672
Blue Bottle, 50590
First, 51590
Kolschitzky’s, 50
Mosee’s, Franz, 51
Number of (1839), 52
Sacher, 50
Schrangl, 671

Coffee houses vindicatedpamph.q.7172

Coffee, Its History, Cultivation and Uses, Hewitt, 480

Coffee kings
First (Germany), 47
(U.S.), 517
Last (U.S.), 518

Coffee-makers’ guild of Vienna, 51

Coffee man’s granado, The (Broad-side), 66

Coffee palaces (see Coffee-houses)

Coffee Pep (brand), 539

Coffee pots (see Service)

Coffee Roaster & Mill Mfg. Co., 497

Coffee Roasters Traffic and Pure Food Association, 473

Coffee rooms (Norway), 686

Coffee scuffle, The (broadside), q.64

Coffee shops (houses), London, 674

Coffee-smellers (Germany), 47

Coffee, tea, and chocolate, Concerning the use of, Dufour, 34

Coffee, tea, and chocolate, The manner of making, Dufour, 34

Coffee tree, Kentucky, 564

Coffee water (rosa-folis), 695

Coffey, 41

Coffi, 2

Cognac in c., 106686

Cogollo & Co., 34

[Pg 776]Coho, 1238

Cohoo, 2

Cohove, 91

Cohu, 2

Coit & Son, Henry, 476

Coke roasting, 385386

Colaux & Cie, pat.625

Cole & Son, Stephen, 476

Coles Manufacturing Co., 472646

Colet M.H., q.594

Colgate, Charles C., 492

Colgate, Samuel, 492

Collection of Voyages and Travels, Aq. 23

Collins, William, 580

Coloring substances, 170

Colombians (c.), 348–350363364

Colpani, 558

Columbia University, 186

Columbian Centinelnewsp.q.434

Columnaris, C.hyb.140

Comité Français du Café, 445

Commaille, q.165

Commercial Ass’n, Santos, 314

Commercial coffee chart, 191

Commercial Coffee Co., 478

Commercial Organic Analysisq.159

Commissario, 303304305306312491

Commissions
New York, 334336
Santos, 304

Committee of Correspondence, 120474

Committee of One Hundred (1774), 120

Commonwealth and c., 5459

Competition, retail, 426

Complet, Café, 683

Compton (Bishop of London), 570

Condorcet, 94

Confectionery, C., 695

Confessions, Rousseau, 102

Congensis, C.147

Congensis var. Chalotii147

Congensis × Ugandæhyb.146

Congo, Belgian, c., 353377

Congo coffee, caffein content, 161

Congress of Deputies, 120

Conkling & Lloyd, 476

Con léche, Café, 691

Connoisseur (London), per.q.579

Conopios, Nathaniel, 404143

Conquest of Granada, Dryden’s (censured by Rota), 60

Conrad & Co., J.H., 502

Consolidated Coffee Co., 508

Consortium of 1868, 476

Constantine, George, chk.6184584
(See Jennings, George)

Constantinople, Illustrated, Walsh, q.663664

Constantinople in 1657, Relation of a Journey to, Rolamb, q.23

Constantinople, Old and New, Dwight, q.664–667

Constituents of c., Valuable, 693

Constitutional Antiquities of Sparta and Athens, Gilbert, q.40

Consumo (grade), 261

Consumption, 285–302
Argentina, 279286287291
Australia, 286287291
Balkan States, 290
Belgium, 285287
Canada, 286287
Chile, 286287291
Colombia, 278
Cuba, 286287291
Denmark, 287290
Europe (19th Century), 295296
Federated Malay States, 284
France, 285287290
Average annual, 678
Germany, 285287290
Great Britain, 285287
Guiana, French, 279
Italy, 285287290
Mexico, 280
Netherlands, 285287290
New Zealand, 285287291
Norway, 287290
Peru, 278
Portugal (1919), 290
Russia, 285287291
Salvador, 280
San Francisco, 487
Scandinavia, 285290
Spain, 285287290
Sweden, 287290
Switzerland, 285287290291
Table of World, 287
Tea and c. comparisons, 288289
Union of South Africa, 286287291
United States, 106285287288293294
Popularity explained, 106
Prohibition; effect on, 689
World-war; effect on, 297
Venezuela, 278

Consumption per capita
Foreign countries, 288–290
Groix, Island of, 176
Tables, 288
United States, 298299476
Methods of computing, 302

Containers, 402–404408–412470471
First paper and tin-end, 471
First strawboard (1881), 471
Leather bags, greased (1710), 620
Pots of various sizes (1790), 491492
Standardizing, 410
Vacuum, 471

Conti, Prince de, 590

Contracts, 329331
Cost-and-freight, 513515
In-store, 331
N.Y. Exchange, 333–335
To arrive, 335

Controversies
England, 64–74
Commercial, U.S., 438
Medical, Eng., 5859
Political, Eng. (1666–72), 727376
(See also OppositionCoffee houses)

Conway, Charles, 499

Cooling, 381636641

Cooling machinery, 394395

Cooling machines
Burns’s flexible-arm, 652653
Emmerich automatic (1897), 639
German patents (1877–85), 638
Grohens’s rotary, 646

Cook, O.F., q.202223

Cooper, Charles, q.675

Cooper, Cornelius, 492

Cooper, L.S., 495

Cooper & Co., Nathaniel, 476

Coorg c., 351379

Copha, 1238

Cophie, 5658

Cophy, 56

Coppée, François, 565

Cordoba c., 347358

Corinchies c., 355371

Corner in Coffee, The, Brady, 563

Corners
Arnold’s (1869–1881), 517518
Blanco’s (1895), 529
Kaltenbach’s (1891–92), 476529
United States (1901), 530

Corn-poppers for roasting, 635

Correa & Sons, F.A., 338

Corbett, Barney, 503

Corbett & Heekin, 503

Corbin, May & Co., 485

Corinna (Mrs. E. Thomas), 575

Cornell & Smith, 508

Cost card for roasters, 392

Cost analysis, 407408
Retail, 418

Cost and freight brokers, 336337

Cost and profits, retail, 426427
Chart 428

Costa Ricas (c.), 348361

Coste, Felix, 448457514

Cotovicus, 32696;
q.20

Cottraux, E.P., 505

Cottrell, 496

Couha, 2

Couguet, Dr. A., q.26

Coventry, Sir William, q.72

Cowha, 2

Cowha, 2

Cowper, William, 88557;
q.550572

Cradle of Am. liberty, 293

Cramer. P.J.S., q.133138140142144146147345

Crampton, G.E., 501

Crawford, Thomas A., 505

Crawley, Edwin, pat.642

Cream in c., 399698

Crébilon, 94

Credit policy, retail, 428429

Creighton, Clarence, 477

Creighton & Ashland, 477

Creighton, Morrison & Meehan, 477

Creme, Café à la, 708

Crepaux, 708

Cripps, q.602

Crispe, Sir Nicholas, 54

Crocker, Nathaniel, 508

Cromwell, Henry, 575

Cromwell, Oliver, 72

Crooks & Co., Robert, 485

Crooks & Co., Samuel, 501

Cross & Co., C.A., 642

Crossman, George W., 482518519

Crossman, W.H., 482518519

Crossmnn & Bro., W.H., 482484518530

Crossman & Sielcken, 482519521

Crossman-Sielcken contract, 519

Crouse & Co., Jacob, 508

Cruger, Henry, 475

Cruger, John, 475

Crusade (brand), 435

Cubans (c.), 351361

Cucuras (c.), 348349364

Cuchaletto (chocolate), 107
Sold in Boston (1670), 107

Culapius, S., pseud.q.181

Culbreth, q.181

Cultivation, 197–243
Crop maturity, 138
Early, 197
Spread of, 56789
(see also Propagation)

Cultivation (geographical)
Abyssinia, 1
Africa, British Central, 9
Africa, British East, 9
Amazonas (began 1752), 9
Angola, 229
Arabia, 25230231
Began (A.D. 575), 5230
Argentina, 236
Australia, 9238239
Bolivia, 236
Bourbon (Réunion), 9
Brazil, 97475204–208275
Profits (1900), 205
California, Southern, 9
Celebes (began 1750), 9217283
Ceylon, 236237
Begun by Arabs (before 1505), 643
Begun by Dutch (1658), 643
Systematic (1690), 282
Colombia, 208–212
Costa Rica, 9135225280
Cuba, 9231232
Dominican Republic, 232
Ecuador, 230
Federated Malay States, 238
Fiji Islands, 243
France, 6
Guadeloupe, 233234
Guam, 242243
Guatemala, 9135219220
Guiana, British, 235236279
Guiana, Dutch, 235236279
Guiana, French, 235236
Haiti, 9220
Hawaii, 9239241
Honduras, 234
Honduras, British, 234235
Indo-China, French, 9237
India, 59225–227282
Jamaica, 974233
Java, 94374213293
[Pg 777]Liberia, 230
Martinique, 6789233
Mexico, 9220221222280
U.S. interest, 221
Netherlands, 56
Netherlands E. Indies, 6213–217283
New Caledonia, 243
Nicaragua, 227
Panama, 235
Pará, 9
Paraguay, 236
Peru, 236
Philippines, 9241242
Porto Rico, 9222223225
Queensland, 9
Rio de Janeiro, 9
Salvador, 217219279
Santo Domingo, 9
São Paulo, 205–208
South America (first), 279
Straits Settlements, 238
Sumatra, 216217283
Tahiti, 243
Tobago, 234
Tonkin, 9
Trinidad, 234
Uganda, 230
United States, 9
Venezuela, 9212213277
West Indies, 9
Western Hemisphere (first), 294

Cultured (brand), 474

Culver & Geiger, 509

Cumberland, q.573574

Cummings, W.A., 496

Cunningham, 583

Cup of c., or c. in its colours, A (broadside), q.64

Cup-testing, 356357
San Francisco, 487488

Curaçoa c., 351363

Cure-all, 58

Cure for drunkenness, 5861

Curiosities of Literature, D’Israeli, q.41

Curtis & Burnham, 508

Curtis Publishing Co., 441

Cushing, q.179

Customs and Fashions in Old New England, Earle, q.709

Custom-house procedure, New York, 319

Cutler, Benjamin, 492

Cuyler, Philip, 475

C.W. (brand), 441

Cyrill, Patriarch, 4041

da Ponte, Lorenzo, 28

Dagoty, 589590

Dahlman, Henry, 506

Dahlman, John, 506

Daily Post (Lond.), newsp.q.588

Dakin, Elizabeth, pat.633

Dakin, William, pat.633

Dakin & Co., 633

Dakotan, v.316

D’Alembert, q.3

Dally, Gifford, 128

Dana, John Cotton, q.712

Dancourt, q.554

Daney, Sidney, q.8

Daniel, chk.78

Dannemiller, A.J., q.409
Coffee-selling chart, 409

Dannemillers & Co., 484

Danton, George Jaques, 9498

Danvers’ Lettersq.2

d’Argenson, De Voyer, 594

Dark roast, 356387

Darouf (Arabian bale), 266

d’Arvieux, Chevalier, q.2

Dash, Bowie, 479497527

Dash, J. Bowie, 497

Dash & Co., Bowie, 469477528

Dater, Henry, 482

Dater, Philip, 482

Dater & Co., Philip, 482

Dauchet, 554

Daudet, Alphonse, 103

Daughty, Charles, M., q.661–663

Daugleish, Dr., 677

Dauphine of France, 600

Davenant, Sir William, 80576

Davenport & Morris, 485

David, 13

Davies, Tom, 567568

Davies & Co., John L., 502

Davies & Co., Ltd., Theo. H., 488

Davis, S.L., 499

Davis & Co., Noah, 501

Dawson, August T., q.711712

Dayton & Co., 480

Dayton Spice Mills, 443

Dayton Spice Mills Co., 508

De Belloy, Jean Baptiste, inv.94621622697698

de Boze, q.543

de Bussy, Th. Roland, q.656

de Chirac, 6

de Clieu, Mathieu Gabriel, 678233550
Memorial to, 9
Verses about, 8
Voyage to Martinique, 67

De Constantinople à Bombay, Lettres, Della Valle, q.12

de Coverley, Sir Roger, 86

De Fremery & Co., 488

de Goncourt, Jules, 102103

de Gourcuff, O., 557

de Jour, Rouillé, 8

de Jussieu, Antoine, 6

De la Café, de Gourcuff, 557

de la Motte, Houdard, 554

De Lancey house, New York, 121

de Lannay, Count, 47

de Laval, Pyrard, q.2

de l’Écluse, Charles, 31

De Lessert & Co., J.S., 476

De Lima, D.A., 482

De Lima, D.A. & J., 482

De Lima & Co., D.A., 482

De Luxe, Café (Guadeloupe), 257

de Mattei, Natale, pat.653

De Mattia, pat.166

De Mattia Bros., 686

de Maupassant, Guy, 565

de Mere, Mlle., 91

de Monteith, Fulbert, q.22

de Musset, Alfred, 98102565;
q.103

de Noailles, Duke, 567

de Nointel, 542

De Quincey, Thomas, q.562

de Pompadour, ill.588600

de Rabutin-Chantal, Marie, 91

de Sacy, Baron Antoine Isaac Silvestre, 17;
q.2663

De Saluberrimá Cahue seu Café, etc., Nairon, 16

de Santais, Edward Loysel, pat.629

De Sarlo, q.186

de Saxe, Marie-Josephe, 600

de Sévigné, Madame, 91565

de Thévenot, Jean, 3191

de Tournemine, 591

de Wildman, M.E., q.132

Dealers, Wholesale
New Orleans, 486487
New York, 475–482

Dearman, Richard, pat.621

Decaffeinated (see Caffein-free)

Declaration of Independence, 111

Decoction defined, 698

Decreuse, 589

Deep Sea Hotel (Arbuckle’s), 524

Deer Co., A.J., 443472473643646

Defendorf, George, 492

Deffes, 594

Defoe, Daniel, 80;
q.7879

Dehio, 186

del Castillo & Co., Rafael, 340

Delafield, Henry, 476

Delafield, William, 476

Delille, Jacques, q.547

Dell, John C., pat.644

Della Valle, Pierre (Pietro), 543;
q.21227

Delphine, Sr., pat.639

Demidoff, Prince, 103

Democracy, Coffee and, 2021547275293
Am. colonies, 107
Boston, 111
England, 59
France, 100
Italy, 28

Demonstrations, etc., Store, 425

Dennis, 575

Denobe, pat.621

Deodorant, 58180

Department stores, 415

Des Arts & Henser, 476

Des Dames du Temps Jadis, Villon, q.135

Descamps, 591

Desmoulins, Camille, 94100

Desserts, recipes, 723724

Destrée, q.186

Desvignes, pat.157

Detroit Testing Laboratories, 715

Developing point, 389

Deverall, R.R. & A. 501

Devers, A.H., 507

Dewevrei, C.142
Java, 214

Diarrhea, effect of c. on, 181

Diary, Jourdain, q.1

Diary and Correspondence, Evelyn, q.40

Dickinson, Gilchrist, 476

Dictionary, d’Alembert, q.3

Dictionary, d’Arvieux, q.2

Dictionary of Applied Chemistryq.164

Dictionary, New English, Murray, q.1

Dictionary, Universalq.176

Diderot, Denis, 94;
q.9698

Dieckmann & Co., 488

Diefenthaler, Charles E., 497

Diefenthaler, T.F., 497

Dietl, 186

Dietz, F.C., 508

Digestion, effect of c. on, 175177178–180

Diligence (infusion device), 620

Dilworth & Co., J.S., 507

Dilworth Bros., 435507

Dimond & Gardes, 482

Dimond & Lally, 480482

Direct-flame roasting, 386641

Discovery of c. (see Origin)

Diseases and pests, 147148152203204
C.-berry beetle, 203
C.-leaf miner, 147203
Eel-worm disease, 204
Fungoid, 147148203
Hemileia vastatrix148152203
Insects, 203
Leaf blight
Ceylon 203236237282283
Dominican Rep., 281
Hawaii (1855), 241
India, 226
Philippines (1889), 242
Pellicularia tokeroga148
Root disease, 148204
Sphaerostilbe flavida204
Spot of leaf and fruit, 148

D’Israeli, I., 557;
q.41537291

Distillation devices
Napier-List (1891), 639
Napierian (1870), 639
Napier’s vacuum (1840), 637
Wyatt’s patent (1802), 621

Ditson, Thomas, pat.245

Dittman, Charles, 486

Dittman, Jr., Charles, 487

Dittman Co., Chas., 486487

Divination by coffee grounds, 558

Divorce, C. and, 22

Doane & Co., J.W., 482484485

Dolton & Co., Wm., 508

Domestick Coffee Man, Broadbent, q.293697

Dominguez, Andres, 221

Donaldson, 578

Donovan, Prof., q.704

Donmartin, inv.620697

Donns, q.8

Doolittle, q.167

Doran, John, q.705

Dorn, R.H., 505

Dorr, S.H., 535

Dorsay, Benjamin, 468

Dorset, Earl of, 584

Double roasting, 387

[Pg 778]Douglas, James (Bishop of Salisbury), 42543574

Downer, Samuel A., 502

Downer & Co., 501502

Downtown Association, New York, 517

Drake, Samuel Gardner, q.108116

Drake & Co., W.D., 507

Dramatic Literature, C. in, 554–556

Draper & Co., John H., 482

Dressing machinery, 245

Drew, J.C., 505

Drink (see Beverage)

Drinksum (brand), 524

Droste, H.R., 503

Drouais, François Hubert, 589599

Drug stores, C. sold in, 415

Drums (see Containers)

Drupes (see also BotanyFruit), 136

Dry method, 136249251

Dry roast, 389391

Dryden, John, 6077788084574575583584

Drying, 251

Drying grounds, 251254

Drying machinery, 254255

Du Barry, Madame, ill.92563566588

Du Belloy, Archbishop, 697

Du Mont, 543

Du Tour, q.707708

Dubard, Prof., q.147

Dublin Philosophical Journalper.q.704

Ducis, 548

Duehring, Carl H., pat.642

Dufour, Philippe Sylvestre, 34432543557;
q. 211137498

Dugdale, E., 470

Dumant, Pierre Étienne Louis, q.13

Duncan, James, q.59

Duncombe Mfg. Co., F.A., 649

Dunham, Charles A., 508

Dunks, John, 118

Duparquet, L., pat.469639

Duparquet, Huot & Moneuse Co., 639644

Durand, Calvin, 502

Durand, H.C., 502

Durand, H.C. & C., 502

Durand & Co., 502

Durand & Kasper, 502

Durand & Kasper Co., 485

Durant, Nicholas Felix, pat.625634699

Durieux, Elizabeth, 178

Duryee, P.S., q.420

Dutch (see Netherlands)

Dutch New York, Singleton, q.105115125709

Duties, Export
Angola, 268
São Paulo, 315

Duties, Import
Abyssinia, 310
Belgium, removed (1904), 296
England (1692, 1732), 74
United States, 296468
Porto Rico requests, 472
(See also Chronology)

Dwight, H.G., q.664–667

Dwinell, James F., 501

Dwinell & Co., 501

Dwinell, Hayward & Co., 501

Dwinell, Wright & Co., 485501

Dwinell-Wright Co., 501629

Dybowski, C.144
Java, 216

Dybowski × excelsahyb.146

Dyer & Co., 501

Dykes & Wilson, 480

Dymond & Gardes, 486

Eagle Coffee and Spice Mills, 503

Eagle Spice Co., 507

Eagle Spice Mills, 503

Eames, Wilberforce, 474

Earle, Alice Morse, q.709

Early History of Coffee Houses in England, The, Robinson, q.11

East Indies (c.), 350370–374

Eating coffee, 180615655693694

Eccles, William, 475

Eckert, q.164

Eckhardt, pat.167

Ecuadors (c.), 350367

Eddy & Co., L.B., 508

Eder, q.179

Edmond, 102

Edtbauer, P.E. (Mrs. E.), pat.472

Educational exhibits, 715

Edwards, Daniel, 5354459

Edwards, Hugh, 482

Edwards, J.M., 479

Edwards & Co., J.M., 479

Edwards & Maddux, 479

Edwards & Raworth, 482

Edwards, Townsend & Co., 507

Ekelund Charles, 509

Electric motors, 471646

Electric roasting, 386

Electric Scale Co., 471

Electric signs, 443

Elephant (grade), 258

Elers, 604612

Elford, chk.83

Elford, inv.616617

Elford the younger, q.61

“Elixir of life”, 174

Elkington & Co. Ltd., 637639699

Elliott, chk.573

Ellis, Douglas, 557

Ellis, H.D., q.602603604

Ellis Bros., 485

Elmenhorst & Co., 482

Ely & Co., D.J., 480

Ely & Co., D.J. & Z.S., 480

Emerson, E., 501

Emerson, Edward R., q.566

Emmerich Machine Factory and Iron Foundry, pat.638639

Emo, Angelo, 27

En pergamino (grade), 261

Encyclopedia, Diderot, 98

Encyclopedia Britannicaq.11200657

Encyclopedia der Therapieq.185

Encyclopedia of Domestic Economyq.704

Encyclopedia of Practical Cookeryq.710

Engelberg, Evaristo C., pat.247

Engelberg, Huller Co., 247471

Engelhard, Albert, 505

Engelhard, Jr., Albert, 505

Engelhard, George, 505

Engelhard, R.W., 505

Engelhard, Victor H., 505

Engelhard, Jr., Victor H., 505

Engelhard & Sons, Inc., A., 505

English, Dr., q.180

English c.-pots (1714–70), 620621

English Factories in India, Foster, q.2

Ennis, Frank, 515

Ensaccador, 304

Enterprise Coffee Co., 485508

Enterprise Mfg. Co. of Pa., 469471639646

Eoff, Garrett, 612

Epicureper.675

Eppens, Frederick P., 482

Eppens, William H., 482

Eppens, Smith & Co., 482

Eppens, Smith & Wiemann, 482

Eppens Smith & Wiemann Co., 485496499

Eppens Smith Co., 494496499

Eppens-Smith Co., 496499

Erdmann, q.163183

Erecta, C.hyb.140

Esau, 13

Escoffier (chef), 678

Escott, q.87

Esménard, 548;
q.8

Esperanza Coffee Co., 497

Essential oil, 163164

Essmueller Mill Furnish’g Co., 649

Estienne, Jacques, 548

Estrado & Co., Pedro, 340

Établissements Lauzaune (see Lauzaune)

Etherege, Sir George, 569570

Ethridge, Tuller & Co., 508

Etiquette
Arabia, 658–663
Paris (17th century), 91
Turkey, 664–670
(See also Manners and Customs)

Etruscan Coffee Pot Co., 645

Etymology, 12327

“European fiasco” (1888), 529

Evans, pat.158

Evans, David G., 503

Evans, Gwynne, 503

Evans, Richard, pat.624

Evans & Co., David G., 502503

Evans & Walker, 508635

Evelyn, John, q.240

Evening World, New York, q.553554

Ewé, 160

Ewell, q.165

Ex-sailing ships, 316

Excellent Qualities of Coffee and the Art of Making It, The, Rumford, 621622

Excelsa, C.142
French Indo-China, 237
Java, 217

Excelsa × libericahyb.146

Excelsior Mills, 501502

Excelso (grade), 261

Excessive use, effect of, 179

Exchange, Foreign, 336

Exchanges, Coffee, 329–337
Amsterdam, 296491
Antwerp, 296491
Baltimore, 491
Hamburg, 296329491
Havre, 296329491
London, 296491
New York, 329–337471491
Change of name, 474
Clearing Ass’n, 331335
Contract, 321
Functions, 331–338
Incorporated (1881), 471
Initiation fee, 332
Membership, 333
Organized (1881), 528
Reincorporated (1885), 471
Rio gradings, 343
Robusta dealings prohibited, 341
Seats, Sales of, 332333
War-time suspension, 534–537
New Orleans, 491
Rotterdam, 296491
Royal (New York, 1752), 120
San Francisco, 491
Santos, 306308491
Trieste, 296491

Excursions through Asia-Minor, Fellows, q.667668

Experimental gardens (see Gardens)

Exports, 276277
Abyssinia, 228229276284285
Aden (1921), 276
Africa, British East, 276285
Arabia, 282
Borneo, Brit. North, 276284
Brazil, 190275-277295
First (1770), 204
Largest (1906–07), 275
Central America, first to U.S., 469
Ceylon (1741–1900), 283
First (1721), 236
Largest (1873), 237
Colombia, 192276278
Costa Rica, 193276280
Cuba, 233282
Dominican Republic, 194233276281
Ecuador, 276278
Federated Malay States, 284
France (1921), 290
Germany (1920), 290
Gold Coast (1916–17), 276
Grenada (1916), 282
Guadeloupe, 234276282
Guatemala, 192276280
Guiana, 276279
[Pg 779]Haiti, 194276281
Hawaii, 194241276284
Honduras, 276280
India, 276282
Indo-China, French, 237
Jamaica, 193276281
Java, 283294
Leeward Islands, 282
Mauritius, 285
Mexico, 193220276280281
Netherlands, 290
Netherlands E. Indies, 195276283295
New Caledonia, 243
Nicaragua, 276280
Nigeria, 276285
Nyasaland, 276285
Peru, 276278279
Philippines, 242284
Porto Rico, 194222276281
Portugal, 290
Producing countries (table), 276
Réunion, 276285
Salvador, 193276279280
Santos (1900–01), 472
Sarawak, 284
Sierra Leone, 285
Somali Coast (French), 276285
Somaliland, 276285
Straits Settlements, 238284
St. Vincent (1917), 282
Sumatra, 283
Tobago, 282
Trinidad, 282
United States, 301302
Venezuela. 190276–278

Extra (grade), 261

Extracts, Coffee, 169670712
First U.S. trade-mark, 469

Eyre, Henry, 482

Faba Arabica, Carmen, Fellon, 543

Fair-price list (Phila., 1776), 467

Fairy Cup (brand), 539

Fakr-Eddln-Aboubeckr ben Abid Iesi, 543

Fancies (Sumatra), 355

Faneuil Hall, Boston, 612

Faneuil, Peter, 612

Fantasia (grade), 261

Fantastic claims for c., 58433
Advertising, 439

Faris, Charles, 612

Farquhar, q.587

Farr, James, chk.535462

Farrell, C.P., 508

Farrington, Campbell & Co., 508

Fat content in c., 164693715718719
Loss in roasting, 167

“Father of English C. houses,” (Blount), 56

Fatigue, effect of c. on, 186

Fauldier, H., pat.640

Faunce process, pat.160

Faust (brand), 441539

Fauvel, q.176

Fazenda (brand), 445

Fazendas (see Plantations)

Fazendeiros, 258303304

Federal Sugar Refining Co., 123473

Fell & Bro., C.J., 501

Fellon, 543

Fellows, q.667

Fendler-Stüber method, 172

Fenjeyl (see Findjan)

Fenjyn (see Findjan)

Feré, q.186

Fermentation, 254

Fermented (see Flavors)

Ferrari, Mary, chk.118119

Ferris, P.J., 508

Fertilizers
Ashes, 201
Chemical determination, 155156
Coffee pulp, 156

Fertilizing, 202
Salvador, 219

Fiber, crude, 718

Fidelity Trust Co., 112

Fielding, Henry, 8089554579580

Fielding, John, 579

Figueroa, 543

Filter bags, care of, 707714715717

Filter paper, 715

Filtration
Definition, 698
Methods, 715716721
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 718

Filtration devices
Acker’s “percolator” (1905), 701
Baker’s cloth (1902), 647
Beurt’s pneumatic, 705
Blanke’s cloth (1909), 651
Boss (1881), 645
Brain’s vacuum, 705
Caseneuve’s paper (1824), 623
Reversed Fr. drip (1824), 699
Double glass, 637701702
Egrot’s steam cloth, 708
Evans’s tin air-float, 705
Gaudet’s cloth, 623699
Half-Minute, 645
King’s, for restaurants, 651
“Percolator”, 701
Kin-Hee, 646647
Make-Right, 651701
Minute, 645
Napier’s vacuum, ill.637699700
Parker’s pneumatic, 705
Platow’s vacuum glass, 705
Private Estate, 649701
Raparlier’s pocket, 637
Rapid (see Rapid)
Salazar’s steam-pressure urn, 653
Tricolator, 445651652701
Tricolette, ill.654
Tru-Bru, 651701
Vanderweyde’s “continuous”, 637
Wear’s patent, 651

Filtré, Café, 675

Finch, William, q.36

Findjans, 3136616661662

Findlay, Paul, q.421

Fine; Very fine (see Grinds)

Fine Arts, C. in relation to, 587–614

Fines (England), 59

Fin-ion (see Findjans)

Finishing machinery, 396

Finjans (see Findjans)

Fink & Nasse Co., 502

Finney, Samuel, 126

First
Authoritative treatise, 27
Comprenenslve treatise in German, Meisner’s (1721), 46
Description in print, 26
Mention by European, 5541
Printed mention, 2545
America, 105
England, 35
As “Coffe”, 36
Europe, 12
France, 31
Printed treatise, 543
Written mention in Mass. (1670), 107

Fischer, B., 497

Fischer, Benedickt, 634;
biog.497

Fischer, Emil, 160

Fischer, William H., 497

Fischer & Co., B., 443485497499

Fischer & Lansing, 499

Fischer & Lehmann, 499

Fischer & Thurber, 499

Fischer, Kirby & Brown, 497499

Fishback, F.C., 509

Fishback, Frank S., 509

Fishback, John S., 509

Fishback Co., 509

Fisher, George, 497

Fitch & Howland, 484

Fitzgerald, 584

Fitzpatrick, Austin C., 496

Fitzpatrick & Case, 499

Fitzpatrick & Co., A.C., 496499

Flanders, Geo. W., 482491

Flanders & Co., Geo. W., 482

Flannel sack used for infusion, 620

Flasks and Flagons, Saltus, q.552

Flat (see Flavors)

Flat-bean Santos c., 260341342366

Flats, 1st, 2d, 3d (grades), 258

Flaubert, Gustave, 565

Flavoring, Use in, 723724

Flavors, 397

Fleury, pat.640

Fleury & Barker, pat.638

Flint, Austin B., q.176

Flint, J.G., 485506

Flint, W.K., 506

Flint, Wyman, 506

Flint, W. & J.G., 506635

Flint Bros. & Co., 501

Flint Co., J.G., 506

Flint, Evans & Co., 502503635

Floor brokers, 336337

Flora de las Antillas, Tussac, q.8

Florian, chk.2728
(See Francesconi)

Flower, Henry, 126

Flugel & Popp, 502503

Foley, John T., 478

Folger, J.A., 514

Folger & Co., J.A., 488505506509

Folger, Schilling & Co., 506507

Folkes, Martin, 578

Folkingham, 603

Fontenelle, 9498543554;
q.565

Food Administration, U.S.
(See Government Control)

Food and Dietetics, Hutchinson, q.179

Food and Drugs Act, U.S., 404

Food and drugs inspection, 338

Food conservation show, 386

Food use, 136615655693

Food value, 174180711712
U.S. Army, 539

Food Values, Locke, q.180

Foote, Samuel, 8589579580581584

Foote & Knevals, 485

Forbes, A.E., 503;
q.629631

Forbes, James H., 502503629635

Forbes, Robert M., 503510514

Force & Co., W.H., 482

Force & Co., W.S., 482

Force & Co., William H., 484

Formaleoni, Vincenzo, 27

Forrester, George R., 508

Forster, q.159

Forster’s Life of Goldsmithq.573

Forster, E.S., 508

Forsythe & Co., James, 502

Fossi & Co., 340

Foster, q.2

Foster, A.C., 479

Fowler, John A., q.269

Fox, 583

Francesconi, Floriono, 27

Francis, Norman, 492

Franco-American (brand), 441

François, Damame, 34

Frankel, E.M., 716

Frankel, F. Hulton, q.180693

Franklin, Alfred, q.7557

Franklin, Benjamin, 9498126467

Franklin, Samuel, 475

Franklin, Walter, 475

Franklin Tea Warehouse, 503

Fraser, q.179

Fraser, David B., pat.642644

Fraser Manufacturing Co., 644

Frederick the Great, 45;
q. 46

Frederick William I, 45

Fredericq, q.184

Freeman, W.G., q.133

Freight forwarding bureau, 323

Freight rates
Brazil to U.S. (1917–18), 535536
War-time, 338

French Color Prints of the XVIII Century, Salaman, q.589

French Company of the Indies, 9

French Revolution, 100102293

French roast, 356388

Freund, 158

Fricke, E., q.161

Frisbie & Stephens, 507

Frisi, 558

[Pg 780]From Tree to Cup with Coffee, N.C.B.A., q.713714

Fromm & Co., 482

Fruit
Beverages from, 15694
Food use, 15693694

Fry & Co., Henry A., 501

Fryer, q.2

Fuels, 385386
Coal, 620
Electricity, 647648
Gas, 640643
Natural, 642

Full city roast, 388

Full difference, 331

Fullard, William, pat.643

Fulton Mills, 498

Funk, C., q.180

Fustian bag used for infusion, 620

Future of coffee, 585

Futures market (New York), 329

Fuzelier, q.594

G.G. (hall mark; see Garthorne, G.)

Gaa Paa, v.316

Gabriel, Angel, 1523
Legend, 38

Gaffney, Hugh, 497498

Gage, H.N., 505

Gainsborough, Thomas, 84583

Galen, 11

Galla (see Eating coffee)

Galland, Antoine, 31543548557;
q.212162022

Gallienii, C.147
Caffein content, 161

Galt, Herbert, pat.652

Galuppi, 556

Gambetta, 96

Gandais, J.A., pat.625699708

Ganse, John H., 507

Garair (Arabian bale), 266

Gardell, Theodore, 85584

Gardens
Botanical
Amsterdam, 644
Arabia, royal, 34
Paris (Jardin des plantes), 6
Martinique (Jardin Desclieux), 9
Experimental
Bangelan (Java), 138146345
Camayenne (Fr. Guinea), 146
Indo-China, French, 237
Java, 43215
Pleasure (New York), 121123124
Cherry, 124
Contoit’s, 124
New York, 124
Niblo’s, ill.121124
Ranelagh, 124
Sans Souci, 124
Vauxhall, ill.123124
Tea (London), 808283
Adam and Eve, 83
Bagnigge Wells, 83
Bayswater, 83
Canonbury House, 83
Copenhagen House, 83
Cuper’s, 82
Dog and Duck, 83
Highbury, 83
Hornsey, 83
Jews’ Harp, 83
Marylebone, 82
New Spring Gardens, 82
Ranelagh, ill.818283
Spring Gardens, 82
Vauxhall, ill.8182
White Conduit House, 83

Garrick, David, 80818588569574579580583;
q.573

Garrick, David (Mrs.), 579

Garrick, Westphal & Co., S.B., 476

Garrison, C.H., 508

Garrondona, J.L., 340

Garth, Sir Samuel, 576578

Garthorne, Francis, 601

Garthorne, George, 601602

Garway (see Garraway)

Gas roasting, 385386

Gaskell, Mrs., 582

Gasser, M.H., 510511513514

Gastronomy as a Fine Art, Brillat-Savarin, q.557

Gates, H., 505

Gates, John W., 519

Gates & Co., A.B., 508

Gaudet, pat.623699

Gaudron, 543

Gautier, Théophile, 98102565

Gazette, London, newsp.585

Gazette de Franceper.q.8

Gay, John, q.575577

Gee, Edward, pat.634

Geiger, Frank J., 509

Geiger-Fishback Co., 509

Geiger-Tinney Co., 508509

Gelabert, José Antonio, 9

Gemaleddin, Sheik, 16541

Genius fostered by c., 557

Geographical distribution, 189–195

George III, 106117583

George V, 601

George & Co., P.T., 485

Georgi, Theophilo, 45433

Gephart, q.180

Gerard, (French minister), 130

German Trading Co., 527

Germicidal properties, 180

Germination, 5138

Gérôme, Jean Léon, 591656

Ghiradelli & Co., D., 505

Giacomini, Luigi, pat.648

Gibbon, Edward, 81583

Gilbert, Colgate, 494

Gilbert & Co. Colgate, 498

Gillet, Frère, 144

Gillett, A.B., 508

Gilles, E.J., q.408

Gillies, James W., 495;
biog.494

Gillies, Wright, 497;
biog.494

Gillies & Bro., Wright, 494495499

Gillies & Co. Inc., E.J., 495499501

Gillies Coffee Co., 494495499

Gilman, George F., 479485

Gimborn, Theo. von, 638;
pat.639

Glazes and coatings, 170

Glazing
Arbuckle’s patent, 522
Effects, 167
Italy, 686
Machinery, 396

Glines, J.T. & N., 501

Globe Mills, 496497499526

Gloria, Café, 683

Glover, Force & Co., 482

Glyceral as sweetening, 165

Glynn, Martin J., 482

Glynn & Co., Martin J., 482

Godey’s Lady’s Bookper.q.711

Goed Vrouw, v.317

Goetzinger, M.E., q.521

Gold and Silversmiths’ Soc., 609

Golden Gate (brand), 441

Golden Sun (brand), 441

Golden Wedding (brand), 441

Golden West (brand), 441

Goldoni Carlo, 28555588;
q.556

Goldsmith, Oliver, 80818588568574579582584
“Retaliation”, 573

Goldtree, Liebes & Co., 488

Goldsworthy, William G., pat. 702

Goodhousekeepingper.q.175176182

Gomez, Juan Antonio, 9221

Gordon, Douglas, pat.248

Gordon, Fred P., 478

Gordon, G.O., 485486

Gordon, John, pat.246

Gordon & Co., Fred P., 478

Gordon & Co., Geo. O., 486

Gordon & Co., John, 246

Gorter, q.156159160

Gothot, Ferd., 639

Gottlieb, 185

Gould (chemist), q.167168

Gould, George J., 519

Gouverneur, Isaac, 475

Gouverneur, Nicholas, 475

Gourewitsch, q.176

Gout, strange remedy for, 182

Government (brand), 434

Government control, War-time, 338474534–538

Government Monopoly
Java, 213214
Netherlands E. Ind., 44283312

Grace & Co., W.R., 442482488489

Grade, Basic (N.Y. Exch.), 329335

Graders (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Grades, 258
Colombia, 260
Mocha, 351
New York, 329
Porto Rico, 264
São Paulo, 260
U.S. (prohibited), 337

Grading
Brazil, 304306
Hand, 258
Machinery, 246–248258383
Machine (Van Gulpen’s), 638
New York Exchange, 333
Santos, 304

Grafe, q.164

Grafting (see Propagation)

Gragé (see Peaberry)

Graham, q.153

Gram, pat.158

Grand concern of England explainedpamph.72

Grandin, 708

Granger & Co., 508

Granger & Hodge, 508

Grant, U.S., 563

Grassy (see Flavors)

Gray, Arthur, q.552553713

Gray, Louis R., 446

Gray, Thomas, 80

Great American Tea Co., 479499

Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co., 417479485499
Premiums, 429

Great Boom (see Booms), 528529

Great London Tea Co., 435

Greeks of the Present Day, About, q.685

Green, William, 492

Green coffee marks, ill.338340

Green Dragon c. urn, 613614

Greene, Richard A., pat.652653

Greenwood, Paul, 71

Gregory, chk.93

Grenier, Dufougeret, 9

Grever & Bro., 501

Grévy, François Paul Jules, 566

Griebel, q.159

Griffiths & Co., J., 508

Grigor & Co., T.S., 508

Grinding
Arabia, 658–662
Australia, 692
Greece, 685
Household
England, 695696704705
Greece, 685
United States, 711
Steel cut, 714
New Zealand, 692

Grinding and packing, 167168

Grinding machinery, 400–402615–654
Chronology, 643–654
Commercial
Burstone Mills, 637
France, 680
Greece, 685
Household, 615–620
First French patent, 625

Grinding machines
Household
Book’s (1665), 617
Bronson’s patent (1903), 647
Bruff’s patent (1798), 621
Clark’s hand-mill (1832), 625
Colaux’s patent (1829), 625
Dearman’s patent (1779), 621
Electric (first, 1897), 471
First English patent, 634
First U.S. patent, 468621
Herbert’s patent (1848), 634
[Pg 781]Kenrich’s mill (1815), 624
Lacoux’ combined roaster and grinder, 625627
Moore’s mill (1813), 623
Morgan’s glass-Jar mill, 645
Hand mills, 644645
N.C.R.A. Home Mill (1915), ill.652714
Parker’s hand mill (1832), 625
Rittenhouse’s hand-mill, 627
Selden’s hand-mill (1831), 625
Stillman’s “mica window”, 627
Stowe’s hand mill, 644
Strowbridge’s box mill, 644
Turkish combination, 670
Van Vliet’s hand mill, 634
Webb’s box mill (1878), 644
Wilson’s steel mill (1818), 623
Retail
Dell’s store mill, 644
Morgan’s patent (1919), 653
Wholesale
Barbor mill, 637
Burns’s granulator, 637652
Ideal steel-cut mill (1916), 652
Knickerbocker (1882), 645

Grinds, 401402
Coarse and fine compared, 167
Comparative test (1917), 716
Definitions, 714
Greek preferences, 685
Irregular (King’s patent), 167402474716

Griswold, H.F., 502

Grocer helps, 412

Grocers Engineering and Whitmee, Ltd., 640641642

Grocers, Retail, no. in U.S., 415

Grocery stores, 422423
Model c. departments, 415418

Groff & Co., Charles R., 508

Grohens, A.P., 646649

Gros, 589

Gross, March & Co., 479

Grossman, George A., 506

Grossman, William, 506

Grossman & Co., William, 506

Grossman Co., Wm., 506

Groundy (see Flavors)

Growths, French preferences, 680

Gruner, Siegfried, 478

Gruner & Co., 530

Gruner & Co., S., 478

Gruppe, Charles P., 593

Guadeloupes (c.), 350363

Guam c., 355375

Guardian (Lond.), per.80;
q.576

Guardiola, José, pat.247

Guatemalas (c.), 347359360

Guildhall museum, 62602

Guillasse, Dr., q.181

Guineas (c.), 353378

Gump Company, B.F., 474652

Gutteridge, Mary, chk.108

Gutteridge, Robert chk.108

Guy, Francis, 593

G. Washington’s Prepared (brand), 538

Gwynn (architect), 584

Haas, Kalman, 482

Haas Bros, 482488

Haase, Heinrich, 484

Habit-forming: c. is not, 176186

Habitat, 133291

Hacendado Mex. Elq.156

Haciendas (see Plantations)

Hackfeld & Co., Ltd., H., 488

Haddon, q.159

Hadrot, pat.621622699

Haebler & Co., 485

Haehnlen Bros., 508

Haeussler, August, 480

Hagar, 18

Hahnemann, Samuel, q.175

Haimi-Harazi c., 351368

Haitis (c.), 350362

Hakimani, 17

Hakluyt Society, 12

Half difference, 321

Halifax, Lord, 577

Hall, G.M., 502

Hall, I.W., q.184

Hall, Robert (Rev.), 556

Hall & Co., Martin L., 501

Halla, Wm., 488

Halley, Dr., 582

Halligan, T.F., 513

Hallmarks, 601602607

Hals, Frans, 587

Halsey, R.T. Haines, 607609

Halstead, Charles, pat.470644

Hamakua c., 356375

Hamberger-Polhemus Co., 488

Hamill, David B., 509

Hamill, Smith, 509

Hamill & Co., S., 508509

Hamilton Alexander, 130;
duel, 123

Hamilton, Duke of, 572

Hamlin, Mary P., 130;
q.556

Hamor, W.A., pat.406539

Hamsley, M.F., pat.642

Hanauer, Herman, 482

Hanauer, Moses G., 482

Hanausek, q.147159

Handbills, 432–435
First (Rosée’s, 1652), 54

Handbook of Medical Scienceq.182

Handbuch der Physiologieq.177

Hanley, John, 480

Hanley & Co., Geo. F., 508

Hanley & Kinsella, 480

Hanley & Kinsella Coffee and Spice Co., 485502

Hannes, Edward, 572

Harari c., 353376

Harari longberry c., 353

Hard, Anson Wales, 480

Hard & Rand, 477480484
Pacific Mail strs. chartered, 486

Harding, Warren G. (Mrs.), 567

Hare, q.183

Hargreaves, C.F., pat.247

Harkness, q.176

Harley, 573

Harnack, 158

Harper’s Weeklyq.16

Harriman, E.H., 519

Harrington, Elizabeth, 614

Harrington, James, 60

Harris (actor), 574

Harris, Benj., 108

Harris, Samuel L., 492

Harris, Wm. B., 390492716

Harrison, D.Y., 503629

Harrison, W.H., 503

Harrison & Co., W.H., 503

Harrison & Wilson, 503

Harsh Santos c., 341

Hartford Steam Coffee & Spice Mills, 508

Hartwich, q.147

Hart & Howell, 477

Harvard University
Bureau of Business Research 418428

Harvest time, 249250

Harvey, Eliab, 40

Harvey, Gideon, q.58

Harvey, William, 40

Harwood, 581

Hassey, Cornelius, 492

Hatch & Jenks, 508

Hatches, Major, chk.112

Hatfield c. pots, 607

Hatton, Edward, q.54

Haulenbeek, Jr., John W., 497

Haulenbeek, Sr., John W., 497

Haulenbeek, Peter 494497499

Haulenbeek & Co., John W., 497

Haulenbeek & Mitchell, 499

Haulenbeek Roasting & Milling Co., 499

Havemeyer, Henry O., 506521523

Havemeyers, The, 470

Hawaiian c., 355375

Hawk, Philip B., q.177182

Hawkins, Sir John, q.579

Hawkins, Thomas, 505

Hawkins & Thornton, 505

Haworth & Dewhurst, 507

Haydon, 84583

Haye, de la, 31

Hayes, John (and Mrs.), 505

Hayman, 583

Hayward, George W., 508

Hayward, Martin, 501

Hayward & Co., 501

Hazlitt, Carew W., q.28

Hazlitt, William, 557

Heading, 389

Health, Effect on, 174–188
Favorable 23384272557558562
Unfavorable, 3846

Health and longevity through Rational Diet, Lorand, q.182

Heart, Effect on, 181

Hébert, 94

Hedging, 329335

Heekin, Albert E., 503

Heekin, James, 503

Heekin, James J., 503

Heekin, Robert E., 503

Heekin & Co., James, 503

Heekin Co., 503

Heekin Co., James, 503651

Heekin Co., James J., 503

Heekin Spice Co., 503

Hekem, chk.19

Hekteon, q.178

Helen (of Troy), 12

Hellmann Bros. & Co., 487488

Hellsten, q.186

Hemileia vastatrix (see Diseases)

Henckel, James, pat.245

Hendershot, Peter, 508

Henneman, Karel F., pat.639640

Henrici, F.H., 511

Henrion, pat.621

Henry IV, 60

Hentz & Co., Henry, 482

Herald, New York, newsp.q.185

Herald of Healthper.q.181

Herbert, Luke, pat.634

Herbert, Sir Thomas, 12543;
q.38

Herklotz, Corn & Co., 482

Hertford, Countess of, 570

Hess, H.P., 508

Hewitt, Jr., Robert, 557

Hewitt, Jr., Robert C., 480

Hewitt, H.H., 507

Hewitt & Phyfe, 480

Hickey, 574

Hidey (see Flavors)

High roast, 388

Higgins & Co., Geo. W., 501

Hignette, pat.640

Hildreth, A.G., 480

Hill, John (Dr.), 576580

Hill Bros., 471

Hill, Dwinell & Co., 501

Hill & Thornley, 501

Hillis Plantation Co., 501

Hinchman & Howard, 508

Hind, Rolph & Co., 488

Hinkle, Henry, 501

Hinz, F.W., 503

Hippocrates, 1112

Hire Co., Charles G., 539

Hires’ Soluble (brand), 539

Hirsch, q.186

Historia Vitae et Mortis, Bacon, q.38543

History and Antiquities of the City of Boston, Drake, q.108

History and Reminiscences of Lower Wall Street, Wakeman, 478

Historical and chronological deduction of the origin of commerce, Anderson, 72

History of Am. Manufactures, Bishop, q.105115125

History of Literature, Routh, q.561

History (of Phila.), Scharf & Westcott, q.126

Hlasiwetz, q.159165

Hobart Electric Mfg. Co., 646652

Hobart Mfg. Co., 646

Hobson-Jobson, q.12

Hoch, q.186

Hodges, Alderman, 5354

Hodges, Dr., 58

Hodhat, Kadhi, q.663

Hoepner, 472

Hoffman, Daniel H., 505

Hoffman, Lee & Co., 485

Hogarth, William, 8084576578579581583587593

Holbrook, E.F., 539

Holland (see Netherlands)

[Pg 782]Holland, Charles H., 501

Holland Coffee Co., 497501

Hollingworth, H.L., q.176185186
Caffein investigations 187188

Holman & Co., 509

Holmes, F.T., 471472641642;
pat.643

Holstad, S., 509

Holstad, S.H., 514

Holstad & Co., S., 509

Holstad & Co., S.H., 443

Home, Chamberlain, q.563

Home Economics Laboratories, Un. of Kansas, 714

Home, Life of, Mackenzie, q.86

Homer, 12

Homeyer, H.L., 510

Honduras c., 347360

Honey in c., 105

Hookah, 668

Hoole, 575

Hoopes, B.F., 508

Hoover, Herbert, 536537

Hope, G.W., pat.649

Horace, 543

Horn, William L., 509

Horner & Co., Henry, 502

Horter, John, 506

Hotel Astor (brand), 441465

Hotels
London
Cecil, ill.675
Piccadilly, 675
Richardson’s, 576
Sabloniere, 583
Savoy, ill.675677
Tavistock, 580
Waldorf, ill.675
New York
Ambassador, 691
Astor House, 690
City, 121
Waldorf-Astoria, 690691
Philadelphia
Mansion House, 130

Houghton, q.40

Houghton’s collection (1698), q.54

House-boat coffee house, 89

Howard, q.159

Howell, James, 40;
q.58

Howell, Son & Co., B.H., 479

Howells, William Dean, q.548549567

Howland & Aspinwall, 476

Hoyt & Co., W.M., 485502

Huatusco c., 345358

Huber & Stendel, 508

Hubner, pat.162

Hudson, D.D., 507

Hudson, Thomas, 84584

Hudson & Co., H.C., 507

Hudson-Fulton celebration, 607

Hudson Mills, 497

Huestis & Hamilton, 508

Hughes, Charles E., 332

Hugo, Victor, 98565

Hull, John, 607

Hulling machinery, 245246247248255256
Bucket and beam crusher, 260
Costa Rica, 264
First U.S. patent, 245469
Smout’s, 257

Hulls, beverage from, 655658694
(See Husks)

Hulls and pulp, beverage from, 15

Hulman, H., 508

Humboltiana, C.147
Caffein content, 161

Hume (pseud. of Voltaire), 556

Humphrey, chk.121

Humphreys, H.M., 482

Humphry (appr. to Bowman), 54

Hungerford, G.S., pat.644

Hungerford, G.W., pat.644

Hungerford Co., 644

Hunt, Leigh, 550557;
q.562578

Hunt, Mathew, 503631

Huntington, L.M., q.155

Huntley Mfg. Co., 248472642643

Huntoon & Towner, 501

Hurd, Jacob, 612

Husks, beverage from, 26156231
(see Hulls)

Husted, Ferguson & Titus, 482

Hutchins, John, chk.116117

Hutchinson, chk.109

Hutchinson, Edward, 112

Hutchinson, Gov., 109

Hutchinson, Jonathan, q.175177179

Hutchinson, Woods, q.176177180

Hybrids, 138140146236

Hyde, chk.122

Hyde, E.J., pat.634

Hydrolysis, 719

Ibrik, (boiler), 31615656658668695696

Ibriq (see Ibrik)

Iced c., 724

Ichtoglan, 22

Ideals, Coffee, 585

Illustrated History of English Plate, Jackson, q.601602603

Imbusch, J.F.W., 506

Importers
Baltimore (Brazil c., 1894), 485
New Orleans (no., 1900–20), 491
New York, 475–482
Brazil c. (1894), 484
Number (1900–20), 491
Phila. (number 1900–20), 491
U.S., Brazil branches, 304
San Francisco, 487488
Number (1900–20), 491
(See Dealers, Wholesale)

Importing ports
Amsterdam, 327
Antwerp, 327
Baltimore, 482484
Hamburg, 327
Havre, 327
New Orleans, 296482484
New York, 296476482484
Rotterdam, 327
San Francisco, 296482484

Imports
Aden (for re-export), 282
Argentine (1919), 291
Australia, 239291
Austria-Hungary (1913–17,) 290
Ceylon, 282
Chile (1920), 291
Cuba, 281282291
Denmark (1921), 290
Fed. Malay States (1920), 284
Finland (1921), 290
France, 3233290291
Germany (1920), 290
Italy, 290
Martinique, 282
Netherlands, 290294
Early, 4344291
New Orleans, 482484–487
New York (1881), 528
(1900–20), 480484
New Zealand (1920), 291
Norway (1921), 290
Panama, 280
Portugal (1919), 290
San Francisco, 325482484488489
Spain (1920), 290
Straits Settlements (1920), 284
Sweden (1921), 290
Union of So. Africa (1920), 291
United States, 296299–302
Brazil c., 296468475
Early, 468475
First in Am. vessels, 468
Value (1919–21), 299-302
Venice, early, 27

Impotence, C. and, 234671

Inchbald, Mrs., 578

Indiana Coffee Co., 485

Indias (c.), 351369

Indigena, C. (Maragogipe), 345

Indirect flame, 642646

Indo-China c., 352370371

Industrial exhibition (1921), 654

Influence des cafés sur les moeurs politiques, Salvandy, q.100

Influence of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Fatigue, Rivers, q.186

Infusion, defined, 698

Infusion devices
Bencini’s condenser (1838), 625
Biggin (1817), 624699710712
Dakin’s cloth-bag, 633645
Denobe’s pharmacological-chemical (1802), 621699
Donmartin’s flannel sack (1763), 620697
Duparquet’s muslin strainer, 644
Etruscan (1887–88), 645
First French (1711), 696697
Halstead’s china-lined metal, 644
L’Aine’s Diligence (1763), 620
Martelley’s condenser, 624625
Rapid (see Rapid)
Old Dominion (1856), 625710
Rowland’s condenser (1844), 625
Triumph, 699

Ingram, Margaret A., 593

Inner-heated roasting machines, 386

Insomnia caused by c., 176

Inspector, London, per.579

Inspectors at ports of entry
Favored by N.C.R.A., 513

In-store contract, 331

Intellectual drink, The, 566

Intelligenceper.q.59

International Coffee Congress (1902), 472

Internationalized by French, C., 585

Introduction, beverage
Aleppo (1532), 19
American colonies (1668), 708
Arabia, 1112
Austria (1693), 49
Cairo (1510), 16
Constantinople (1517), 19291
Damascus (1530), 19
England (1637), 35–42
Europe (1615), 25–30
France (1644), 31–34
Germany (1670), 45–47
Italy (1615), 2526
London, 58
Marseilles (1644), 31291
Mecca (1470–1500), 16
Medina (1470–1500), 16
Netherlands (1616), 43–44
New York (1668), 115–124
North America (1660–70), 105–113
Oxford (1637), 40
Paris (1657), 3191
Persia, 21
Philadelphia (1682), 125–130
Venice (1615), 25291
Vienna (1693), 49–52

Invisible supply (N.C.R.A.), 514

Ireland, Augustus, 479

Ireland, Sam, 81576578593

Irregular grind, King’s patent, 167402716

Irrigation
Abyssinia, 197
Arabia, 197231
Mexico, 222

Irving, Washington, q.317

Isenberg, Paul, 519

Ishmael, 18

Israel, Leon, 482532

Israel & Bros., Leon, 442482

Italian roast, 356388

Ittel, pat.640

Jackson, Charles James, q.600601602

Jackson, S., 486

Jackson, W.F., 485

Jackson & Co., 499

Jacob, chk.414253

Jacquand, 591

Jaeckle, q.163

Jagenberg Machine Co., Inc., 472

Jalapa c., 345358

Jamaica c., 350362

James, James, chk.127

James, Mrs., chk.127

Jamison, Catherine Arbuckle, 524

Jamison, Robert, 524

Jamison, Wm. Arbuckle, 523524

Janney, Jr. & Co., B.S., 501

[Pg 783]Jardin Desclieux, Inauguration deq.9
Fort de France, 9

Jardin des plantes, Paris, 6

Jardin, Edélestan, q.23614162732557565629695708

Jarvie, James N., 479523524

Java c., 353355373374

Jause, 50

Jay Cooke panic, 527

Jefferson, Thomas, 130

Jeffreys, Judge, 570

Jenkins & Bro., T.C., 507

Jennings, Constantine, chk.61582
(See Constantine, George)

Jewel Tea Co., 417

Jewett & Sherman, 506

Jewett, Sherman & Co., 506

Jobson, Cirques, chk.41

Johns, Benjamin, chk.112

Johnson, James D., 495

Johnson, Life of, Boswell, q.567

Johnson, Samuel, 80818889557567568569574577583585;
q.561

Johnson & Co., Theo. F., 508635

Johnson Automatic Sealer Co., 472

Johnson-Locke Merc. Co., 488

Johnston, Herbert L., pat.646652

Johnston, W.T., pat.642

Johnston, William, 501

Johnston & Co., E., 445486

Johnston, Gordon & Co., 486

Joint Coffee Trade Publicity Committee, 489443445–459474
Booklets, 455
Brewing, 717718
Coffee Club, 453455
Information service, 453
Membership, 448
Organized (1919), 474514
Program, 514
Recipes, 723724
Scientific research, 453457

Jones, Dorothy, 107108467

Jones, J.F., 507

Jones, W.T., 505511513

Jones, Webster, 515

Jones & Co., S.L., 488

Jones Bros., 501

Jonson, Ben, 60

Joseph, chk.93

Joseph Andrews, Fielding, 80

Joteyko, q.186

Joubert, 96

Jourdain, John, q.12

Journal Am. Chem. Soc.q.155160

Journal Am. Med. Ass’nper.q.175185

Journal d’ Antoine Gallandq.2

Journal of Assoc. Agric. Chem.per.q.169

Journal of the Franklin Instituteq.711712

Journal of the Gen. Assembly of the Colony of New York (1709), q.117

Journal of Pharmachol.per.q.184

Journal, Revett, q.2

Journey through England, Mackay, 75

Julian, sec. to the Muses, 574

Julien (of Gobelins), 567

Jurgens, pat.167

Kadoe c., 355373

Kaffa, 3

Kaffa coffee, 228229

Kaffee Hag Corp., 473

Kaffee-klatsch (first), 45433683

Kaffee-sieder, 5051

Kahoueh, 3

Kahua, 3

Kahvedjibachi, 2022

Kahveji, 665

Kahwa, 3

Kahwah, 15

Kahwah (coffee-room), 657658662

Kahwe, 45

Kair Bey, 17

Kaldi, 1415

Kaltenbach, George, 476529

Kant, Immanuel, 562

Kaspar, Adam J., 502

Kato, Sartori, 471538

Kato Coffee Co., 538

Kavah, 2

Kaveh, 1

Kaveh kanes, 17
(See also Coffee houses)

Kavveghi, 22

Kawih, 11

Keable, B.B., q.181182

Keats, John, 549;
q.550

Keen, William, chk.120

Keen’s Chop House, 498

Kelly, George, 501

Kelly, H.D., pat.472649

Kemble, John, 581

Kendrick, F.G., 507

Kenny, C.D., 508

Kenrich, Archibald, pat.624

Kentucky coffee tree, 564

Kentucky Warbler, The, Allen, q.564

Kerr, Mary Alice, 523

Khawah (see Kahwah)

Kickleburys on the Rhine, Thackeray, q.563

Kidde, Frank, 479

Kidneys, effect on, 175181

Kilgour & Taylor, 503

Kimball, O.G., 527528

King, Dr., q.584

King, John E., 513539701720;
pat.167474651;
q.168402716
(See also Irregular grind)

King, Moll, chk.581587

King, Thomas, chk.581

King, Tom, chk.587

King Coffee Products Corp., 539

King of American breakfast table, 107

King of perfumes, 565

Kingdom’s Intelligencer, London, per.q.433582

Kipfel, 50

Kirby, James H., 480

Kirby & Halstead, 480

Kirby, Halstead & Chapin, 480

Kirby, Halstead & Chapin Co., 485

Kirkland, A., 480

Kirkland, W.J., 480

Kirkland & von Sacks, 480

Kirkland Bros., 478480

Kisher, 231266655658
Method of preparing, 694

Kissing the cheeks, 387

Kitchen, James, chk.130

Kitchen Directory and American Housewifeq.709

Kneller, Sir Godfrey, 578

Knickerbocker & Cooke, 499

Knickerbocker Mills, 496

Knickerbocker Mills Co., 496

Knight, Eberman & Co., 507

Knowles, Cloyes & Co., 502

Knowlys, Thomas John, pat.633

Knudsen & Co., P.J., 488

Koch, q.186

Kock, Paul de, 565

Koenig & Co., J. Henry, 503

Kohwah, 12

Kolschitzky Franz George, chk.495051590
Introduces c. to Vienna, 50
Portrait, ill.51
Statue, ill.50599
Wife (Ursula), 51

Kolster & Co., 340

Kona c., 356375

Kooman, G.W., pat.649

Koranq.1520

Kosmos Line, 489

Kraepelin, q.186

Krag-Reynolds Co., 502

Kraut, Adolph, 471

Kreiser, Alexander W., 509

Kreissel, Fillip, 538

Kroberger, Charles, 501

Kroe c., 355371

Krout, J.M., 503

Krull, pat.247

Krupp A.G. Grusonwerk, Fried, 247

Kuchelmeister, F., pat.647

Kuhlemeir, Fred J., pat.648

Kuhlke, George F., 482

Kunhardt, Henry, 482

Kunhardt & Co., 482

Kuprili, Grand Vizier, 2021 4971664

Labaree & Co., J.H., 480482484

Labeling machinery, 403

Labels, law affecting, 410

Labor
Angola, 268
Arabia, 266
Arbuckle business, 524525526
Brazil, 207260261293445530531
Colombia, 260
Guadeloupe, 233
Guatemala, 219
Guianas, 236
Honduras, 234
Java, 269271
Mexico, 263264
Nicaragua, 264
Netherlands E.I., 283293294
Salvador, 217
Sumatra, 269
Venezuela, 263
West Indies, 293

Lacedæmonian (see Black broth), 13

La Chaussée, 94

La Coux, François Réné, pat.627

La Guaira c., 348

La Roque, Jean, 313234543557;
q.51533197245542565616694695

La Seine c.-pot, 607

Lactation, Effect on, 177178

Ladies Home Journalper.177;
q.709

Ladies Home Magazineper.q.709710

Lahey, B., 480

L’Ainé, inv.620

Lait, Café au, 691696

Lally, Albert V., q.570

Lamb, Charles, q.550

Lamb (Folger, Schilling & Co.), 506

Lambert, Joseph, 642646471472

Lambert Food & Machinery Co., 646

Lambert Machine Co., 649

Lamboray, C.144

Lancetper.q.179

Landanabileo, q.181

Landers, Frary & Clark, 472644647648649653701

Langfeld, 186

Langius, 543

Lantern Slides, 443

Lantern-shaped c.-pot, 602603604619

Lapicque, q.184

Larousse, q.91

Lascelles & Co., A.S., 482

Last-bag notice, New York, 321

Lastreto & Co., 488

Lathrop & Co., C.D., 484485

Laud, Archbishop, 41

Laughlin & Co., J.W., 508

Laurens, pat.623694

Laurent, Emil, 144

Laurentii, C. (robusta)142144

Laurentii Gillet, C.142

Laurina, C.hyb.138

Lauzaune, pat.640

Lauzaune, Établissements, 625646

Lavado (grade), 261

Lawrence, George W., 535537

Lawrence & Van Zandt, 476

Lawton, Frederick, q.557

Lawton, William, inv.641651

Lazear, Jesse, 508

Lead number, 159513

Leaf-blight (see Diseases)

Leaves, beverage from, 133694

Le Candiot, chk.93

Le Conte, q.178

Le Gantois, chk.93

Le Morgan Coffee Co., 508

Le Page, Jules, pat.474652

Leclerc, 96

Lee, H.H., 508

Lee & Murbach, 502

Leech, John, 582

Lefévre, 96

[Pg 784]Légal, 96

Legendary origin (see Origin), 541

Leggett & Co., Francis H., 398480482494

Legislative com. on speculations, N.Y., 322

Lehmann, Julius, q.70183

Lemare, 708

Lemierre, 94

Lemmon & Son, 507

Lemon in c. (Russia), 686

Lemonade venders, 670
(See also Pedling)

Lensing, J.H., 638

Leo XIII, Pope, q.549

Leone, 579

Leopold, Emperor, 49

Lepper, q.145

L’Estrange, 59

Lester, George C., pat.472647

Lettre sur l’Origine et le Progres du Café, Galland, q.12

Leven, 185

Levering, William T., 484485

Levering & Co., E., 484485508

Levinthal, q.185

Levy, Florence N., q.607

Levy & Co., M.M., 485

Lewin-Meyer Co., 488

Lewis, Charles, 503;
pat.646

Lewis, Teacle Wallace, 480

Lewis & Co., T.W., 480

Liberian c., 353378

Liberica, C.
Allied Species, 142144
Botanical description, 140142
Colombia, 211
Dutch Guiana, 236
Federated Malay States, 238
French Indo-China, 237
Guadeloupe, 234
Java, 215216
Liberia, 229
Trees to acre, 230
Netherlands E.I. (1920), 283
United States imports, 341

Liberty Boys, 120

Licenses
Boston
Coffee-house, 108
First, Dorothy Jones, 107
England
Coffee-house, 59
First royal warrant, 59
France (first, 1692), 34
Germany, 46293
Mecca, coffee-house, 18
Philadelphia, coffee-house, 18
United States
First (1670), 467
War-time (1917–18), 338534
Württemberg, 47

Lichty, George E., 535

Lidgerwood, John, pat.246

Lidgerwood, Wm. Van V., pat.246247

Lidgerwood Mfg. Co., Ltd., 246

Liebig, Baron von, 682684685687;
q.711

Liebreich, q.185

Lievre, Frick & Co., 506

Life of Addison, Johnson, q.561

Life of Home, Mackenzie, q.86

Life of Johnson, Boswell, q.567

Light roast, 356387388

Lightfoot, Alexander, chk.120

Lilly (astrologer), 69

Limbird, John, 585

Limonáji, 670

Linn, A.R. & W.F., 508

Lins, Albuquerque, 531

Linschoten’s travelsill.43;
q.3537

Lion (brand), 523

Lion’s head (Button’s c. house), ill.80576593

Livre Commode (Paris, 1691), 433

Lippincott, Jesse H., 507

Lispenard, Anthony, 475

Lispenard, Leonard, 475

Literature of coffee, 541–585

Literature, Influence of c. on 552556
England, 6081
Paris, 949698100102103

Littledo, L., pseud.q.550551

Lives of Eminent Men, Aubrey, q.40

Lives of the Lord Chancellors, Campbell, q.570

Lives of the Poets, Johnson, 570

Livierato, B.A., 479

Livierato, Gregory B., 478

Livierato Frères (Bros.), 338478488

Livierato-Kidde Co., 479

Livingstons, The, 475

Lloyd, the law-student, 579;
q.584

Lloyd, Edward, chk.8586

Lloyd, John C., 480

Lloyd & Co., John C., 480

Lloyd’s (London), 120
Register of shipping, 85

Loading, Santos, 312314

Loaiza & Co., W., 488

Locke (chemist), q.180

Locket, Mrs., chk.570

Lockier, Dean, q.574

Lockwood, Dr., q.176

Lockyer, Captain, 120

Loeven & Co., E., 505

Loew, Oscar, q.156

Logan & Strowbridge, 644

Logan & Strowbridge Iron Co., 644

London
Fire (1666), 61627483
(1748), ill.7683

London, Paris & Am. Bank, Ltd., 488

London Pleasure Gardens of the 18th Century, The, Wroth, q.82

Long, Mary, chk.56

Long, William, chk.56

Longe, W. Harry, 444

Longevity, Effect of c. on, 178

Longhi, Alessandro, 588

Longhi, Pietro, 556558

Lopez, Pedro, 220

Lopez & Co., P.A., 338

Lorand, q.182

Lorimore Bros., 508

Lorraine, Prince of, 49

Lott & Low, 475

Loudon, Howard C., 495

Loudon, J. Carlyle, 495

Loudon & Johnson, 495499

Loudon & Son, 495

Loudon & Stellwag, 495

Louis XIII, 91

Louis XIV, 6339192

Louis XV, 89294563566

Love, N., q.175

Low, Seth, 473

Low & Co., Adolphe, 487

Lowell, Ebenezer, 467

Lower Wall St. Bus. Men’s Ass’n, 473

Lown Coffee Co., W.G., 508

Lowther, Sir James, 584

Loyal Association (London), 583

Lubricant to human machine, 585

Ludlow & Goold, 475

Ludolphus, q.5

Lueder & Co., A., 485

Lure of coffee, 585

Lurman & Co., T.G., 484485

Lusk, q.180

Luttrell, 579

Lyman, John Chester, pat.245

Lyons, A. Neil, q.563

Lytton, Lord, 102

Macassars (c.), 355374

Macaulay, Thomas B., q.7577

Macedoine Poetique (1824), 548

Machinery
Evolution of, 615–654
History of Manufacture, 468–474

Mackay, 75;
q.79

Mackey, William D., 477491

Mackey & Co., 477

Mackey & Small, 477480

Mackintosh, Sir James, 556

Macklin, Charles, 89580581

Maclachlan, C.H., 527

Maclaine, Jemmy, 578

Macrocarpa, C.146

MacVeagh & Co., Franklin, 485502

Madagascar c., 353378

Madagascar, C.146

Madagascariensis, C.146

Maddux, H. Clay, 479491

Magic Cup (brand), 539

Maguire, Charles, 479

Maguire, Joseph, 497498

Maguire & Gillespie, 508

Mahomet (See also Mohammed), 38

Mahood, E.B., 507

Mahood, Samuel, 507

Mahood, W. James, 507

Maidi c., 351368

Mail-order houses, 415

Maine & Eckerenkotter, 505

Mairobert, q.566

Maitland, Coppell & Co., 482

Maitland, Phelps & Co., 482

Makara, chk.93

Makonnen, Ras, 310

Malabars (c.), 351369

Malang c., 355373

Malaria, Effect of c. on, 181

Maldonado & Co., 488

Maliban chk.93

Mallet, J.W., q.176

Malone, q.61574

Man, Alexander, chk.5988

Mandelsloh, Joh. A. von, q.45

Mandheling c., 355371

Manet, Edouard, 103104

Manipulated Java, 338

Manizales c., 348364

Manner of Making C., Tea and Chocolate, Dufour, 543

Manners and Customs, 655–692
Abyssinia, 655
Africa, 655–657
Africa, Portuguese E., 657
Algeria, 655656
Arabia, 657–663
Argentina, 691
Asia, 657–663
Brazil, 691
Chile, 691
Constantinople, 192223663–670
Damascus (c.-house), 668–670
England (c.-house), 6075–89
Egypt, 655–657
France, 33680–683
Germany, 683–685
Italy, 686
London (c.-house), 73
Mexico, 687
Netherlands, 686
New Orleans, 690
North America, 686–691
Norway, 686
Oriental, Early, 17192223
Paraguay, 691
Paris, 919698100102103104554683
Persia (c.-house), 22
Philadelphia (c.-house), 128
Saxony, 684
Somaliland, 655
Sweden, 686
Thuringia, 684
Turkey, 20273638663–670
Uganda, 655
United States, 687–691
Uruguay, 691
Vienna (c.-house), 562671672
(See also Coffee-houses)

Manning, E.B., pat.637

Manning, Bowman & Co., 649701

Manthey-Zorn Laboratories, 653

Mantsaka c., ill.142

Manual of Pharmacology, Sollman, q.182

Manufacture, U.S., 298

Many, Daniel, 507

Marac, 682

Maracaibo c., 348349365

Maragogipe c., 345367

Maragogipe, C.hyb.140
India, 227

Marat, 94

Marchand, pat.640

M’Ardell (mezzotinter), 84584

Marden & Folger, 506507

Marden & Myrick, 505

Margins, 329333335

Mariahalden, 519520

Marie Antoinette, 96

Marilhat, 591

[Pg 785]Marion Harland c.-pot., 645699

Market names, 191
(See also Characteristics)

Marlborough, Earl of, 109

Marmontel, 98

Marquis de Someruelas, v.468

Marshall, q.183

Martelley, Lewis, pat.624699

Martin, pat.485640

Martin & Co., N., 485

Martinique c., 350363

Martinique, Histoire de la, Daney, q.8

Martinique, La, Pardon, q.8

Marvell, 60

Mary, Queen, 601

Mason, Fred, 689

Mason, L.F., 479

Mason, Marcus, pat.246248469

Mason & Co., Marcus, 248469

Mason & Thompson, 476

Mason machines, 264

Masons, Grand Lodge, 110

Masons, St. Andrew’s Lodge, 111

Mass. Inst. of Technology
Scientific research, 453457515714717

Massieu, Abbé Gulllaume, q.14544

Matagalpa c., 347360

Materia Medica and Pharmacology, Culbreth, q.181

Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Potter, q.181

Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacology, Butler, q.179

Matheson, S., 482

Matheson, Jr. & Co., S., 482

Mattari, c., 351368

Mattei, q.180

Maumenet, q.548

Mauran, C.S., 502

Mauritiana, C.138146
Caffein content, 147161

Maury, Joseph E., 515

Maximilian Frederick, Elector, q.47

Maxwell, q.165

Maxwell House (brand), 441

Mayer Bros. & Co., 482

Mayflower, v.108616
Mortar and pestle, ill.105

Mayne, 585

Mayot, 96

Mazagran, Café, 92655682

Mazerolles, S., 591

McBride, R.P., 482499

McCann, Alfred W., 398399

McCarthy Bros., 488

McChesney & Sons, 488

McClean, Jemmy (see Maclaine)

McCord, Brady Co., 508

McCready, William, 479

McCreery, Henry F., 480

McCreery, R.W., 511;
q.427

McDonald, Duncan, 521522

McDonald & Arbuckle, 521

McDonald & Arbuckles, 522

McDonald & Glynn, 482

McFadden, J.M., 513

McFadden & Bro., George H., 480

McFarland, A., 508

McGarty, M.J., 399

McGill. A., q.687

McKinnon, William, 245

McKinnon & Co., Ltd., Wm., 245

McLaughlin, Frederick, 502

McLaughlin, George D., 502

McLaughlin, William F., 502

McLaughlin & Co., W.F., 443502

McLaughlin & Co., W.H., 484

McMaster, John Bach, q.468

McMullin, John, 612

McNeil & Higgins, 502

McNeil & Higgins Co., 502

McNeil, Thomas, 494

McNulty, John R., 479491

McNulty & Co., J.R., 479

McReynolds, Attorney General, 533

Meacock, James, pat.245

Mead, Dr., 582

Meal Market, New York, 119

Meat-packers in c. trade, 514

Mechanic’s Magazine, London, 585

Medellins (c.), 348364

Medical Newsper.q.183

Medical Recordper.q.185

Medical Timesper.q.176

Medicinal properties of c., 122627384556587172173–188
Due to caffein content, 182

Medicine
C. first used as, 693
Café au lait used as, 696

Meditations, Brillat-Savarin, q.697

Medium (see Grinds)

Medium roast, 336388

Meehan, Charles L., 535

Meehan, P.C., 476477

Meehan & Co., P.C., 477

Meehan & Schramm, 477

Meidinger, q.565

Meilhat, 594

Meisner, Leonhard Ferdinand, 46543

Meith, Hugo, 591

Mejia, E., 488

Melangé, Café, 671

Melaye, S., 548

Mellon Inst. of Industrial Research, 714

Memoirs, Diderot, 98

Memoirs, Sherman, q.563

Menado c., 355374

Menda & Co., 340

Mendel, q.185

Menezes, T. Langgaard de, ill.446

Mengai, 694

Menico, 28

Menier, 566

Menosperma, C.hyb.138

Menown, Hugh, 631

Menown, H. & J., 502

Menown & Gregory, 631

Men’s Answer to Women’s Petition, Thepamph.71

Menslichen Genussmittelq.147

Mental and Motor Efficiency
Effect of caffein on, 186
Effect of tea on, 186

Menzel, Adolph, 591

Merchants Coffee Co. of N.O., Ltd., 505

Merchants Exchange (New York), 123

Merck & Co., 473

Mercure de Franceq.8

Meridas (c.), 349365

Merrill & Co., S.C., 487

Merritt & Ronaldson, 499

Merwin & Co., Geo. A., 499

Mery, C.D., 548

Messenger & Co., Thomas H., 480

Metchnikoff, q.178

Metropolitan Mills, 494495

Mexicans (c.), 345338359

Meyer (chemist), 164

Meyer, B., 535

Meyer, Fred W., 502

Meyer, Robert, 510511513

Meyerheim, Paul, 591

M’Ginley, Joseph, 492

M’Gregor, Coll., 476

Michaud, I.F. and L.G., q.8

Michelet, q.98

Microscopy of c., 149–153
Analysis, value, 152

Microscopy of Vegetable Foods, Winton, q.150

Midland Spice Co., 508

Milde, 591

Milds (market name), 341345
(See also Characteristics)

Milk in coffee, 3858399665
Effect of, 178
First used by Nieuhoff (1660), 696

Millar & Co., E.B., 502

Millar Spice Co., E.B., 502

Miller, Chas. A., 480

Miller, Harry, 480

Miller, Rev. James, 555;
q., 554

Miller, R.O., 501514

Miller, Watts, 480

Miller, W.H., 488

Miller & Walbridge, 480

Miller, Smith & Co., 485

Milling (see also Cleaning), 383

Milreis, 336

Milton, John, 60;
q.549

Miner, W.H., 505

Minerva, v.128

Minford, Thomas, 479

Minford & Co., L.W., 479485

Minford, Lueder & Co., 477479

Minford, Thompson & Co., 479

Mingo, Cirilo, pat.471

Minkowski, 185

Minor, W.H., 485

Minott, Samuel, 609

Minute (brand), 539

Minute, Café à la, 708

Mirror, London, per.585

Misbranding
Condemned by N.C.R.A., 513
Rulings (U.S.), 337338

Mitchell, George, 478

Mitchell, William L., 478

Mitchell Bros., 478

Mixing (see Blending)

Mixtures, Strange c., 5657

Moat With the Crimson Stains, The, Champney, q.563564

Mocengio, 27

Mocha c., 230351353368369

Mocha longberry c., 228

Mocha-seed Bourbon-Santos c., 341366

Mocha-seed Santos (grade), 260

Modern Italian Poets, Howells, q.548549

Moegling, Carl, inv.647

Mogeneti, C. (caffein content), 147161

Mohammed, 141519203854

Mohammed IV, 495091

Mohedano, José Antonio, 9

Mohns-Frese Com. Co., 488

Moir, John R., 535

Mokaska Mfg. Co., 485508

Mokkæ, C.hyb.138

Molded beans, 170

Molke, 9

Molmenti, Pompeo, q.2728

Moncrieff (dramatist), 572

Moncrieff, Alexander, chk.572

Moneuse, Élie, pat.469639

Monin, Sieur, q.696

Monitor machines, 248

Monk, General, 5969

Monkey coffee, 136

Monroe, James (Pres.), 113

Monstruo (grade), 261

Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley, 573

Montague, q.551

Monte Carmelo c., 350365

Montealegre & Co., 487488

Montesquieu, 100

Montuori, q.176

Moore, Alexander Duncan, pat.623

Moore, C.T., 508

Moore, Dr., q.179

Moore & Co., Geo. A., 488

Mopsy, 579

Moréas, Jean, chk.102

Morewood, T.C., pat.642

Morey Mercantile Co., C.S., 508

Morgan, Charles, 644;
pat.645653

Morgan, Edward H., 644

Morgan Brothers, 644

Morize, pat.623699708

Morley, W.T., 513

Morning Advertiser, Lond., newsp.585

Morning Chronicle, London, newsp.585

Morning Herald, Lond., newsp.585

Morning Post, Lond., newsp.585

Morosini, Gianfrancesco, 26

Morrison, S.B., 497

Morrison, Wm. J., 498

Morrison & Bolnest Co., 498

Morton, Robert, 69

Mosely, Dr. Benjamin, q.238

Moser (artist), 584

Mosso, Ugolino, q.186

Most excellent virtues of the mulberry called coffee (1671), 34

Mother (grade), 258

Mother of cafés (Vienna), 50

Motion pictures, 443455514

Mott & Williams, 494

Mottant, A., 641645

Muddiman, 59

Mudiford, 58

[Pg 786]Muhlberg, R. pat.638

Muller, Frederick H., pat.653702

Munden, Admiral, 86559

Murdock, Charles A., 506

Murdock & Co., C.A., 508

Murdock Mfg. Co., C.A., 506

Murger, Henry, 98

Murphy, Arthur, 584;
q.579

Murray, Sir James, 699;
q.1

Murray, James H., 496

Murray, Robert, 475

Murta, C.hyb. 138

Musgrave, James, 612

Music, C. in, 593–599

Music in coffee houses, 656666667669

Mustapha, Kara, 4950

Mustard in c., 58696

Myer, pat.162473

Myers, Myer, 612

Mylne (architect), 584

Mysore c., 351369

Myrtle c. (Mexico), 222

Nabob (brand), 441

Nairon, Antoine Faustus, 1627543

Nakhel douin (palm), 266

Nalpasse, Valentin, q.175176177179

Names for c. (English and foreign), 123

Names of places (see Note, p. 769)

Nancy (tea ship) v.120

Naphew, Charles, 479

Napier, Robert, inv.637699700

Napier & Co., 486

Napier & Sons, Robert, 699

Narcotism, Effect of c. on, 181

Narghil (palm), 266

Narghillai, 663664665668
(Also nargile, narguileh)

Nash Grocery Co., George, 503

Nash, Smith & Co., 502

Nash-Smith Tea & Coffee Co., 503

Nashville Coffee & Mfg. Co., 509

Nason, James H., pat.637

Nat’l Ass’n of Retail Grocers of the U.S., 428

Nat’l Chain Store Grocers’ Ass’n., 417418

National coffee day, 513

Nat’l C. Roasters Ass’n., 323439448473474509–515
Better c. making com., 713–717
Brewing recommendations, 717
Conventions, 512–515
Dues, 514
Freight forwarding bureau, 323
Home mill, 652
Industrial Expositions, 514515654
Membership, 511–514

National C. Roasters Traffic and Pure Food Ass’n., 510511

National Coffee Week, 439455473474514

Nat’l Packaging Machinery Co., 443472

Nat’l Retail Tea and Coffee Merchants’ Ass’n., 417

National Reviewper.q.74

Nature, Café, 683

Nature of the Drink Kauhi, The, Pocoke’s trans. q.1238

Nature, quality and most excellent virtues of c., The (broadside), ill.6970

Navarro, Francisco Xavier, 9225

Nave & McCord Merc. Co., 485

Nave-McCord Mfg. Co., 508

Negro plot (New York, 1737), 118

Neidlinger & Schmidt, 499

Nelson, Charles, pat.649

Nepenthe, 12

Nervous system, Effect of c. on, 174175

Netherlands E. India Co., 4344283291294

Netherlands West India Co., 105

Neutral (see Flavors)

Nevers, George J., 479

Nevill, 60

Nevison, J., 631

New and curious coffee-house, etc., Theper.45433

New Caledonia c., 356374

New Guinea c., 355374

New Discoveries, etc., Paschius, q.13

New England Automatic Weighing Machine Co., 471

Newbold, William, 479

Newell, pat.246

Newhall, H.B., 501

Newmark, H., 509

Newmark, Maurice H., 509

Newmark & Co., H., 509

Newmark & Co., M.A., 509

New Orleans Coffee Co., 485505

New uses for c., 457

New View of London (1708), Hatton, 54

New York
Coffee and Sugar Exchange (See Exchanges)
Daily Advertiserq.434468
Dock Co., 319532
Gazetteper.q.118
Historical Soc., 474591
Hospital, 124
Journalper. (1775) q.115
Stock and Exchange Board, 123

News from the coffee house (broadside) q.ill.6869

Newstadt, Emil, pat.645

Niblo, William, chk.121124
(See also Gardens)

Nicaraguas (c.), 347360361

Nicholson, David, 502

Niemuhr, Karstens, 543;
q.22

Nielsen, Thorlief S.B., 520

Niessen, von, pat.158167

Nieuhoff, 543696

Niles, G.M., q.175

Nonnenbruch, q.185

Nordlinger, Henry, 482

Nordlinger & Co., Henry, 482

Norris, G.W., 532533

North, Roger, q.72570

Norton, Edward, 471

Norton, Weyl & Beven, 482

Norton & Holyoke, 434

Nossack & Co., 340

Notes and Queriesper.q.1

Nurseries, 200205

Nutmeg in c., 696

Nutrio Mfg. Co., 501

Nutt, Jr., F.T., 535

Oaxaca c., 345358

Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson, q.125

O’Brien, 579

O’Brien, E.H., 455488

O’Brien, Jonas P., 482

O’Brien, Joseph A., 482491

Oceana, Harrington, 60

O’Donohue, Charles A., 123

O’Donohue, John, 480498

O’Donohue, John B., 123498

O’Donohue, Joseph J., 480

O’Donohue, Peter, 480498

O’Donohue & Co., J.B., 485

O’Dononue & Sons, John, 480

O’Donohue & Sons, Joseph J., 477480

O’Donohue & Stewart, 498

O’Donohue Coffee Co., 498

O’Donohue’s Sons, John, 338485498

Oelschlager (see Olearius)

Of the Excellent Qualities, etc., Rumford, q.697698

Ogden & Co., George, 501

Ogilby, 571

Ohio Coffee & Spice Co., 508

Oils, Coffee, 164711712

O’Krassa, R.F.E., pat.247248

Olavarria, J.D., 471

Old Dutch Mills, 482

Old Ground Coffee Works, 492

Old Judge (brand), 441

Old Homestead (brand), 441

Old Master (brand), 441

Old Reserve (brand), 441

Oldys, William, q.53

Olearius, Adam, q.2245543

Olendorf, Case & Gillespie, 478

Olivier, Abbé, 548

Omar, Sheik, 1314655

Opera: Le Café du Roi, Meilhat and Deffes, 594

Opposition
Commercial
England, 6474
Medical
Cairo, 19
Germany, 46
Marseilles, 3233
Mecca, 17
Political
Constantinople, 293
England (c. houses), 72293
Proclamation, Charles II, 73
Germany, 4647
London, 293
Religious
Cairo, 19
Constantinople, 2021
Mecca, 1718
Venice, 29
(See also ControversiesCoffee-houses)

Options, 329

Orange Juice, peel, in c., 106

Ordinaries (see Taverns)

O’Reilly, Count, q.222

Organon salutis (1657), Rumsey’s, q.5658

Oriental Trip, Mandelsloh, q.45

Origin of c., 51113–16541–542

Orizaba c., 345358

Orleans, Regent of, 9698

Osborn, Lewis A., 434469496522

Osborn’s Celebrated Prepared Java (brand), 434469496522

Oseretzkowsky, q.186

O’Shaughnessy, John W., 480

O’Shaughnessy & Co., John W., 480

O’Shaughnessy & Sorley, 480

Ostrander, Loomis & Co., 508

O’Sullivan, Eugene, 479

O’Sullivan, James, 479

O’Sullivan & Co., Eugene, 479

Otis, James, 110111

Otis, McAllister & Co., 488

Otter v.127

Otto, Carl Alexander, pat.640641

Outlandish drink, 59

Over the Black Coffee, Gray, q.713

Overton, John B., 479

Ovington, q.2

Oxford Coffee Club, 41

Oxford, Lord, 584

Pacific Mail Co., 489490

Package coffees
Advantages, disadvantages, 408409
Deterioration, 168
Early (U.S.), 469470522
First crude (1791), 491492
France, 680
Great Britain, 673

Packaging economics, 410412

Packaging machinery, 383402–404
United States patents, 470

Packard & James, 494

Padang, v.317

Padang Interior c., 355371

Page, Judge, q.570

Page, Thomas, pat.637

Painter, John (see Paynter)

Pal, q.184

Palaces, C. (see Coffee houses)

Paladino, q.159

Palais Royal (Paris), 96102

Palambang c., 355372

Palatability aid to digestion, 180

Palgrave, q.658–661

Palmer, David, 480

Palmer, Harvey H., 480

Palmer & Co., H.H., 480

Palmer, Warner & Co., 508

Paludanus, Bernard Ten Broeke, q.23541

Pamela, Richardson, 80

Pamphlets (see Broad-sides)

Panamas (c.), 348361

Pan-American Congress, 472

[Pg 787]Panics, U.S., 528–530
(See also Booms and panics)

Panter, William, pat.245

Paradise Lost, Milton, 584

Parché, Café, en (Guadeloupe), 257

Parchment, 136138149150

Pardon, q.8

Parent & Co., J.A., 508

Parini, Guiseppe, q.548549

Park, Fellowes & Co., 508

Park & Tilford, 484499

Parker, Charles, inv.469625

Parker, Edmund, pat.625636

Parker, Gilman L., 501

Parker, John, pat.634

Parker & Dixon, 503

Parker & Harrison, 503635

Parker Co., Charles, 625

Parkes, q.704

Parkinson, John, 534;
q.41

Parlin, Charles Coolidge, 441

Parmentier, 8

Parr, 557

Parrott & Co., 487488

Parry (Welsh harper), 85584

Parry, 543;
q.36

Parson, 557

Pascal, chk.339294554619670;
q.432

Paschius, George, q.13

Patents, U.S., 654

Patrick (lexicographer), 576

Patterson, Robert W., q.106

Pavoni, Desiderio, pat.649

Pawinski, q.185

Payen, q.694

Paynter, Jonathan, 5354

Peabody, B.F., 535

Peaberry, 136249
Botanical description, 149

Peaberries, 1st and 2d (grades), 258

Pears in c. (Russia), 686

Pearson, George, 507

Pearson, Peter, pat.638640

Pechey, 543

Peck, Edwin H., 477

Peck, Walter J., 477

Peck, E.H. & W.J., 477484

Peck & Co., Edwin H., 477479

Peck & Kellum, Benj., 508

Peck, Stowe & Wilcox Co., 644

Pedling
Constantinople, 21
Florence, 670
Italy, 2729670
Padua, 29
Paris, 92939496
Vienna, 51

Pedrocchi, Antonio, chk.29599

Peeling (see Hulling)

Pellicularia tokeroga (see Diseases)

Pemberton, John, 128129

Penn, John, 127129

Penn, Letitia, 128

Penn, William, 105115125126467

Pennsylvania Gazettenewsp.q.126127

Pennsylvania Journalnewsp.127128

Penny-change plan, 427

Penny Magazineper.q.704

Penny universities, 73

Peonage (see Labor)

Pepion, John, 508

Pepys, Samuel, q.59554561574582

Percolator, Theper.q.521

Percolators
Acker’s Mo-Kof-Fee, 645
testing-table, 649
two cylinder (1905), 645
Andrews’s pumping (1841), 700
Bohemian, 654
Bouillon Muller’s steam, 708
Bowman’s valve-type (1876), 637
Bruning’s vacuum jacket (1920), 653
Cafetière Sené (1815), 699
Carlsbad, 654
Chamberlain’s automatic, 652
De Belloy’s (1800), 621622697708
De Santais’ hydrostatic, 629
Durant’s pumping, 625699
First French patent (1806), 699
Galt (1914), 652701
Gandais’ pumping, 625699
German (plug in spout), 708
Glass “balloons”, 627
Hadrot’s “filter”, 621699
Half-minute (1881), 701
Hutchinson’s, 710
Jones’s pumping, 704
Kellum (1906), 649
Kin-Hee (1900), 701
Laurens’ pumping, 623699
Laurent’s steam “whistling,” 708
Malen’s, 708
Marion Harland, 645696
Mo-Kof-Fee (Acker’s), 645
Morize’s reversible, 623699
Nason’s fluid-joint (1865), 637
Nelson’s patents (1912–13), 649
Phylax (1914), 652701702
Potsdam, 710
Preterre’s vacuum (1849), 634
Pumping discussed, 714715
(first, 1819), 623
Rabauts reversed (1822), 699
Raparlier’s glass “filter”, 708
Reversible double drip, 623
Rumford’s (1806–12), 621622623697698
Rumford type, 705
Russian egg-shaped, 708
Savage’s patent (1906), 649
Smart’s patent (1919), 653
Star (1886), 645
Sternau’s patent (1904), 649
Universal (1901), 647
Vanderweyde’s patent (1866), 637
Vardy’s vacuum urn, 627699
Vassieux’ glass (1842), 627700
Vienna, 638639
Viennese type, 708
Warner’s patent (1906), 649

Percolation
Defined, 621698
Discussed (Trigg), 720721
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 718

Percy, Reuben, pseud.585

Percy, Sholto, pseud.585

Perez & Sons, Juan Pablo, 340

Perfect cup of c., 721–723

Perfect Vacuum Canning Co., 471

Perfumed c., 59695

Pergamino, Café en (grade), 261

Perieri, C.146

Persecution (see Opposition)

Persian letters, Montesquieu, q.109

Perus (c.), 350367

Pests (see Diseases)

Peters, J., q.467

Petit, q.12

Petring, G.H., 510

Petty, Sir William, 60

Pharmaceutical Journalper.q.156

Pharmaceutice Rationalis, Willis, q.58

Pharmacological-chemical brewing device, 699

Pharmacology, Cushing, q.179

Pharmacology of c., 174–188

Phelps, Jr., Edward A., 495499

Philadelphia Commission of Inspection, 467

Philidor, 9698

Philipp, John, 591

Philippines (c.), 355375

Philios, Ambrose, 80576577578

Phillipi, Peter, 591

Phillips, Sir Richard, 578585

Phillips & Co., M., 488

Philology (see Etymology)

Phipps, Sir William, 111

Phipps & Co., J.L., 476482484486

Phoenix, John, 482

Phoenix & Co., J.W., 482

Phoenix Electrical Heating Co., 647

Phyfe, James W., 480

Phyfe & Co., Jas. W., 480

Phonetic difficulties, 1

Physique Sacrée, on Histoire Naturelle de la Bible, Scheuzer, q.1316

Piccander, q.595

Picking c., 250
Colombia, 260

Pickslay, Joseph D., 477535

Pictures
Afternoon in the court gardens, Munich, Walle’s, 591
Afternoon at the coffee table, Meith’s, 591
Button’s coffee house, Shepherd’s, ill.593
Café en Asia Mineure, De Ternamine’s, 591
Café sur un route de Syrie, Marilhat’s, 591
Café Turc, Descamp’s, 591
Coffee comes to the aid of the Muse, Ruffio’s, ill.591
Coffee house at Cairo, Gérôme’s, ill.591656
Decorative panel for Paris House, Mazerolles’, 591
Dutch coffee house of 1650, Van Ostade’s, ill.587
First coffee house in Vienna, Schams’, ill.590
Four times of the day, Hogarth’s, ill.587
French coffee house, Rowlandson’s, 593
Goldoni in a Venetian café, Longhi’s, ill.588
Kaffeebesuch Phillipi’s, ill.591
Lion’s head at Button’s, Shepherd’s, ill.591
Mad dog in a coffee house, Rowlandson’s, ill.593
Manager Classen and his family, Milde’s, 591
Mme. de Pompadour, Van Loo’s, ill.588
Mme. Du Barry at Versailles, Decreuse’s, ill.589590
Napoleon and the curé, Charlet’s, ill.593
Old woman with coffee cup, Philipp’s, 591
Oriental coffee house, Meyerhelm’s, 591
Parisian boulevard café, Menzel’s, 591
Pastor Rautenberg and his Family, Milde’s, 591
Petit déjeuner, Boucher’s, ill.588
Rake’s progress, Hogarth’s, ill.587
Slaughter’s coffee house, Shepherd’s, ill.593
Sweets shop of Josty in Berlin, Schmidt’s, 591
Tom’s coffee house, Shepherd’s, ill.593
Tontine coffee house, Guy’s, 593
Washington’s official welcome to New York, Gruppe’s, ill.593

Pictures, C. in, 587–593

Pierce, Jr., O.W., 509

Pierce, Sr., Oliver Webster, 509

Pierce & Co., O.W., 509

Piers, steel-roofed (N.O.), 325

Pilcher, q.184

Pinzon & Co., 338

Pioneer Mills, 508

Pique, R., q.156

Piron, 94

Pitt, William, 580

Pitt & Sons, C.F., 485

Place, E.B., 482

Place, J.K., 482

Places, names of (see Note, p. 769)

Plantation machinery, 245–248
Brazil, 207
Salvador, 217

Plantation machines
Guardiola drier, 255
Planet Junior, 207

Plantation preparation, 201
Arabia, 197

Plantation processes, 245–271
Abyssinia, 268
Angola, 268
Arabia, 245264266268
Brazil, 258–261
[Pg 788]Colombia, 260
Guatemala, 263
Haiti, 264
Java, 268269271
Mexico, 263
Netherlands E. Indies, 268269271
Nicaragua, 264
Porto Rico, 264
Salvador, 263
Sumatra, 268269
Venezuela, 261263

Plantations
Abyssinia, yield per acre, 228
Angola
Cazengo, 230
Australia, yield per acre, 239
Brazil (fazendas)
Araqua, 208
Azevedo, L. de O., 208
Caféeria São Paulo, 208
Capital invested, 207
do Val, F.S., 208
Dumont, ill.205208258
Ellis, Alfredo, 208
Irmaos, Alves, 208
Oliveira, 208
Principal, 208
Ribeirao Preto, ill.208
São Martinho, 208
São Paulo Coffee Co., 208
Schmidt, 208258
Ceylon, first British, (1825) 237
Colombia, 211212
Namay, 212
Cuba, number, 282
Guadeloupe, yield per acre, 233
Hawaii, yield per acre, 241
India
Cannon’s Baloor, 227
Hoskahn, 227
Mylemoney, 227
Santaverre, 227
Sumpigay Kahn, 227
Yield per acre, 227
Java
Jakatra, 44
Kedawoeng estate, 6
Typical, A., 269271
Mexico
Orduna, 220
Porto Rico
Capital invested, 223
Yield per acre, 223225
Salvador, first (1876), 217
Sumatra
Gadoeng Batoe, ill.217
Venezuela (haciendas)
Altamira, ill.212
Carmen, ill.213
Yield per acre, 213

Planting (see also Propagation), 200

Plants of Egypt, Alpini, 26

Plants, Roasting, ill.379381383385

Platow, Moritz, pat.627699

Platt, Jr., James, q.1

Plays
Autocrat of the Coffee Stall, The, Chapin, 556563
Beaux’ Stratagem, Farquhar, q.587588
Bold Stroke for a Wife, A, Centlivre, q.554
Boston, first performed in, 111
Bottega di Caffè, La, Goldoni, 555
Café; ou, l’Ecossaise, Le, Voltaire, 556
Caffè, Le, Rosseau, 554555
Caffè di Campagna, Il, Galuppi, 556
Caffettiéra da Spirito, La556
Coffee House, The, Rosseau, 88
Coffee House; or, Fair Fugitive, The, Voltaire, q.556
Coffee-House Politician, The, Fielding, q.554555
Devin du Village, Rousseau, 102
“English comedy,” q.61
Foire St. Germain, La, Dancourt (1696), q.554
Hamilton, Hamlin and Arliss, q., ill.556
Persian Wife, The, Goldoni, q.556
Socrates, Voltaire, 556
Tarugo’s Wiles; or, the Coffee House, St. Serf, q.554

Pleasure gardens (see Gardens)

Pletzer, q.185

Pluehart, inv.710

Plunket (highwayman), 578

Pneumatic Scale Corp., 471472

Pneumatic Scale Corp., Ltd., 471

Pocoke, Edward, q.1238

Pods, 329

Poemata Didascalia, d’Olivet, 543

Poems
As long as Mocha’s happy tree,” Pope’s, q.549
Ballad of the South Sea Scheme, Swift, q.571
Bouquet Blanc et le Bouquet Noir, Le, Mery, 548
Café, Le (anon.), 548
Café, Le, Berchoux, 548
Caffè, Il, Barotti, 548
Cap and Bells, Keats, q.550
Carmen Caffaeum, Massieu, q.14544–547
City Mouse and Country Mouse, Prior and Montague, q.551
Coffee, Saltus, q.552
Coffee—a Chanson (music by Colet), ill.594595
Coffee and Crumpets, “Littledo,” q.550551
C. Companion (from Arabic), q.543
Coffee Slips, The, Hood, q.550
Comus, Milton, q.549
de Clieu, Esménard, q.8548
Flogé du Café, L’Estienne, 548
Frugality, Pope Leo XIII, q.549
Gilbert K. Chesterton Rises to the Toast of C., Untermeyer, q.553
Giorno, Il, Parini, q.548549
Grandeur de Dieu dans les Merveilles de la Nature, La548
In Praise of C. (from Arabic), q.542
Like His Mother Used to Make, Riley, q.552
Lines (appended to broadside) Morton, ill.69
Lines on C. (from French), 548
Long Story, A, Gray, q.576
Ode to Coffee, Price, q.553
Over the Black Coffee, Gray, q.552553
Pity for Poor Africans, Cowper, q.550
Plantes, Les, Castel, q.548
Rape of the Lock, Pope, q.550
Recipe for Making C., Hodhat, q.663
Royal Drummer (Paris) q.96
Rules and orders of the C. house (broadside) q.6061
Song from The Coffee House, Fielding, q.ill.555
Three Reigns of Nature, Delille, q.547
To the Mighty Monarch, King Kauhee, Sephton, q.552
To the Coffee House, Altenberg, q.549
To Pasqua Roséeq.54
(Unnamed), Belighi, 547
(Unnamed), Lloyd, q.584
Verses, Maumenet, q.548
Wealthy Shopkeeper; or, Charitable Christianq.572
What Every Wife Knows, Rowland, q.553–554

Poetry, C. in, 542–554

Poffenberger, Jr., A.T., q.723

Poison, C. a, 58174

Polished C., rulings (U.S.), 337338

Polishing machinery, 247248257

Political liberty; England’s won in coffee houses, 74

Politics, C. and, 5962

Polli, Pietro, 558

Pollitzer, q.176

Polstorff, K., 159160

Ponfold, Schuyler & Co., 482

Poore, G.W., q.705707

Pop open, 389

Pope, Alexander, 788081575576577578583;
q.549550
Life of, Carruthers, q.549

Popularity of c. in U.S.; reasons for, 106

Portable c. making devices
French (1691–1754), 618
Turkish, 615616617

Portable grinding machines, 685

Portal, Antoine, q.58

Porthandling charges
Brazil, 306315
New York, 323

Porthandling methods, U.S., 513

Porter, David (Capt.), 112

Porter, David D. (Admiral), 112

Porter, Horace, Gen., q.563

Porter & Co., W.J., 480

Porto Rico Coffee Co., 488

Porto Rico Planters’ Protective Ass’n, 444445

Porto Ricos (c.), 350362

Posadas, J.Z., 488

Postman, London, per.560

Postulart, pat.640

Pot and Kettle, The, Lally, q.570

Potter, pat.167

Potter, Dr., q.181

Potter, Ellis M., 498;
pat.642

Potter & Parlin, 503

Potter Coffee Co., 498

Potter-Parlin Co., 471641642

Potter-Parlin Spice Mills, 498

Potter, Sloan, O’Donohue Co., 498

Pounding c., 697705

Poursine & Co., P., 486

Poursini & Co., R., 505

Powdered (see Grinds)

Power, q.155

Power-Chestnut method, 172

Prado, Paulo da Silva, 532534

Praedium Rusticum, Vaniére, 543

Pratt, A.H., 502

Pratt, David S., pat.539

Preanger c., 355373

Pregnancy, Effect of c. on, 177

Premium for early shipping (Santos), 314

Premium distribution, retail, 429

Premiums, 412413
Arbuckle, 522525

Prendergast Bros., 482

Prentiss & Page, 637

Prepared Coffee, 404

Prescott, Prof. S.C., 515714;
q.717

Preterre, Apoleoni P., pat.634

Price, William A., q.553

Prices
Advance notice of change, 514
Beverage
Constantinople, 665
London, 675677
(1662), 582
(1677), 73
Blends, retail, U.S. (1922), 722723
Green
American colonies, 467475
Amsterdam (1810–12), 468
England (1719), 74
New York (1670), 105
(1683), 125
(1898), 471
(1903), 472
(1919), 474
Netherlands (early), 44
Netherlands E. Indies, 312
United States
Early, 475
(1814), 468
(1880–93), 527530
(1911), 532
(1913), 538
(1921), 299330
War-time, 536–538
Guaranteeing, 514
Roasted
New York (1791), 492
Roasting (1885), 509

Prideaux, W.F., q.12

Priest, William, 612

Primera (grade), 261

[Pg 789]Primero (grade), 264

Prims, J.C., pat.473643

Prior 89;
q.551575

Pritchard, George W., 480

Pritchard & Sons, Geo. W., 480

Private Estate (brand), 496

Private estates
Java, 214215
Netherlands E. Indies, 283312

Probst & Co., F., 482

Proceedings, Society of Antiquaries (1889), q.602603

Procope, François, chk.94

Proctor, Charles E., 538

Producing countries, leading, 191

Production
Abyssinia, 284
Africa, British E., 229285
German E. (1913), 229
Angola (1913), 229
Arabia, 282
Argentina, 279
Australia, 284
Bolivia, 279
Brazil, 273275277
(1850), 205
(1887–1902), 528–530
(1903, 1906), 472
(1906–07), 534
Santos passes Rio (1900–01), 530
Cape Verde Islands (1916), 229
Celebes, 217283
Ceylon, 236282283
Chile, 279
Colombia, 211278
Congo, Belgian, 229
Costa Rica, 225280
Cuba, 282
Dominican Republic, 281
Ecuador, 278
Eritrea (1918), 229
Federated Malay States, 284
Gold Coast, 285
Guadeloupe, 281282
Guam, 284
Guatemala, 219225280
Guiana, British and French, 279
Dutch, 236279
Haiti, 220281
Hawaii, 239284
Honduras, 234280
British, 235280
India, 282
Jamaica, 281
Java, 215283
Liberia (1917), 229
Madagascar (1918), 229
Martinique, 282
Mauritius, 285
Mexico, 280281
Netherlands E. Indies, 283
Nicaragua, 280
Nigeria, 285
Nyasaland, 285
Oaxaca (Mex.), 220
Panama, 235280
Paraguay, 236279
Peru, 278
Philippines, 284
Porto Rico, 281
Réunion (Bourbon), 285
Salvador, 225279280
Sierra Leone, 285
Somali Coast (French), 285
Somaliland (Fr. and It.), 229
(British), 285
St. Thomas and Princes I.’s, 229
Sumatra, 217
Uganda, 229285
Uruguay, 279
Venezuela, 212
World (1883–1921), 273
(1901–02), 531
(Statistical Table), 274

Production and Consumption, 273–285

Prohibition, U.S.
Effect on consumption, 288689

Prolongation of Life, Metchnikoff, q.178

Propagation
Cuttings, 138200
Grafting, 200
Seeds, 138200
Arabia, 231

Proteins in c., 693718719
Dearth in beverage, 180

Provang, 56

Pruning, 133202203
Angola, 230

Publick Adviserper.q.ill.56432581

Public Ledger, London, per.327

Publicity, National campaign, 513

Publishers’ Information Bureau, 441

Puerto Cabello c., 348364

Puhl, John, 502

Puhl-Webb Co., 502

Pulp, uses, 136156

Pulping, 250251

Pulping machinery, 245246247248252254

Puna c., 356375

Pupke, John F., 482496

Pupke & Reid, 482496499635

Pupke, Reid & Phelps, 496

Purcell, Alexander H., 477

Purcell, Joseph, 477480535

Purcell & Co., Alex. H., 477

Purser (artist), 668

Purchas his pilgrimesq.36

Purchas, Samuel, 36

Purdy, L.J., 479

Pure Food and Drugs Act, 337338410472722

Purin Bodies of Food Stuffs, Hall, q.184

Purity Dried Fruits Cleansing Co., 471

Purpurescens, C.hyb.140

Pyriform c.-pot, 604

Pythagoras, 13

Qăhvăh, 2

Qahwah, 1

Quadri, Giorgio, 28

Quakers (imperfections), 329

Quarry, Col., 126

Queen Anne, 82

Queen Mary, 601

Queensberry, Duchess of, 572

Quelle, Ralph J., pat.648

Quick roast, 387388

Quillou, C.146
Java, 216

Quillouensis, C.146

Quin, James, 580583

Quinby & Co., W.S., 501

Quincy, Dr., 543

Quotation relationship (table), 330

Quotations
Daily, how determined, 335
Foreign, 336

Rabaut, L.B., pat.623627699

Racine, 91565

Radcliffe, John, 77572

Rainfall requirements, 198

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 42

Rambaldi, Angelo, 558;
q.696

Rameau’s Nephew, Diderot, q.96

Ramos, Augusto, 531

Ramos, Francisco F., 534

Ramponaux, Jean, chk.9496

Rand, George, 480

Randall, John, 479

Ranelagh (see Gardens)

Ransom, Amos, pat.625

Raparlier, pat.637

Rape of the lock, Pope, 80

Rapid-filtration devices
de Mattel’s patent (1920), 653
Express, 651
Italiana Sovereign, L., 651
J. & S. (Still’s), 674
Victoria Arduino, La, (1909–20), 651

Rapid-infusion devices
Bezzara system, 649651
Ideale, ill.651
Malthey-Zorn centrif., 653654

Rapid-percolation device
Loysel’s hydrostatic, 708

Rasch, Anthony, 612

Rasis ad Almans (see Rhazes)

Rauwolf, Leonhard, 4345431541543;
q.21225

Ray, John, 42543

Ray & Co., Winthrop G., 478479480

Razi, El (see Rhazes)

Ready and easy way to establish a free commonwealth, Milton, 60

Reamer, Sr., Abraham, 480

Reamer, Turner & Co., 480

Rebagging
New York, 322338
Santos, 304306

Rebellious antidote (broadside), q.58

Recipes, dessert’s, etc., 723724

Reconditioning, 322

Recovery, v.468

Red Can (brand), 441

Red D Line, 482

Red E (brand), 538

Red pottage, 13

Red Ribbon (brand), 441

Reed, Charles, 127

Reed, Charles B., q.557

Reed, Nathan, pat.245469

Reeve, Daniel, 482

Reeve & Van Riper, 482

Reeve, Case & Banks, 479

Re-exports
London, 327
United States (1921), 299301302

Refining device
Johnston’s patent (1913), 652

Reichert, E.T., q.183

Reid, Thomas, 469482494496497522526

Reid & Co., Thomas, 499

Reid, Murdoch & Fischer, 480502

Reiger, q.184185

Reimers & Meyer, 485

Religious associations
Christian, 26
Mohammedan, 15161722

Remi c., 351368

Remington, J.R., pat.633

Remington, Mortimer, 445

Remmer, Oscar, 502

Renan, 102

Renovating, 158

Renshaw, William, chk.130

Rentschler, q.161

Repassing machine, 252

Research, Scientific
Brewing, comparative test, 714716
Dawson and Wetherill (1855), 711712
Grinds, comparative test, 716
University of Kansas, 714
Mass. Inst. of Technology, 515716–718
Mellon Institute, 539
N.C.R.A., 513–515539713–718
Prescott, 515714716–718
Robison, 715
Trigg, 539

Restaurants
London
A, B, C (chain), ill.674677
Brit. Tea Table Ass’n., 675
Buzard’s cake house, 677
Cabin, 677
Carlton, 678
Corner Houses (chain), 677
Express Dairy Co., 677
Groom’s, ill.674
Lipton’s, 677
Lyons (chain), ill.674675677
Peel’s, 674
Slater’s, 675677
Temple Bar, ill.675
Trust-houses, Ltd., 675
Ye Mecca Co., ill.674
New York
Childs (chain), 691
Dorlon’s, 690
Thompson (chain), 691

Restrepo, Dr., q.181

Retailing, 415–429
Blending, 722
Channels of distribution, 415

Retaliation, Goldsmith, 573574

Reuter-Jones Mfg. Co., 649

Revere, Paul, 110609611;
biog.612613

[Pg 790]Revett, William, q.2

Revolution
American, 110125128
French, 100102293

Revolution, C. and, 182031
(See also DemocracyPolitics)

Rewards, 5051

Reynolds, J. B, 506

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 8188574580585

Reynolds, Hatcher & Pierce, 509

Rhazes, q.111225431541

Rheumatism, remedy, 182

Rhodes, Benjamin, 477

Rice, W.S., 502

Richards, Charles, 508

Richardson, Charles, 80576;
q.584

Richardson & Lane, 501

Richelieu, Duke of, 9698

Richheimer, I.D., 538539;
pat.651652;
q.715

Richter, q.159

Ricker, Harvey, 701;
pat.645

Ridenour, Baker Gro. Co., 485

Riechelmann, q.159

Ries, Maurice, 338

Riggs, J. H, 508

Riley, James Whitcomb, q.552

Rinehart & Stevens, 507

Rios (c.), 341343366

Ripley, D.C., 497

Risley, Christopher, 479

Risley, Leander S., 479

Risley & Co., C., 479480528

Rittenhouse, John, pat.627

Ritz, 678

Rivarol, 98

Rivers, 186;
q.187

Roach, Tiger, 579

Roasters
Baltimore, 507508
Boston, 501
Chicago, 501502
Cleveland, 507
Detroit, 508
Louisville, 505
Milwaukee, 506
New Orleans, 505
New York (1790–94), 475476
(1805–1922), 492–501
Philadelphia, 501
Pittsburgh, 507
San Francisco, 505506
St. Louis, 502503
Toledo, 506507
Other cities, 508509
United States, 492–509
(See also Dealers, wholesale)

Roasting
Arabia, 658–662
Australia, 692
Great Britain, 673
(18th century), 695696
(19th century), 704705707
France, 679
Greece, 685
Netherlands, 686
New Zealand, 692
United States, 709710712

Roasting, Chemistry of, 165–167388389

Roasting economies, 513

Roasting, Household
Decline of, 635
Devices
Braziers, 615
Clay dishes, 615
Corn-poppers, 635
Cylinder, 619
Earthenware, 615620
Extemporized, 617635695696
Glass flasks (Italy), 623
Iron dippers, spiders, 616
Metal plates, 615
Stirrers (spatula), 616

Roasting machinery, 381–386615–654
Coal, 391392
Development of, 629
Direct-flame, 386
French, 678–680
Glass cylinder, 646
Gas, 386640–643
German (1860–1897), 638639
Imports from Gt. Brit., 625
Indirect-flame, 642646
Inner-heated, 386
Retail, 420421
Sample (France), 679
Wholesale,
Burns, J.; improvements, 634–637644
French patents, 639640
German patent, first, 683
Fullard’s heated fresh air, 643
Steam-power, 631635

Roasting machines
Household
Bernard’s cylinder (1841), 629
Bull’s coal (1704), 620
Elford’s white iron (1660), 616617
Gee’s (1852), 634
Home (1908), 646
Hyde’s combined (1862), 634
Ittel’s glass sphere (1874), 640
Kuhlemann’s electric, 648
Lacoux’s combined, 625627
Lauzaune’s cylinder (1829), 625
Lauzaune’s “rocking” (1873), 640
Lawton’s perforated, gas (1912), 641
Lawton’s quick gas (1912), 651652
Marchand’s fan roaster (1866), 640
Martin’s cylinder (1860), 640
Preterre’s weighing (1849), 634
Ransom’s (1833), 625
Remington’s wheel of buckets, 633
Savo (1917), 646
Schick’s method (1812), 623
Williamson’s (1820), 624
Wood’s spherical (1849), 634710
Retail
Lambert’s 50-pound, 646
Lester’s electric (1903), 647
Moegling’s electric (1906), 647
Sales promotion value, 423
Seymour’s electric (1921), 648
St. Louis, Jr., 649
Talbutt’s electric (1911), 647
Uno electric (1909–20), 647648
Warner’s mill (1905), 648
Sample roasting
Burns, 642
Improved (1883), 645
Swing-gate (1900), 647
Tilting (1909), 651
Wholesale, 646
Arbuckle’s first (1903), 647
Aromatic (electric power), 646
Burns Balanced-front (1908), 651
Coal, 391392
Direct-flame (1900), 642
First patent (1864), 634
Special gas (1897), 642
Carter Pull-out (1846), 469629
Combination (quick gas), 641
Comet, 638
Crawley patents, 642
Dakin (1848), 633
Delphine tubular (1870), 639
Economic, 646
Evans cylindrical (1824), 624
Faulder, 640673
First direct flame (U.S.), 471
Fleury gas (1880–81), 638640
Fraser gas (1897–98), 642
Giacomini process (1903), 648
Hamsley direct-flame (1898), 642
Henneman direct-flame (1888), 640642643
Holmes patent (1906), 643
Hungerford patent (1882), 644
Hyde combined (1862), 634
Ideal-Rapid, 639
Johnston patent (1905), 646
Jubilee (1915–19), 643652
Jumbo, 522524647
Knickerbocker, 638644
Knowlys’s cylinder (1848), 633
Kuchelmeister drum, 647
Lambert indirect-flame (1901), 642646
Self-contained, 646
Lambert (French), 646
Magic, 646
Marchand ball (1877), 640
Meteor, 638
Moderne, 646
Monitor direct-flame, 642
Morewood sliding-burner (1901), 642673
Muhlberg patents (1878), 638
Otto spiral-tubular (1889), 640641
Page Pull-out (1868), 637638
Pearson patents, 638640
Perfekt, 639
Postulart gas (1888), 640
Potter direct-flame (1899), 642
Probat, 639
Rekord (quick gas), 641
Resson, 646
Royal (1905), 643646
Schmidt patent (1906), 649
Schnuck gas (1919), 653
Shortt electric (1919), 647
Sirocco, 641646
Thurmer quirk-gas (1891–93), 640641
Tornado quick-gas, 641
Tubermann (1877), 638
Tupholme direct-flame (1887), 640641
Typhoon, 638
Uno, 673
Van den Brouck cylinder, 646
von Gumborn gas (1892), 639
Van Gulpen (1870), 638

Roasting methods
Automatic control, 166
Better C.-making com., 713714
Burns, Jabez; views on, 636
Butter; use in Gt. Brit., 673
Early, 694695
Electric, 386
Goldsworthy’s process, 702
Lard; use in Gt. Brit., 673
Natural gas, 642
Quick vs. slow, 640641

Roasting plants
France, 679
United States
Arbuckle, 524525
First and second, 468
New York
Number (1914–1919), 515516
Early (1790–95), 491
Number (1855–56), 496

Roasting trade
France, 678679
Italy, 686
United States, 379–406491–515
Beginning of, 522
Methods and prices (1845), 635
Retail, 418
St. Louis (1857), 629–633

Roasts, 356
Brazilian preferences, 691
British preferences, 673
French preferences, 680
Greek preferences, 685
Italian preferences, 686

Roberts, Mrs., chk.127

Robertson, Joseph C., 585

Robespierre, 9496102

Robinson Crusoe, Defoe, 80

Robinson, Dr., q.176

Robinson, Edward Forbes, 557;
q.11545659627273107

Robinson, Tanered, 584

Robinson & Co., N., 501

Robison, Floyd W., pat.158474;
q.715

Robusta, C.
Botanical description, 144
Ceylon, 236
Cup-tests, 145
[Pg 791]Guadeloupe, 234
India, 227
Indo-China, French, 237
Java, 215216
Netherlands E. Indies, 283
New Caledonia, 243
New York, Exchange excludes, 329338
Sumatra, 217
Trees; height (Java), 215
yield (Java), 216
Uganda, 353
United States, imports, 341
Varieties, 146

Robusta-achtigen (robusta-like), 216

Robusta hybrid (Ceylon), 236

Robusta × Maragogipehyb.146

Rochester, Earl of, 575

Rodney, William, 126

Roe, Sir T., q.2

Roettier, John, 62582

Rogers, chk.121

Rolamb, Nicholas, q. 23

Rollins, Thornton, 485

Romance of Trade, Bourne, q.54

Romero, q.198

Ronan, James, 508

Roodbessige, C. (Java), 216

Roome, Luke, chk.118

Roome, William P., 478498

Roome & Co., William P., 478498

Rooney, John, 475

Roosevelt family, 690

Ropes, Joseph, 468

Ropes, Ripley, 482

Roque, P. de la, 31543

Rosary, The, Barclay, q.563

Rosebault, Charles J., q.671

Roseburg, William, 521522

Rosée, Pasqua, 424353545869462543;
q.432
Handbill, ill.459461

Roselius, Ludwig, pat.162473

Ross, C.J., q.230

Rossbach & Bro., 485

Rosseau, Jean Baptiste, 88554

Rosseter, J.H., 490

Rossi, q.186

Rossignon, q.707

Rossini, 103

Rota (see ClubsC.-house)

Roth, 510

Roth Grocery Co., Adam, 485

Rothschilds, 531

Roubiliac, 84583584

Rouch, pat.621

Roure, pat.640

Rousseau, Baron Antoine, q.656

Rousseau, J.J., 9498102566

Routh, Harold, q.561

Rowland, pat.625

Rowland, Helen, q.553554

Rowland & Humphreys, 482

Rowland, Humphreys & Co., 480

Rowland, Terry & Humphreys, 482

Rowlandson, Thomas, 75593

Rowley, Levi, 494499

Roxbury “hourlies”, 10

Royal Exchange Lloyd’s, 85

Royal Exchange (London), 86

Royal Exchange (New York, 1752), 120

Royal Scarlet (brand), 441

Royal Society, 41

Royal, Thomas M., 471

Rubia Mills, 434496

Ruffio, P.A., 591

Ruffner, W.R., 538

Rule & Bro., Robert J., 501

Ruliff, Clark & Co., 505

Rulings (U.S.), 337338

Rumford, Count, inv.557621622699704;
biog.697;
q.698

Rumsey, Walter, q.56

Runkle & Co., J.C., 479482

Rupert, Prince, 69

Russell, Edward C., 495

Russell, Frank C., 478499

Russell, Robert, 482

Russell, Robert S., 499

Russell & Co., 482494499

Russell & Fessenden, 501

Ruth, 13

Ruth, Sylvester, 507

Rutter & Co., Thomas, 480

Ryan & Co., James, 506

Saccharin in c., 165

Saffron in c., 660

Saint-Foix, 566567

Saint-Victor, 102

Salaman, Malcolm C., q.589

Salant, q.184

Salazar, Alfredo M., pat.653

Salazar c., 349365

Sales by candle, 571

Salesmanship, 407

Sales promotion
Retail, 423–426
Wholesale, 412413

Saltero, Don, 559560

Saltus, Francis S., 541;
q.552

Salvadors (c.), 347360

Salvandy, Narcisse-Achille, q.100

Samoa c., 355375

Sample distribution, 412

Samplers (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Sampling
Brazil, 303304306
New York, 319321
San Francisco, 327
Santos, 303304306312316

Sanani c., 351368

Sanborn, Chas. E., 501

Sanborn, James S., 501

Sandys, Sir George, 1238543;
q.36

Sandys’s Travelsq.36

Sand, George, 565

Sanger, Abraham, 480

Sanger, Beers & Fisher, 480497

Sanger & Wells, 480

Santa Ana c., 350365

Santa Cecilia, v.316

Santo Domingos (c.), 350362

Santos c., 341342366

Saportas Bros., 482

Saturday Evening Postper.q.177

Sauvage c., ill.142

Savage, 578

Savage, George E., pat.649

Savage, Richard, 570

Saxe, Marshall, 98

Saxon Coffee Co., 508

Sayre, q.163164166183

Schadheli, Sheik, 1314

Schaefer, Henry, 478535

Schaefer, J.H., q.428

Schams, Franz, 590

Schanne, Alexandre, q.102

Scharf, q.126

Schemsi, chk.19668

Scheuzer, J.J., q.1316

Schick, Anthony, pat.623

Schierenberg, A., 535

Schilling, A., 506

Schilling & Co., A., 505506507

Schipano, Mario, 27

Schittenhelm, q.182

Schmelzel, James H., 495

Schmidt, C., 591

Schmidt, Francisco, 208

Schmidt, Ludwig, pat.649

Schmidt & Ziegler, 486

Schmiedeberg, Dr. Oswald, q.185

Schnuck, Edward F., pat.653

Schnull & Krag, 508

Schoepffwasser, Lorentz, pseud.45

School of Oratory, Macklin’s, 580

Schools, information for, 513

Schools of the wise, 19

Schotten, Christian, 503

Schotten, Hubertus, 503

Schotten, Jerome J., 503

Schotten, Julius J., 503510631

Schotten, William, 503629631633

Schotten & Bro., William, 503

Schotten & Co., Wm., 485502503

Schotten Coffee Co., Wm., 503

Schramm, Arnold, 477

Schramm, Inc., Arnold, 477

Schroeder, Bruno, 532534

Schroeder & Co., J. Henry, 532534

Schuler, John G., 508

Schulte, A., q.156

Schultz & Ruckgaber, 482

Schultze, q.165

Schumaniana, C.146

Schumberg, q.186

Schürhoff, q.185

Schurtzkwer, 185

Schwartz, Joseph M., 521

Schwartz Bros., 488

Schweitzer & Co., M., 488

Scialdi, 14

Scolfield, Henry, pat.247

Scott, Andrew, q.85

Scott, Edwin, 499

Scott, Sir Walter, q.573574579

Scott, William, 479

Scott & Dash, 479

Scott & Meiser, 479

Scott & Sons, William, 479

Scott, Dash & Co., 479

Scott, Meiser & Co., 479

Scott’s Sons & Co., William, 479

Scotty, C. (chef), 691

Scriba, Schroppel & Starmen, 475

Scribner’s Magazineq.664

Scudder, Gale Gro. Co., 485

Scull, William S., 509

Scull & Co., W.S., 508

Scull Co., William S., 509

Sculpture, C. in, 599

Seal (brand), 435441465

Secchi, 558

Seelye, Frank R., 511513

Segundo (grade), 261264

Seidell, q.160

Seifert, q.185

Selby, Thomas, chk.112

Selden, David, pat.625

Seligsberg, Louis, 478

Selim I, 181949

Selling chart, 409

Semarang c., 355373

Sencial, q.156

Sené, pat.623625699

Sense of Taste, The, Hollingworth and Poffenberger, q.723

Separating machinery, 383

Sephton, Geoffrey, q.552

Service, C., 31
Arabia, 658–663695
Artistic and historic, 599–614619620621
Britannia ware, etc., 619
Clay bowls, first, 616
English, c.-pots (1714–70), 620621
Lantern c.-pots, 602619
Sèvres c.-pots, 607
Sheffield-plate c.-pots, 607
Silver c.-pots (18th cent.), 619
Sino-Lowestoft c.-pot, 607
London cafés and restaurants, 674
Oriental c.-pots, 619
Netherlands, 686
New York hotels, 691
Paris (Pascal’s, 1672), 619
Turkish, 602617621695

Seven Truths to Teach the Young in Regard to Life and Sex, Abbey, q.177

Sèvres c.-pots, 607

Seymour, Mark T., pat.648

Shade, C.-growing under, 133
Arabia, 197
Guam, 242
Guatemala, 219
Hawaii, 241
Requirements, 201

Shadli, Shaomer (see Schadheli), 2

Shami c., 351368

Shapleigh Coffee Co., 501

Sharki c., 351368

Shaw, Daniel A., 480

Shaw, John W., 492

Shaw, William, 612

Shaw’s Louisiana Coffee and Spice Mills, 505

Sheaff, Henry, 475

Sheffield plate c.-pots, 607

Sheldon, Henry, 479

Sheldon & Co., Henry, 478479

Sheldon Banks & Co., 479

Shemsi, chk.19668

Shenstone, q.584

Shephard, Fleetwood, q.584

Shepherd, T.H., 593

Sheppard, Alexander, 501

[Pg 792]Sheppard & Sons, Inc., Alex., 501

Sherbet, 562
London c. houses sell, 61

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 80;
q.581

Sherif-Eddin-Omar-ben-Faredh, q.543

Sherley, Sir Anthony, 35543

Sherman, Fred, 506

Sherman, Fred T., 477482

Sherman, Henry B., 506

Sherman, Lewis, 506514

Sherman, Jr., Lewis, 506

Sherman, Milo P., 506

Sherman, S.S., 506

Sherman, William, 506

Sherman, William H., 506

Sherman, William M., 506

Sherman, William T. (Gen.), 563

Sherman & Taylor, 477

Sherman Bros. & Co., 485502506

Shewbert, John, chk.126

Shewbert, Mrs., chk.126

Shields & Boucher, 507

Shihâb-ad-Dîn manuscript, 542

Shinkle, Wilson & Kreis Co., 484485

Shipping Board, U.S., 338

Shipping c., 312–327
Brazil, 306
American vessels, 515
Colombia, 314315
Iron steamships (1868), 476
Longest voyage, 316
Santos, 312314
Time-table, port to port, 316

Shipping ports, principal, 191

Shope, W.C., 502

Shortt, Everett T., pat.647

Shrinkage, 389391
Roasting, 388
Table (green c.), 393

Shubert (see Shewbert)

Sias, Charles D., 501

Siddons, Mrs., 569

Siegfried, John C., 506

Siegfried & Brandenstein, 505506

Siegman, John G., 507

Sielcken, Hermann, 473482511518519520523531;
biog.517521
Valorization, 530–534
Woolson Spice Co., 506

Sielcken, Hermann (Mrs.), 518

Sielcken-Crossman contract, 519

Sierra c., 345359

Signs, Coffee-house
London, 602603
Bowman’s, 54
Morat (Amurath), 62
Rosée’s, 54
Soliman, 62
New York, 117124
King’s Arms, 124

Signs, Grocers’
Lowell, Ebenezer (New York), 467
Richards, Smith (New York), 124

Silver c.-pots, 619

Silver skin, 136138

Silversmiths, American, 609612

Silversmiths Society, 612

Simmonds, W. Lee, 478

Simmonds & Bayne, 478

Simmonds & Co., H., 478

Simmonds & Co., W. Lee, 478

Simmonds & Newton, 478

Simon, Jr., M., pat.167

Simonds H., 478

Sinclair, Evans & Elliot, 508

Singleton, Esther, q.105115709

Sinnot, J.B., 505

Sino-Lowestoft c.-pot, 607

Sion & Co., 340

Sir Antoine Shirlies Trauelles, Parry, q.ill.38

Sirups (see Syrups)

Sizing (see Grading), 258

Skiddy, Francis, 479

Skiddy, Minford & Co., 479485530

Skinner, Cyriac, 60

“Skyscraper” coffee house, 112113

Slacks, 322

Slave auctions, Phila., ill.128

Slemmons & Conkling, 508

Sloane, Sir Hans, 86543582

Sloss, Robert, q.531

Slow roast, 387

Small, C.K., 477480

Small, John, 480

Small Bros. & Co., 477479480

Smalls & Bacon, 480

Smart, Joseph F., pat.653

Smith, Adam, 81583

Smith, Clarence 480

Smith, Daniel, chk.129

Smith, Frank, 499

Smith, George H., 501

Smith, John (Capt.), 105543,;
q.36

Smith, John Thomas, 583;
q.569

Smith, Michael E., 503

Smith, Mrs., chk.119

Smith, Nathaniel, 584

Smith, Robert, 501

Smith, Robert A., 501

Smith, Sidney, q.567

Smith, William T., 501

Smith, William V.R., 523524

Smith & Co., D., 476

Smith & Co., Thomas, 700

Smith & Curtis, 507

Smith & McKenna, 505

Smith & McNell, 494

Smith & Schipper, 485

Smith & Son, Robert, 501

Smith & Son, Thomas, 637639699

Smith & Sons, Robert, 501

Smith Bros. & Co., 505

Smith Bros., 486

Smith Bros. & Co. Ltd., 505

Smith’s Sons, M.V.R., 480

Smith’s Sons, Robert, 501

Smoke screens (Guatemala), 219

Smollett, 559

Smooth (see Flavors)

Smout, Jules, pat.248

Smyser, Henry L., 523;
pat.470

Sobieranski, q.186

Sobieski, King John, 49

Sociedade Promotora da Defesa do Café, 446

Société de Café Soluble Belna, 539

Société Generale, 532534

Society of Antiquaries, 602

Society of the Friends of Music, 597

Soda fountains, 689

Soils
Australia, 238
Best, 198201
Brazil, 198205
Costa Rica, 225
Federated Malay States, 238
Venezuela, 212

Soliman Aga, 91

Soliman the Great, 1819

Sollmann, q.182183

Soluble coffee, 404406
Brands, 470538539
History of, 538539
Kato’s patent, 471
Processes, 169
U.S. Army war needs, 539
Washington’s patent, 471

Soluble Coffee Co., 539

Somers, A.L., 507

Songs of Brittany548

Sons of Liberty, 120

Sorenson, John S., 520

Sorenson & Nielson, 482520

Sorley, William, 480491

Sorting machinery, 245

Sorver, Damon & Co., 485

Soulie, 102

Soup, Coffee, 177

Sour (see Flavors)

South Sea bubble, 571572

Southern boom (1904), 530

Southern Coffee Mills, Inc., 505

Southern Coffee Polishing Mills, 505

Southern Cross, v.316

Southern Pacific Co., 489

Souvestre, Emile, q.565

Spatula (see Roasting machinery), 616

Specialty stores, 415421

Spectatorper.75808588558573584;
q.8687560561572575582

Spencer, G.L., q.165

Sperry Flour Co., 488

Spice Millper.470526527

Spice-Mill Companion427

Splitting nickels, 427

Spot brokers, 336337

Spot of leaf and fruit (see Diseases)

Spot Market, New York, 329330

Spot quotation committee (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Sprague, Albert A., 502

Sprague, Irvin A., 477

Sprague, O.S.A., 502

Sprague & Rhodes, 477

Sprague & Stetson, 502

Sprague & Warner, 502

Sprague, Warner & Co., 483502

Sprague, Warner & Griswold, 502

Spreckels & Bros. Co., J.D., 488

Spring Garden Iron Works, 245

Spruce, Richard, q.200

Squier, George L., 246

Squier Mfg. Co., Geo. L., 246247469

St. Germain’s Fair (see Coffee houses, Paris)

St. Serf, Thomas, q.554

Stachan, John, chk.119

Stacie, chk.579580;
q.581

Stadium (circus), New York, 124

Stage coaches, Boston, 110112

Stamp Act (1765), 120125128

Stamps, Trading, 429

Stanton, Sheldon & Co., 479

Star Coffee and Spice Mills, 506

Star, London, newsp.585

Star Mills, 494499

Starhemberg, Rudiger von, 4950

State of São Paulo Pure C. Co. Ltd., 445

Statistical Abstract, U.S.q.299

Statue of Kolschitzky, 599

Steam power for roasting, 631635

Steel-cut, 401714
Baker-Duncombe suit, 649

Steele, Mrs., chk.121

Steele, Sir Richard, 758084557570572576577578579;
q.558559

Steele & Co., E.L.G.S., 487

Steele & Emery, 508

Steele & Price, 470

Steele, Wedeles Co., 485

Steele-Wedeles Co., 502

Steeping, 720

Ste.-Foix, 94

Steinwender, Julius, 482

Steinwender, Stoffregen, 485

Steinwender, Stoffregen & Co., 338340482502

Steinwender, Stoffregen Co., 484

Stella (Esther Vanhomrigh), 562

Stenhouse, q.163

Stenophylla, C.216
Botanical description, 140

Stenophylla × Abeokutæhyb.146

Stenophylla Paris, C.146

Stephen, chk.93

Stephens, Alvan, 507

Stephens, Henry A., 507

Stephens Samuel R., 507

Stephens & Co., A., 502

Stephens & Sons, A., 507

Stephens & Widlar, 507

Steppe, J.P., pat.649

Sterility, C. and, 2346

Sternau, Sigmund, pat.649

Sternau & Co., S., 649

Sterne, Richard, 601

Stetson, Z.B., 502

Stevens, Alfred, 103

Stevens, Henry B., pat.247

Stevens, W. & S., 508

Stevens & Armstrong, 480

Stevens, Armstrong & Hartshorn, 480

Stevens Bros. & Co., 480

Stewart, C.H., q.349

Stewart, James, 478

Stewart, Robert C., 477498

Stewart & Co., C.M., 485

Stewart & Co., R.C., 477

Stewart & Walker, 478

Stickney & Poor, 501

[Pg 793]Still & Sons, W.M., 647674

Stillman, Abel, pat.627

Stiner & Co., Joseph, 409

Stitt, William J., 494497

Stitt & Co., W.J., 497499

Stock Exchange, New York, 122

Stofffregen, Carl H., 448511535

Stokes, John, 129

Stoning machinery, 381394395

Storage
Havre, 327
New York, 319321
Santos, 303
Venezuela, 315

Storia di Venezia nella Vita Privata, La, Molmenti, q.27

Storm, Walter, 482

Storm, Smith & Co., 482

Story, Rufus G., 479496

Story & Co., R.G., 496

Story-tellers in c. houses, 666669

Stoufs, Joseph, 590

Stowe, Orson W., pat.644

Strassberger, L., pat.649

Straus, Oscar, 672

Strauss & Sons, L., 518

Street brokers, 337

Stringer, Mary, chk.56

Strong, Joseph, 508

Strowbridge, Turner, pat.644

Stuart, Alexander, 503

Stump, Aug., 482484

Stumpp & Co., August, 482

Suakurensis, C. (Java), 216

Substitute, C., advertising, 437438
Charts, 440441

Substitute-fakers, 435

Substitutes, 170
Barley, 1346
Betony, 74
Bocket, 74
Cereal (harmful to diabetics), 165
Chicory, 46
Corn, 46
Figs, dried, 46
Russia, 686
Saloop (sassafras and sugar), 7374
United States (1st patent), 470
Wheat, 46

Succory (see Chicory)

Succop & Lips, 503

Sucrose, 165

Suess-Oppenheimer, Joseph, 47

Sugar in c., 26589198106667
Cairo (first use, 1625), 657695
Consumption (U.S.), 689
Great Britain (17th cent.), 696
Greece, 685
North America, 105

Sugar of c., 165

Sugar Trust fight, 521–523

Sullivan, Luke, 85584

Sully, D.J., 530572

Sultan, Café, 658

Sultane, Café, 694

Sumatras (c.), 355370–372

Sumerling & Co., 674

Sun, London, newsp.578

Sun, New York, newsp.q.175

Sunshineper.524

Sutton & Vansant, 485

Swain, Earle & Co., 501

Swaythling, Lord, 604

Swazey, S.L., 479

Sweated c., 316317
Artificial (U.S. rulings), 337
Sailing vessels, 353

Sweeney, John, 492

Sweet (see Flavors)

Sweet c.’s, 397

Sweet-bitter c.’s, 397

Swett, E.H., 501

Swift, Jonathan, 80848889557562570573577578579587;
q.571575

Swift & Co., H.H., 482

Swift, Billings & Co., 485

Sylva Sylvarum, Bacon, q.38543

Syndicates
Arnold-Dash-Kimball, 527528
German Trading Co., 528

Syria, The Holy Land, Carne, q.668–670

Syrups, Coffee; recipe for, 724

Szekacs, q.185

Szyszka, q.185

Tabasco c., 345358

Taber & Place, 434496

Table, Theper.675

Table Traits, Doran, q.705

Tachiras (c.), 349365

Tackaberry, William, 509

Tackaberry Co., Wm., 509

Taine, 102

Talbot, Winslow & Co., 507

Talbutt, Robert H., pat.647

Talleyrand, Prince, 103;
q.565

Tampico c., 345359

Tannin, 160182711

Tapachula c., 345358

Tapperi, David, q.11

Tapping hands (Arabia), 312

Tatlerper.75808586561572;
q.558559571573575584

Tatlock, q.159

Tavernier, 31543;
q.2

Taverns
Boston
Blue Anchor (inn), 109
Bunch of Grapes, 111
Cole’s (Inn), 109
First, 108
Green Dragon, 613
Indian Queen, 109110
King’s Head, 109
Ship, 109
Sun, 109110
Red Lyon (inn), 109
London
Barn, 584
Golden, 583
Locket’s Ordinary, 569
Mermaid, 60
Rose, 56
Shakespeare’s Head, 576
New York
Atlantic Garden House, 117121
Black Horse, 118
Fighting Cocks, 118
Fraunces’, 121
Jamaica Pilot Boat, 118
King’s Head, 117
Queen’s Head, 119
White Lion, 117
Philadelphia, 125
Blue Anchor (first), 126
City, 125128129130
Globe (inn), 126
New, 129
Smith’s, 129

Taxation
Arabia, 231
England (1714), 59
Germany, 47
Royal monopoly (1781), 46
Porto Rico (exemptions), 222
São Paulo (valorization), 534
Turkey, 20
(See also DutiesFinesLicensesPure food, etc.)

Taylor, C.K., q.177

Taylor, James H., 477

Taylor, John, 578

Taylor, William, 475

Taylor & Co., James H., 477479485

Taylor & Co., Moses, 476

Taylor & Levering, 484485

Tea, 35
Action in stomach, 178
American colonies
Introduction, 105106
Stamp act (1765) increases consumption, 106
Smuggled from Netherlands, 106
Antiquity, 15
Canada, 687
Discovery, 12
Great Britain
Consumption compared with c., 288289
First sold in London (1657), 56
Imports (1700–57), 75
Introduced at Court, 582
National beverage, 75
Preferred to c., 674
Prices (1662, 1714), 582
Sold in c. houses, 617880
Taxation, 59
Eulogized by Mosely, 38
Johnson, Sam’l, 568
Europe (first used, 1610), 23
Literary stimulus, 357358
Mental efficiency, Effect on, 186
Philadelphia (introduction), 125
Russia, 686
United States
Consumption per capita (1783), 468
Consump. comp. with c., 288289
Imports (1783), 468
Laws affecting, 337

Tea and coffee pots, 609

Tea and Coffee Trade Journalper.138402;
q.34147155160161168175176177178,
179180181186387388399410418421422,
427439527558679689693715717720
Begins publication (1901), 472
Ukers assumes editorship (1904), 527
Urges nat’l organization of roasters, 511

Tea gardens (see Gardens)

Tea party (see BostonNew York)

Tea-rooms (London), 675677

Teeth, Effects of c. on, 175

Tegals (c.), 355373

T’eh (tea), 35

Teixelra, Pedro, q.2

Telephone in retail stores, 424

Tellicherry c., 351369

Temperance, C. and, 61

Tennent, Robert Bowman, pat.246

Terminology, 168

Terms and credits, 403513–515

Terms and discounts (Brazil), 306

Terry, Edward, q.36

Testing (France), 679680

Text Book of Physiology, Flint, q.176

Teyssonnier, 146

Thackeray, W.M., 103;
q.563

Thannhauser & Co., 488

Thayer, Byron T., 501

Theatrum botanicum, Parkinson, 543;
q.41

Thebaud, Joseph, 476

Thein, 160

Theobromin, 160

Therapeutic Gazetteper.q.176

Thery, q.543

Thévenot, 543

Thomas, C., 501

Thomas, Elizabeth, 575

Thomas, Gov., 127

Thomas, R.G., 494

Thomas Co., R.G., 494

Thomas & Son, J.W., 508

Thomas & Turner, 494

Thompson, Benjamin, inv.621;
q.163
(See also Rumford)

Thompson, Dr., q.159181

Thompson, James, 492

Thompson, James Henry, pat.246

Thompson, Patience, 492

Thompson, W.D., 479

Thompson & Bowers, 478480

Thompson & Davis, 479

Thompson Bros., 479

Thompson Co., J. Walter, 445

Thompson, Shortridge & Co., 478479

Thomsen & Co., 479

Thomson, A.M., 502

Thomson, James, 502

Thomson, James (poet), 574

Thomson, A.M. & James, 502

[Pg 794]Thomson & Taylor, 502

Thomson & Taylor Co., 502

Thomson & Taylor Spice Co., 484502509

Thorn, A.B., 499

Thornley, Jesse, 501

Thornley & Bro., 501

Thornley & Ryan, 501

Thornton, Richard J., 505

Thornton, Richard J. (Mrs.), 505

Thornton & Co., R.J., 505

Thornton & Hawkins, 505

Thorpe, q.159164

Thousand and One Nights (see Arabian Nights)

Three Reigns of Nature, Delille, q.547

Thum, pat.158164

Thumb-piece on English c. pots, 620

Thurber, A.D., 499

Thurber, Francis B., 557;
q.182712

Thurber, H.K., 482

Thurber & Co., H.K., 499

Thurber & Co., H.K. & F.B., 482

Thurlow, Lord, 8088572

Thurmer, Max, 640641

Tibiriçá, Jorge, 531

Times, London, newsp. 585;
q.175

Times, New York, newsp.671672

Tilloch, Dr., 585

Tillyard, Arthur, 41

Timbs, John, 557;
q.5369555570–585

Timby, pat.q.157

Timor c., 355376

Tinned coffee (Great Britain), 673

Tinney, Henry C., 509

Tipping, origin of, 74

To arrive, 330
San Francisco, 327

Tobacco
In c. houses, 4277788498
Intoxication, 182

Todd, Robert, 118

Togami, K., q.179

Toledo & Co., Filipe S., 340

Tolimas (c.), 348364

Tolman Co., J.A., 485

Tomkyns, chk.576

Toms, G.W., 513

Tone, Isaac E., 509

Tone, Jay E., 508509

Tone, Jekiel, 509

Tone, W.E., 509510511

Tone Bros., 509

Tonkin c., 352370

Tonti, Lorenzo, 122

Torner, Richard, chk.572

Torro & Co., Louis M., 340

Totten & Bro., W.W., 508

Touches, Vicomte des, 532534

Tovars (c.), 349350365

Town Eclogues, Montagu, 573

Townsend, 496

Tractors, electric (Bush Co.), 322

Tracy & Avery Co., 485

Trade
New Orleans, 485–487
Overproduction disturbs (1898), 471
San Francisco, 487–491
Shifting currents, 293294295296
United States, 475–515
(1921), 299–302
Aden and, 301
Brazil and, 300
Tariff preferentials, 296
Booms, 468469
Central Am. and, 296300
Chronological review, 467–474
Colombia and, 300
Development (1865–1922), 297–299
Mexico and, 301
Netherlands E. Ind. and, 301
Panic (1880), 470
Venezuela and, 300
West Indies and, 301

Trade and Statistics Committee (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Trade Marks, U.S., 413469470

Trade names of c.’s (see Characteristics)

Trading, 291–302
Amsterdam (1640), 105
Brazil, 295
Early, 293
Europe, 327–340
Germany (begins 1670), 293
Havre, 327
Netherlands, 293294
First cargo sold (1640), 43
New York (early), 115
U.S. rulings, 337338
San Francisco and Central Am., 325
Sweden (begins 1674), 293

Trading stamps, 429

Traffic Assn. of St. Louis Coffee Importers (1910), 510

Trafton, C.K., q.527

Traités Nouveaux et Curieux du Café, etc., Dufour, q.211432433

Transhipping ports, Europe, 289

Transportation, Inland
Abyssinia, 228229308310
Arabia, 266282293
Bolivia, 279
Brazil, 303
Central America, 308
Colombia, 308316
Nicaragua, 280
Venezuela, 308

Transportation, Seven stages of, 323

Travancore c., 351369

Travels, Herbert, q.36

Travels, Rauwolf, q.25

Travels, Teixeira, q.2

Travels and Adventure, Smith, q.36

Travels in Arabia Deserts, Daughty, q.661

Travels in India and Persia, Della Valle, 27

Travels of Certayne Englishmen, etc., The, Biddulph, q.ill.36

Travers & Son, Joseph, 445

Treatise in Latin, Meisner, 543

Treatise on Modern Stimulants, Balzac, q.557

Tree, Coffee
Age, 203211213222
Salvador, 219
Chemistry of, 155
Height, 133142202
Arabia, 231
Indigenous to Abyssinia, 15
Origin, 5
Wood, uses for, 138
Yield, 136203
Bolivia, 236
Brazil, 138
Colombia, 211
Mexico, 222
Nicaragua, 227
São Paulo, 208

Trees, Coffee
Number of
Brazil, 207208
Ecuador, 236278
Indo-China, French, 237
Guatemala, 219
Pernambuco, 205
São Paulo, 205207208
Venezuela, 212
Number to acre, 201
Colombia, 211
Haiti, 220
Porto Rico, 223
Venezuela, 213

Tremont Coffee & Spice Mills, 501

Trentman & Bro., C.A., 508

Trentman & Son, B., 508

Triage (grade), 258

Tribune, New York, newsp.q.553

Tricolator, 168445651652701

Tricolette, 654

Triers, 321389

Trigg, C.W., pat.406539;
q.155174718–722

Trillado (grade), 260263

Trillo (grade), 264

Trinidad c., 351362

Triumph of C., Fakr-Eddin-Aboubeckr, 543

Troemner, Henry, 646472

True Way of Making and Preparing C., Broadbent, q.697

Trujillos (c.), 350365

Trusdell & Phelps, 495

“Truth in advertising” movement, 435

Truxtun, Scott, 444

Tubermann’s Son, G., pat.638

Tupholme, Beeston, pat.640

Turguenieff, 102

Turkey gruel, 70

Turkish ewer, 602603621

Turkish pocket cylinder mill, 615616617

Turner, A., 508

Turner, Robert, chk.109

Turner (or Torner) Richard, chk.572

Turner, William F., 480

Tussac, 8

Twitchell, Champlin & Co., 508

Tyler, George C., 556

Tyler, Henry D., 480

Typhoid fever, Effects of c. on, 181

Typografia Pizzolato, 558

Uganda c., 353377

UgandæC.146
Ceylon, 236
Java, 216

Ungandae × Congensishyb.146

Ukers, William H., 527

Ulman, Lewis & Co., 485

Umber, q.182

Union Bag & Paper Corp., 472

Union Coffee Co., 477

Union Pacific Tea Co., 482501

Universal history of plants, Ray, 42543

University of Kansas, 714

University of Pittsburgh, 714

Unloading, 317–327
New Orleans, 323–325
New York, 317–323
San Francisco, 325–327

Unloading machinery, 325327

Uno Co., Ltd., 647

Untermeyer, Louis, q.553

Urioste & Co., 488

Urruella & Urioste, 487

Urwin, William, chk.84574

U.S. Dispensatoryq.164184

Uses for c., New, 457

Utter, J.W., 503

Utter, Adams & Ellen, 503

Vacuum-packed c., 410
(see also Containers)

Vacuum-packing, Effect of, 168

Valentijn, q.2

Valorization (Brazil), 473530–534
N.C.R.A., 511
Norris, Senator, 532533
São Paulo, 295472534
Surtax, 315
Sielcken, H., 521531–534
U.S. gov’t action, 534

Van Cortlandt museum, 122

Van Dam, Anthony, 475

Van dan Broeck, Pieter, 43

Van den Bosch, Gov., 214

Van Dessel, Rodo & Co., 340

Van Essen, 43

Van Etten, E., 538

Van Gulpen, Alexius, 246638

Van Gulpen & Co., 638

Van Gulpen, Lensing & von Gimborn, 638

Van Linschooten, Hans Hugo (John Huygen), q.ill.35

Van Loan, Thomas, 497498

Van Loan & Co., 498

Van Loan, Maguire & Gaffney, 497498499

Van Loo, 588

Van Ommen, Adrian, 643

Van Ostade, Adriaen, 44587

Van Outshoorn, 6

Van Vliet, C.W., pat.634

Van Zandt & Co., M.N., 508

Vancouver, 239

Vanderhoef, George W., 479

Vanderhoef & Co., George W., 479

Vanderweyde, P.H., pat.637

Vane, Gov., 109

Vanessa (see Vanhomrigh)

[Pg 795]Vanhomrigh, Esther, 562

Vaniére, 543

Vankorn, Guggenheimer & Co., 501

Vardy, James, pat.627699

Variegata, C.hyb.140

Varnar, 43

Vassieux, Madame, pat.627700

Vatel, Charles, q.566

Vaughn, V.C., q.176177

Vauxhall garden, ill.818283

Velloni, chk.103

Venard, G., 505

Venetian Republic, The, Hazlitt, q.28

Venezuelas (c.), 348364365

Verborg, Henry, 503

Verdier & Closset, 507

Verlaine, Paul, 94

Verri, Alexander, 558

Verri, Pietro, 30558

Vertu and use of c., Bradley, q.293

Vesling (Veslingius), q.1226

Vickers. T.L., 498

Victoria Arduino-Societa Anonima, 651

Victorias (c.), 341343367

Vie privée d’autrefois, La, Franklin, q.6

Viehoever, A., 160;
q.144145

Vienna
Besieged by Turks (1693), 49
Coffee-makers’ guild, 50

Vienna, Relation of the siege of, Vulcaren, q.50

Villon, François, q.135

Vilain, 594

Vincent c.-pot, 604

Vintschgau, 186

Virey, q.20

Virgil, 543

Visconti, 558

Vitamins, 180

Vitamines, The, Funk, q.180

Viviani, Count, ill.578

Voit, Carl V., q.177179

Volkman, George, 506

Voltaire, 9498178556557;
q.554565

Voyage de l’ Arabie Heureuse, La Roque, 543;
q. 15313234197

Voyage into the Levant, A, Blount, q.38

Vulcaren, John P.A., q.50

Vyal, John, chk.109

Wagama, v.316

Wagner & Co., H.M., 485

Wagon-route distributers
United States, 415416417
France, 681

Wagstaff, David, 476

Wahibis, 542

Waite, pat.625

Waite, Creighton & Morrison, 477

Wakeful monastery, 14

Wakeman, Abram, 473478

Walbridge, Augustus, 480

Walbridge Inc., Augustus M., 480

Wales, Henry, 508

Walker, John, pat.245246

Walker, Joshua, 478

Walker Sons & Co. Ltd., 246247

Wall, Dr., 579

Wallace, Alexander, 475

Wallace, Alfred Russel, q.200

Wallace, C.L.H. (Mrs.), q.181

Wallace, Hugh, 475

Wallace, John William, q.126

Wallace, William, q.657

Walle, Friedrich, 591

Wallen, Geo. S., 482

Wallen & Co., Geo S., 482

Walpole, Sir Edward, 583

Walpole, Horace, 578580584

Walsh, Rev. Robert, q.557663–664

Walton, William, 475

Wanni Rukula, C.144

Ward, Ned, q.7784575

Wardell, q.185

Ware (architect), 583584

Warfield, John D., 502

Warfield. W.S., 502

Warne, E., 508

Warner, Alonzo A., pat.648649

Warner, C.M., 538

Warner, Ezra J., 502

Warnier, q.164169719

Warren, 110

Warren & Bedwell, 506

Warren & Co., 482

Warton, Joseph, 573

Warwick, Lady, 575576

Wascana, v.316

Wash-brew, 58

Washed vs. Unwashed, 250251

Washing machinery, 247

Washington, G., pat.471538

Washington, George (Gen.), 120130468
Official welcome, New York, ill.593

Washington, Martha, 130

Washington Refining Co., George, 538

Washington and Jefferson college, 521

Washington’s Prepared C., G., 538

Wastell, 603

Water extract, 168169

Water power, Nicaragua, 264

Waterbury & Force, 482

Water-supply requirements, 198

Watering, Excessive, 513

Watjen, Toel & Co., 482

Watson, q.126

Waygood, Tupholme Co., 641

Wear F.F., pat.651

Webb, James R., 501

Webb, Rudolphus L., pat.644

Webb, Thomas J., 502511

Webb & Son, James R., 501

Webb, Cheek & Co., 509

Webb, Hughes & Co., 509

Webb-Puhl Co., 443

Webber, q.186

Webster, q.704

Webster, Daniel, 110

Webster, George, 124

Wedding Breakfast (brand), 441

Wedgwood, 607612

Wedmeyer, q.187

Weighing machinery, 403471

Weighmasters (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Weikel & Smith, 501

Weikel & Smith Spice Co., 470501635

Weir, J.B., 499

Weir, Ross W., 466448499511513514;
q.424

Weir & Co., Ross W., 495499

Weir, Inc., Ross W., 495499

Weissman, John, 488

Weisweiller, q.163

Weitzmann, pat.158

Welch, Amos S., 492

Welch & Co., 488

Wellman, C.P., q.410

Wells, D. Henderson, 482

Wells, John, 482

Wells Bros., 482485

Welsh, Ebenezer, 495

Wendroth, Clara, 519

Wessels & Bros., C., 482

Wessels, Kulenkampff & Co., 482

West Indies (c.), 350351361362363

West & Melchers, 485

Westcott, q.126

Westen T. & S. Co., Edw., 485

Westfal, J.R., 496

Westfeldt Bros., 485486

Weston & Gray, 482

Westphal, pat.167

Wet method, 136249252254

Wet roast, 389391

Wetherill, Charles M., q.711712

Weyl & Co., G., 482

Weyl & Norton, 482

Wheeler & Co., Ezra, 478479

Whieldon, 607612

White coffee, 674

White, A.E., pat.651

White, Francis, chk.87

White, Herman M., pat.625

White, Peregrine, 616

White House (brand), 441465

White Rose (brand), 441

Whitefoord, Caleb, 573

Whiting & Taylor, 502

Whiting, Goeble & Co., 502

Whitmarsh, Theodore F., 535

Wholesale Grocers Corp., 502

Wholesaling roasted c., 407–413
Capital invested, U.S., 415
Sales, annual, U.S., 415

Wholesome advice against the abuse of hot liquors, Duncan, q.59

Wickersham, Att’ney Gen., 593

Widlar, Francis, 507

Widlar & Co., F., 507

Widlar Co., 507

Wiji Kawih, 11

Wilcox, O.W., q.147

Wild (see Flavors)

Wild c. (Abyssinia), 284

Wild, James, 469492

Wilde, Herbert W., 492

Wilde, John, 492

Wilde, Joseph, 492

Wilde, Samuel, 482;
biog.492

Wilde, Jr., Samuel, 492

Wilde & Sons, Samuel, 492

Wilde’s Sons, Samuel, 494499

Wilde’s Sons Co., Samuel, 492

Wiley, Harvey W., q.175176180182396

Wilhelm, R.C., q.387393

Wilke, 579

Wilkie, 583

Willcox, O.W., q.161388

Wille, Theodor, 532534

William III, 601

Williams, Frank, 477498

Williams & Co., R.C., 494

Williams & Potter, 494

Williams & Taft, 507

Williams, Chapin & Russell, 478

Williams, Dimmond & Co., 488

Williams, Russell & Co., 477478535

Williamson, C.G., q.62

Williamson, Peregrine, pat.468624

Williamson, S.H., 498

Willis, Thomas, q.58

Wills & Co., Alexander, 508

Willson, Wm. B., 485

Wilson, Increase, pat.623

Wilson, Woodrow, 534535

Wilson & Bowers, 480

Wilson & Co., J.W., 480

Wimmer, pat.162473

Windbreaks, 201

Window-displays, 425

Window-trimming contest, 455

Wine
C. classed as, 11720
C. a substitute for, 1542
Made from fruit, 15
Made from hulls and pulp, 693

Wing Bros. & Hart, 498

Winter, H., pat.158167

Winter & Smilie, 482

Winthrop, Gov., 109

Winton, Andrew L., q.150

Wise, Capt., 128

Withington, Elijah, biog.492

Withington & Pine, 492

Withington & Wilde, 492

Withington, Francis & Welch, 492

Withington, Wilde & Welch., 494

Witsen, Nicolaas, 643

Wittenagemott, 582

Wogan, Sir Charles, 575

Wolf & Seligsberg, 478

Wolff. L., 485

Wolseley, Viscountess, 604

Women as coffee sellers, 56

Women’s petition against c., Thepamph.ill.7071

Wood, Jr., H.C., q.176185

Wood, Jarvis A., q.431

Woods, Rufus, 485

Wood, Thomas R., pat.634

Wood & Co., Thomas, 501

Woodward (actor), 579580

Woolson, A.M., 506523

Woolson Spice Co., 503506521523

World War effects
Arabia, 268
Consumption, 289
Guatemala, 219
Mexico, 222
United States trade, 534–538
[Pg 796]Imports, 286
San Francisco, 325
World trade, 190–195294296

World’s Commercial Products, The, Freeman, q.133

World’s Workper.q.531532

Worth, J.G., 499

Wright, q.167

Wright, George C., 501

Wright, George S., 448501629

Wright, John S., 482491

Wright, John T., 488

Wright, Warren M., 501

Wright Hard & Co., 482

Wrightsville Hardware Co., 644

Wroth, Warwick, q.8283

Wurffbain, 43

Württemberg, Duke of, 47

Wyatt, Charles, pat.621699

Wycherly, 575

Wyld, F. Lehnhoff, 538

XXXX (brand), 44

Yaffey c., 351368

Yarrow, Mrs., chk.555

Yates & Dudley, 508

Yellow fever, effect of c. on, 182

Yemeni c., 351368

Yorke, Duke of, 554

Young, Arthur, q.100

Young, D.K., 482

Young, Samuel, 507

Young, Mahood & Co., 507

Young-Mahood Co., 507

Youngs & Amman, 477

Yuban (brand), 441462524

Yuban advertising, 462–465

Yuengling, D.G., 508

Yungas c., 350367

Zamore, 590

Zamzam, 18

Zanzibar c., 353377

Zarf (cup-stand), 661

Zecchini, G.B., 549

Zenetz, q.185

Ziegler Arctic expedition, 538

Zilmore & Co., A.G., 508

Zinmeister Sr., Frank, 505

Zinsmeister, Jacob, 505

Zinsmeister, L.G., q.389

Zinmeister & Son, Frank, 505

Zinmeister & Sons, J., 505

Zola, Emile, 103565

Zoller & Little, 508

Zwaardecroon, Henrious, 6

Zwick, Charles, 505

Coffee Pot

 

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